Swelling of the nasal mucosa occurs as a result of swelling of one of the walls or nasal septum due to blood flow. The condition of the patient is characterized by a stuffy nose in the absence of any discharge, a runny nose.

Similar edema can have several causes, including allergic and inflammatory ones. In this article, we will consider the peculiarities of this medical problem, find out its causes, understand how to treat edema of the mucous membrane without a cold in children and adults.

Content Description

  • 1
  • 2 reasons
    • 2.1
  • 3 Allergy Symptoms Treatment
  • 4
    • 4.1 Adults
      • 4.1.1 Traditional methods
      • 4.1.2 Home remedies
    • 4.2 Treatment of children
  • 5 General recommendations
    • 5.1 lavage with saline
    • 5.2 Inhalation, rinses

Description

Swelling of the nasal mucosa without a runny nose occurs as a result of an inflammatory process that leads to a flow of blood to the c

orresponding site. Nasal mucosa is a kind of barrier that acts as an obstacle to the pathogens of pathogens.

edema of the nasal mucosa

In the photo - edema of the mucous

If the microorganisms "take over", the mucosa with their pressure can not cope, as a result, and there is swelling.

Causes of

Most often, this kind of edema is caused by an allergic reaction of the body to an external stimulus. It can also appear as a result of a cold, respiratory infection and a mechanical injury to the nasal cavity.

Allergy

If the edema occurs as a result of an allergy, then in this case the causative agent of the disease is an external stimulus that has got on the nasal mucosa and thus caused its undesirable reaction. This causative agent is different for all, the allergy in humans is of an exclusively individual character, although it has common manifestations.

Among the most common allergens that can cause mucosal edema without a common cold are:

  • pollen;
  • wool;
  • household chemicals;
  • down poplar.

On the video edema of the nasal mucosa without a cold:

Allergic edema is a kind of protective reaction of the body in an attempt to protect itself from an irritant.

Sometimes the cause of swelling of the nasal mucosa becomes pregnancy. In this case, edema appears in the later stages, when a woman experiences breathing problems due to a heavy load.

The anatomical structure of the nasopharynx can also lead to the appearance of edema. Most often this is facilitated by the congenital or acquired curvature of the nasal septum. allergic edema of the nose

Ordinary rhinitis( cold), which is not fully treated, is able to develop into swelling. Also, excessive use of vasoconstrictive drugs may lead to edema. As many know, if "with any sneeze" to use vasoconstrictive drops, eventually the mucous membrane stops responding to them. That's when the swelling may appear.

If the nasal passages from birth are narrow, it can become a factor directly affecting the appearance of edema.

In children, edema of the mucous membrane without a runny nose often occurs as a result of inflammation of the adenoids. The increased tissue, due to its own constant puffiness, causes the same reaction in the mucous nasopharynx.

Sometimes the cause of swelling is the presence of a foreign body in the nose. More often this reason occurs in young children, who during their "experiments" stuff various small details into the nasal passages. Sometimes the detail can be so small that, unnoticed by the parents, gets stuck in the nasal passages for a long time. It irritates the mucous membrane, and the latter swells. Mandatory elimination of a foreign object is required, as its presence over time can lead to quite serious consequences, including purulent inflammation.

Can an angina leak without fever? But whether angina can flow without temperature and how it is worth treating such a disease, it is described here in the article.

How to remove the swelling with vasomotor rhinitis and how to do it correctly will help to understand the content of this article.

Why there is edema of the tonsils on one side and how treatment is treated is described here: http: //prolor.ru/g/lechenie/ vospalenie-mindaliny-s-odnoj-storony.html

What are the symptoms of laryngeal edema and what is the best treatment in this case, will help to understand the contentof this article.

It is important to note that the correct and timely treatment of cold infections provide the fastest disposal of such edema. In addition, in the treatment it is important and not to allow infection beyond the mucosa, deep into the body.

If you start swelling, do not take measures to treat it, it can develop into such serious diseases as sinusitis or sinusitis. To get rid of these diseases later, you need to take much more serious measures. In the most severe cases, edema leads to even meningitis. This happens when the infection breaks through the "defense" of the mucosa and enters the cerebral cortex, causing inflammation of its membranes.

As you can see, the reasons are quite serious, so that you can not pay attention to the resulting swelling of the mucous, even if it does not have a cold.

Symptoms of

Let us find out what are the symptoms of edema of the nasal mucosa without a common cold. Periodic attacks of sneezing. And for one "session" you can sneeze a significant number of times. There is no common rhinitis, but from time to time a transparent, very watery liquid can be released from the nose.

Persecution in the throat is also a common symptom accompanying the swelling of the nasal mucosa. throat swelling

Nasal congestion is always accompanied by puffiness. This symptom greatly complicates life and is the most important reason for which a person is taken for the treatment of edema.

The sense of smell is reduced, sometimes the "scent" disappears completely. In some cases, a person may experience a headache.

Feeling of burning, irritation and hindrance in the nose. During sleep, snoring often occurs.

In case of these symptoms, it is necessary to begin treatment of the edema in order to prevent the occurrence of serious and dangerous consequences. Diagnosis of mucosal edema can only be done by a specialist. A person, far from medicine, can not establish this fact by himself or his child.

Treatment of

Usually, the treatment of such a malaise is carried out in three directions:

  • Speedy recovery of the ability to breathe through the nose.
  • Getting rid of a viral disease, if any.
  • Preventive measures aimed at preventing the development of sinusitis and otitis.

Swelling of the nasal mucosa without a cold can be treated in various ways. Optimal treatment should appoint a doctor, accurately establishing the cause of the ailment. Consider some ways to treat adults and children.

On video treatment of edema of the nasal mucosa without a common cold:

Adults

In this case, the edema of the mucosa without a cold is removed in three ways:

  • medication;
  • with the help of folk remedies;
  • physiotherapy.

But before you start treatment, you need to know exactly the cause of the ailment.

Traditional methods

To remove the swelling of the nasal mucosa, you can use vasoconstrictors in the form of drops: naphazoline, nasol, etc. droplets

After the course of vasoconstrictor drugs is completed, it is recommended to treat the nasal mucosa with bactericidal preparations: protargol or collargol. These remedies help to stop the spread of infection. But how to use Nazol Advance during pregnancy is described in great detail in this article.

protargol

Protargol

If there is a viral illness, antiviral drugs should be taken. Dosage and the drug itself should be prescribed by a doctor. But how it is worth using protargol with nasal congestion in children, is described in great detail in this article.

Home remedies

Foot baths can help with this problem with simultaneous ingestion of hot tea with raspberries and honey.

Facial massage, namely the T-shaped zone is a great way to accelerate recovery and alleviate the condition. Massage is done with your fingertips. Simultaneous inhalation of medicinal essential oils( eucalyptus, pine, fir) will enhance the therapeutic effect.

massage of the T-shaped zone

Massage of the T-shaped zone

Nasal passages can be washed with physiological solutions, compounds with sea salt, a mixture of soda and salt.

Warming with sand and salt is also sufficient in this case. To do this, take a small bag filled with sand or salt, heat it and apply it to the bridge of the nose.

Aloe home-made juice can be used as a means for instillation into the nose. Usually, on the second day of use, a positive result appears in the form of reduced edema and normalization of breathing. But be careful with this remedy: sometimes aloe and calanchoe juice can cause a reaction in the form of a sneeze.

In severe cases, surgery is necessary. It is conducted under general anesthesia and is aimed at eliminating the cause that causes swelling of the mucosa.

Treatment of children

In this case, it is best to use gentle means with a natural composition. Rinse the nose with such drugs as:

  • Aqualor;(how to rinse your nose with Aqualar to a child is described in great detail in this article.)
    aqualor for children

    Aqualor for children

  • Aquamaris;(and here's how to properly use the children's drops of Aquamaris, described in this article.)
  • Dolphin.

These remedies remove puffiness and additionally moisturize mucous membranes.

To make the effect of treatment faster and deeper, homeopathic medicines, herbal preparations, curative decoctions are used. And if the swelling has arisen as an allergic reaction, apply:

  • antihistamines;
  • is an anti-inflammatory;
  • multivitamins to support the immune system.

The folk recipes listed above can also help in children's treatment.

If the case is severe or fatal, then surgery is applied. Usually, surgical methods are necessary if there is a curvature of the nasal septum, which no drugs can correct.

General recommendations

Salt spray

This method effectively relieves swelling of the mucosa. It is suitable for treating both adults and children. You can buy as a ready-made solution in a pharmacy, and prepare it at home yourself from sea salt.

saline washing

Washing with saline

The proportion is : a teaspoon of salt for half a liter of water. The finished product is digested with a special dispenser, and the home remedy is pipetted.

And here's how to rinse the tonsils at home and with the help of which means, this information will help to understand.

Attention: with congestion of the nose, the procedure is contraindicated.

Inhalation, rinsing

With the help of inhalations you can quickly and effectively get rid of puffiness. The drug is particularly suitable for the treatment of children, but it is not forbidden in "adult" therapy.

Solution for inhalation is prepared using essential oil. Especially suitable are eucalyptus, cedar, fir, and other coniferous plants. In addition, perfectly "behave" and really help with swelling of the nasopharynal decoctions of medicinal plants. Especially good are calendula, chamomile, sage. These plants have antimicrobial, bactericidal and anti-inflammatory effects. In addition to inhalations, broths with herbs can also be used to wash the nose.

For inhalations, you can use a special nebulizer. And it is possible and in the old fashion - to breathe over a saucepan with hot water, covered with a towel. If you are preparing water for the baby, do not make it too hot for the baby not to get burned by inhalation.

nebulizer for inhalation

Nebulizer for inhalation

The simplest and long-known steam inhalations are potato. Probably, any mom knows how useful for problems with the nose and throat to give a child a warm steam from cooked potatoes. As there is a rinse of a throat Miramistinom at an angina, it is told in given article.

Steam inhalations can not be used if there is a temperature.

We examined the features of the edema of the nasal mucosa without a common cold: we learned what causes this malaise may have, and what symptoms it has. Also now we have an idea of ​​how to get rid of this problem. Using the information in the article, you can easily recognize the disease, and take appropriate measures in time.