In modern medical practice, there are several effective ways to save patients from a disease such as hemorrhoids.
But recently the most popular is the sclerotherapy of hemorrhoids. This unique medical method is based on the introduction of a special sclerosant directly into the hemorrhoids( its veins).
As soon as this agent enters the vein, a thrombus is immediately formed. The current of blood in the vessel stops, and the walls of the vessels are glued together. So the vein gradually dies off, and the hemorrhoidal knot becomes less and less: bleeding disappears, inflammation disappears.
Hemorrhoids most often involve the appearance of several nodes. Therefore, sclerosing is carried out as many times as the nodes are detected in the patient. The break between the procedures should be at least 5-7 days.
Sclerotherapy is prescribed as an independent treatment only in the first and second stages of hemorrhoids development.
In more complex situations this technique is used as an auxiliary technique to relieve the patient from bleeding before a serious surgical procedure. But it should be remembered that the efficiency of manipulation depends largely on the size of the nodes.
There are contraindications for this type of intervention:
procedure The sclerotherapy of hemorrhoids has many advantages:
Despite numerous advantages, there are some disadvantages:
Based on the above, the patient himself determines whether he will go through this procedure.
It takes a long time to prepare for the operation. The patient is recommended to empty the intestine.
This ensures that, after treatment, there is no need for defecation. Accordingly, the concentration of the sclerosing agent will not decrease, and the effectiveness of the procedure will not decrease.
It is important that the anus is carefully lubricated before the procedure. And on top the specialist applies also a special gel, which serves as an anesthetic.
Thanks to these preparatory measures, it is easy to reduce the discomfort that a patient may experience during the procedure.
The operation itself passes quite quickly in several basic stages:
A couple of days after surgery, the patient may feel pain and discomfort. This is the norm in the rehabilitation process.
If nothing like this happens, the patient is obliged to come for a preventive checkup after 2 weeks. Only after this the doctor will be able to determine the further actions of the patient.
Far from all the symptoms that appear after the sclerotherapy procedure is a complication. So, the pain for 2-3 days is the norm.
But side effects may occur if during the operation the doctor violated the technique of her conduct or showed some recklessness.
The most common problems are:
In case of any manifestation of a complication, it is necessary to consult a doctor to eliminate this situation as quickly as possible.
Doctors say that sclerosing is a young but very demanded method for treating hemorrhoids, this modern technique is available at a price and guarantees the exclusion of relapses for a whole year. It is not complicated.
However, this is far from guaranteeing a complete cure for the disease. In this case, sclerotherapy is a salvation for elderly patients. Therefore, many specialists recommend the procedure to their customers.
Patients' reviews of sclerosing hemorrhoids are different, but more positive.
Hemorrhoids appeared unexpected to me. It was incredibly painful. I did not hesitate, and agreed to the sclerotherapy procedure that the doctor suggested to me.
The operation went very quickly. And after a few days I even had minor unpleasant sensations. I have been living for 6 months as if nothing had happened.
Igor, 52 years old
My hemorrhoids have been added to my numerous diseases under the old age. Very unpleasant thing. The doctor urged me to do sclerotherapy. I was afraid, decided at first to manage with ointments and gels. But only time has lost. I had to go back to the doctor and go to the procedure. It was not painful, very fast and quite inexpensive. Even a pensioner can afford it.
Valentina Petrovna, 78 years old
Surgeons agree that all today's minimally invasive hemorrhoid treatment methods are not highly effective. However, this is a beautiful, painless alternative to serious surgical interventions.
But all patients need to carefully choose the institution where sclerotherapy will be performed.
Because the qualification, experience and professionalism of the doctor depends not only on the procedure, but also on the possible consequences.
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