Influenza epidemics are an annual phenomenon that, despite all preventive measures, occurs in different countries around the world. This disease is known for its severe course and complications. Mortality from influenza also has a considerable percentage of all pathologies.
Several years ago, a new domestic vaccine "Sovigripp" was issued against influenza, which can compete with foreign analogues.
- 1 Description of the drug
- 2 Indications and contraindications
- 3 Side effects
- 4 Instruction for use
- 5 Price
- 6 Reviews
Description of the drug
"Sovigripp" is a new flu vaccine, produced by the Russian company "Microgen".The vaccination consists of components of the surface envelope of influenza viruses of various strains. Depending on what type of influenza is predicted in the coming season, this will be the composition of the vaccine.
The most common viruses are type A and B, but they are constantly mutating, s
Inoculation "Sovigripp" to strengthen the immune response is added "Sovidon". This substance has the following properties:
- Detoxifies toxic substances.
- Forms immunity against influenza.
- Has the properties of antioxidants.
- Protects cell membranes from the effects of the virus.
Thiomersal can be added to some formulations. This preservative, which is added to test tubes for repeated use, to avoid getting into the preparation of bacteria or fungi. If the vaccine is intended for single use, thiomersal is not added.
On video vaccination against influenza:
Indications and contraindications
The vaccine "Sovigripp" should not be given to children. It is intended for seasonal vaccination of people from the age of eighteen.
The drug has such contraindications:
- Individual intolerance to chicken protein and other components of the vaccine.
- Strong reactions of the body to the vaccine, which manifest as a rise in body temperature to 40 degrees, a strong swelling at the injection site.
- The occurrence of complications after the introduction of the vaccine, such as severe convulsions, anaphylactic shock, collapse.
Temporary vaccination should not be given if a person has severe fever, an infectious or inflammatory disease, and also during the recovery of the body after a disease. The vaccine can be done only after a few weeks, after the person has completely recovered from the disease.
In the video - indications and contraindications of flu vaccination:
In the period of exacerbations of chronic diseases, vaccination is also contraindicated. The procedure can be performed when there is a remission. Before taking a vaccine in the presence of chronic pathology, consult your doctor. The specialist can allow or prohibit the vaccination based on the general condition of the patient's body.
If a person suffers from a mild form of respiratory and intestinal infection, then the vaccine can be done after the state of health and body temperature have normalized.
With regard to pregnant women, vaccination can be carried out only at the end of pregnancy and then if the benefit to the mother exceeds the potential harm to the fetus. But it is proved that for the future child the vaccine does not represent harm.
During pregnancy, immunity is weakened and the risk of infection of a woman with type B influenza increases. Therefore, at the moment, developments are being made to improve the vaccine so that it can be administered to children and pregnant women.
Side effects of
The "Sovigripp" vaccine is a high quality, highly purified product. So far there have been no recorded cases of serious complications.
When vaccinated, there is a possibility of developing such side effects:
- Most often, the patient experiences local side reactions such as swelling, tightness and soreness when feeling the injection site, fever, sore throat, headache, slight runny nose and weakness. All these symptoms do not require any treatment and they disappear on their own in a day or two after the introduction of the vaccine.
- In rare cases, if the patient is intolerant of the individual components of the agent. If in this case, to enter the drug, then there are possible side effects such as urticaria, anaphylactic shock, rash, edema.
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Instruction for use
Vaccination is made in the autumn-winter period. It is advisable to vaccinate at the beginning of the fall, so that there is time to form immunity. The maximum immune response after the administration of the drug can be obtained in two weeks. If there have already been cases of influenza, it is still necessary to vaccinate. It avoids the disease in 90% of cases.
The drug should be administered once a year. The injection is done in a dosage of 0.5 ml. It is injected into the upper part of the shoulder, into the muscle, which is called deltoid.
When opening the ampoule, it is necessary to carefully observe all aseptic and antiseptic rules. The product should not be left in the open ampoule.
On the video application of the flu vaccine:
Before the introduction of the drug, do not subject the body to hypothermia and contact the sick with the flu. Within half an hour after the introduction of the drug, it is advisable to stay on the medical facility, if there are any life-threatening complications, the doctors will be able to provide the patient in time.
It is not advisable to drink alcohol after injection. They weaken the defenses of the body, slow down the body's production of antibodies, which can lead to cold after vaccination. Avoid alcohol preferably for three days after the administration of the drug.
Buy the vaccine "Sovigripp" can be in the pharmacy. The cost depends on the number of ampoules in the package. If you need a single dose of the vaccine, you can buy it at a price of up to 200 rubles.
Packing for ten ampoules will cost up to 1500 rubles.
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An important role in the formulation of opinions about vaccination is played by reviews of doctors and consumers. As with any other drug, opinions were divided.
Most experts say that the vaccine "Sovigripp" is an excellent means for preventing influenza, in which there is virtually no risk of complications. Most patients are vaccinated without any side effects.
In some cases, this tool is prescribed for children, and this causes trust.
As for ordinary people, many do not trust the domestic manufacturer. Many patients also argue that after the vaccination the general condition of the body worsens for several days. But this is a side effect of the vaccine. Though people do not convince people and many people are stopped by the fact that the vaccination field can feel very sick.
There are also those who have been helped by Sovi Gripp to become infected with the flu. Therefore, it is impossible to single out exactly the correct opinion.
From all of the above, we can conclude that everyone has their own opinions about the vaccination against influenza. But this should be considered a necessary measure, which will help to avoid serious complications. The new vaccine "Sovigripp" should be introduced at the beginning of the season of epidemics. This drug is absolutely safe, as proven by research. But there may be local side reactions, which often accompany other types of vaccination, so do not be scared. But after a few days, the state of health will return to normal and the risk of influenza will decrease significantly.