Often fracture of the nasal bone is diagnosed in children and men. The reasons for this may be a large number, but more often than not it is sports, fights, and also traumas of domestic character. Sometimes people can not understand exactly what it is - a fracture or a bruised nose.
They do not turn in time for help to a doctor, as a result of which the bone does not survive correctly, or a number of complications arise, which can not be avoided without surgery. To avoid this, you need to know the symptoms of a broken nose in children and adults.
- 1 First symptoms
- 2 Secondary symptoms
- 3 Symptoms of infection at the fracture
The first symptom of a broken nose can be observed when the base of the skull of the head is affected. Often a fracture is accompanied by neck injuries. In this case, the specialist needs immediate help. To recognize the fracture of the nose can be on the following grounds:
- The victim has a sever
- There is nausea, vomiting and dizziness.
- With a broken nose, bleeding occurs. And it can be so strong that it is not always possible to stop it so easily. But blood can not be allocated significantly, and after the actions taken to stop it, it does not stand out.
- During probing, the victim complains of severe pain. If the child is too small and can not talk, then when you touch his nose, he has a strong cry, crying.
- With palpation, the mobility of the nasal septum can be detected.
- Slime can be released from the nasal cavity.
Subsequent symptoms of a broken nose will be noticeable when looking at it externally. By the time it's somewhere in 12 hours.
Symptoms here may be as follows:
- The nose is swollen, and there is swelling around it.
- When applying a cold compress, puffiness disappears only after 2 days. If you do not take any action, then it will come down after 5 days.
- Bruises are seen around the eyes, cheekbones and eye conjunctiva.
- If there is severe injury to the nose, then the lesion can get skin integument.
- Deformation of the shape of the nose.
- On the septum may form a bruise. This makes it difficult to breathe. It is possible to stop hematoma only operatively.
Degree of defeat does not always correspond to external changes.
Hematomas on the face can be formed even on condition that fractures to the bones of the nose give rise to microcracks. But with a strong defeat, the clinical picture will be meager. Secondary symptoms appear in a couple of days. In this case, the swelling of the face and the disturbed breathing remain.
Often, a fracture of the nose marked by a rise in temperature. If there are fragments, then excessive bone mobility is observed. Rinokiphosis can be detected - this is a process that results in the formation of a hump on the nose.
On video signs of a broken nose:
Also to secondary symptoms are:
- nose extension;
- occurrence of a thin narrow nose;
- flattening of the external nose;
- flattening of the nose after an injury;
- bone becomes soft.
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If there is a shortening of the back of the nose, this indicates the presence of a nested type of fracture. He is very complex and dangerous, because with him, a fragment of the affected bone can damage the cranial wall with the further movement of the fragment into the cranial cavity and brain. And this is the most serious complication. Similar symptoms can occur even if the bones are not affected, and the lesion has received only the cartilaginous part of the nasal cavity.
To accurately determine this, it is necessary to go to the X-ray, which in this case remains a vital procedure. Very often, with a fracture of the nose, the symptomatology may be similar to a fracture of the skull base bones.
Another thing worth noting is the presence of abnormal pupil size, it does not respond to light, the patient's vision is reduced, difficulty with breathing occurs. When viewing any object, there may be a split. This is a symptom that is called "double vision".It arises as a result of the fact that the oculomotor muscles are exerted by edema. Often, vision can disappear completely.
When the orbits of the eyes are surrounded by bruises that are symmetrical, this phenomenon is called the symptom of glasses. This indicates that there is a concussion. If there was a copious discharge of blood from the nose, then this is a sign of a fracture of the base of the skull. For diagnosis it is necessary to carry out MRI and CT.
A qualified physician should be contacted as soon as the symptoms of the fracture of the nose are revealed. Thus, it will be possible to alleviate the patient's condition and prevent the development of serious complications.
Symptomatic of infection at the fracture
Fracture of the nose reserves not only pain, but also bleeding wounds. If they are not treated properly, it can cause infection. This process can happen quite quickly, which as a result leads to serious consequences.
This pathological process can be recognized by a number of symptoms, which include:
- redness in the area of the affected nose;
- rise in body temperature;
- pain syndrome and tissue edema;
- softening of tissues, which indicates the formation of an abscess.
If you carefully read the presented symptoms, you can react in time in case of onset of a fracture of the nose. In addition, it is not always possible to stop bleeding by one's own efforts. We need to deliver the victim as soon as possible to the hospital. You can not let him blow his nose with such a trauma.
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This can lead to air penetration under the skin, which will cause the development of subcutaneous emphysema( an airway disease in which the air spaces of the distal bronchioles expand).
Fracture of the nose - this is a serious injury, which in addition to pain and swelling carries a great danger. If treatment is not done on time or incorrectly, it can lead to very serious and irreversible consequences. Now that the symptoms of a fracture of the nose have become clear, it will be possible not to hesitate, but to make every effort to reduce discomfort, stop bleeding and swelling. This treatment is not over, as the victim is immediately taken to the hospital for further diagnosis and therapy.