Hemorrhoids in the absence of timely and proper treatment can lead to quite dangerous and unpleasant consequences, one of which is thrombosis of the hemorrhoids.
What is it, and what treatments can there be? According to experts, such a thrombosis has only one option for removal: thrombectomy of the hemorrhoidal node.
Hemorrhoidal thrombosed node represents a danger to the patient in the form of infectionblood.
The cause of thrombosis is the neglect of the disease.
To fully understand the pathogenesis of the presented disease, the sequence of thrombus formation should be considered.
Gradually, as the disorder develops, the following processes occur:
After the formation of the thrombus, the patient feels an intolerable sharp pain that prevents a person from walking and sitting. The following features are also highlighted:
is necessary As treatment for a patient who is in this condition, at the initial stage a conservative treatment is appointed in the form of the use of medications - analgesics, antispasmodics.
But, as a rule, such treatment does not lead to a complete cure of the thrombosed hemorrhoidal node. The only solution is surgical intervention in the form of a thrombectomy.
The procedure is the removal of the hemorrhoidal node from the lumen. Such a surgical intervention can only alleviate the suffering of the patient, therefore, it is not an integrated cure for all hemorrhoids.
The operation is performed on an outpatient basis or in a proctologist's office at a polyclinic. No special preparatory actions and long-term recovery is required.
intervention This procedure is carried out in most cases on patient complaints in unbearable pain.
So, at the initial stage, the specialists begin the general conservative treatment - pain elimination, edema removal, possible elimination of the hemorrhoidal node jamming and its subsequent repositioning in the anus.
Typically, this treatment can take a long time, often up to several weeks. The most depressing is the ineffectiveness of conservative methods, as well as the serious suffering of the patient.
Despite the fact that with the help of thrombectomy it is possible to quickly alleviate the patient's condition, the presented operation has its contraindications to the procedure, among which are:
Any operation to remove hemorrhoids requires complete cleansing of the intestine. Here the patient suffers with similar procedures, because he can not empty himself due to severe pain.
As a result, the methods of cleansing the intestine in each case are selected individually depending on the patient's condition.
There are two ways to cleanse the intestines: taking laxatives or carrying out cleansing enemas. The first method is performed the day before the operation. The second 2-3 hours before thromboectomy.
The technique is as follows:
Thrombectomy is the best and quickest way to eliminate a thrombosed hemorrhoidal node. Therefore, in most cases, proctologists are advised to perform an operation if the patient already had swelling and inflammation.
How is hemorrhoids thrombectomy, carefully the video is very natural:
After the operation, the patient is released home after 15 minutes. He is not issued a sick leave sheet, because the ability of to walk and carry out standard movements and actions remains unchanged.
Doctors-proctologists give a full instruction on the care of the wound until it is fully healed.
So, a sterile gauze bandage is applied after each visit to the toilet or daily, if in the first days after cleansing the bowel there will be no stool.
In some cases, wound dressing or a solution is applied to the dressing, although often everything is treated with a simple clean gauze.
In order not to give yourself pain while visiting the toilet until the wound is completely healed, the patient should follow a diet where there will be liquid and cushy dishes, sour-milk products, fruits and vegetables.
After the operation, most complications are not observed. The only thing that the patient can complain about is the pain in the first days after the operation.
If they are noted, it means that you can use any pain medication approved for use by a specialist.
Thrombectomy in Russia is a paid operation, the price varies from 2 to 5 thousand rubles.
An important feature is the fact that the thrombosed node reappears due to the absence of medical treatment for hemorrhoids.
Also often, patients after the operation return to the old rhythm of life - days on end, the use of harmful products and alcohol.
This behavior will lead to a new prolapse of the hemorrhoidal node and its subsequent jamming. Therefore, we should radically reconsider our habitual way of life and make appropriate changes.
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