Flavonoids( plant pigments) are physiologically active elements that play an important role not only in the metabolism of plants, but also have a huge effect on the activity of enzymes. In the human body, the elements come with food.
Today, flavonoids are widely used in folk, official medicine, as well as in cosmetology. In the official medicine, these elements are part of the medicines, dietary supplements, vitamins.
Flavonoids have a mass of useful properties,which are taken into account in the manufacture of medical products for different areas of medicine:
Thus, flavonoids have a wide range of effects on the human body. They have the action:
substances The range of properties of flavonoids is sufficiently large, therefore, emphasis must be placed on the main ones:
Scientific studies on the ability of flavonoids to improve the elasticity of blood vessels and regulate their permeability, to fight with sclerotic lesions, have long confirmed the efficacy of these substances.
The most famous flavonoid is a routine that has a beneficial effect on blood vessels.
At the moment, there are more than one hundred flavonoids that have a similar action to routine.
The use of these substances is to reduce the fragility of the vessels.
High concentration of substances is in such products as peaches, apples, cocoa, tea( green), strawberries, raspberries, currants.
Popularity in medical practice has received a bilberry extract( it contains about 25% of anthocyanins), it is used in the treatment of the cardiovascular system, with varicose veins.
By general classification, flavonoids are divided into the following varieties:
Flavonoids( most common in higher plants) play a huge role in plant metabolism. Some of them - pigments, give an appropriate color to the plant. So chalcones, aurons, flavones, flavonols provide orange, yellow color. Blue, red, purple colors provide anthocyanins.
Flavonoids take part in photosynthesis, act as protective agents in pathogenesis, form suberin and lignin. Substances take a direct part in the processes of seed germination, cell death, in the process of lengthening the growing parts of plants.
Leukoanthocyanins and catechins, unlike others, do not impart color, since they are colorless and are the ancestors of tannic substances.
The best sources of flavonoids are citrus fruits, berries and fruits, green tea, dark beer, red wine sorts, black chocolate, sea-buckthorn.
What is characteristic, the cheapest option for obtaining flavonoid bioconcentrates is the use of waste products from the production of wines and juices. Such substances are most effective.
As for tea - the most powerful antioxidant is the green variety. Further on the increase in color, the taste qualities are enhanced, but the antioxidant value decreases.
In practical medicine, preparations based on flavonoids have found the widest application.
Preparations based on flavonoids are an excellent supplement to basic treatment and basic medicines. As drugs are flavonoids Quercetin and Rutin( they are also P-vitamins).
Their functions are most clearly manifested in combination with ascorbic acid and are used to reduce the fragility of capillaries, increase the elasticity of erythrocytes, inhibition of blood coagulability( hawthorn, motherwort).
The licorice root is used in medicine as an anti-inflammatory, antiulcer( preparations based on it, in most cases have names corresponding to the name of the plant).
Hemostatic properties are drugs based on pochechuynoy grass, water pepper. From hemorrhoids will help get rid of horse chestnut, pilger's stalk. In modern medicine, preparations have appeared on the basis of flavonoids, which help in the fight against malignant and benign tumors.
Drugs based on flavonoids are widely used in phlebology, since their effectiveness and absence of contraindications, in contrast to other medications( ointments, gels, tablets), which can complicate or exacerbate chronic diseases, have already been proven. Many drugs are contraindicated in pregnancy, although the problem with the veins at this time is very relevant.
In the treatment of venous insufficiency, flavonoids will be relevant: Rutin, Quercetin, Eriocridin, Catechin, Diosmin.
Drugs based on these substances are very popular in phlebology.
Japanese and buckwheat sophora is the richest source of routine production, which, in pure form and in derivatives, is a part of Ascorutin, Troxerutin, Venorutona, Rutozida.
Endothelon is a preparation based on procionidol oligomers. The largest of them is in the grape bones( the most famous of the antioxidants).The drug increases the intracellular content of vitamin C, which, in turn, binds free radicals and reduces the permeability of capillaries and their fragility.
As preparations based on flavonoids refer to biologically active additives, their use should be started only after consultation with the attending physician, in spite of the fact that there is practically no side effect.
In the complex treatment of varicose, I appoint to my patients, in addition to medical procedures, a drug based on the flavonoids Detralex. The drug has proven itself and shows high efficiency. For prevention, twice a year, you can take courses of taking this drug.
Igor Shaposhnikov, phlebologist
The appointment of patients with drugs based on flavonoids makes it possible to treat varicose veins without any harm to other organs and systems( if it concerns the initial stages), and also in combination with other agents these substances are used in later stages of venousdiseases.
Valentin Kozinsky, phlebologist
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