Otitis is one of those diseases that a person has known since childhood. Especially often, otitis is observed in very young children because of the anatomical features of the ear structure. If at this age the disease does not start, then the child has all chances to outgrow the activity of otitis. However, this does not mean that adults are rarely sick with this disease. On the contrary, the adult person almost always ignores the danger of viruses, influenza, which leads to frequent complications in the ENT organs.
After reading this article it becomes clear whether it is necessary to drink antibiotics when otitis or not.
The habit of transferring the virus of any etiology to the feet, even using antibiotics or antiviral, always gives consequences. Only in his youth this can go unpunished with the strength of a young organism. But even then the otitis can hit so hard that it makes an invalid.
- 1 Types of otitis and features of the course of the disease
- 2 Why do my ears hurt?
- 3 How to recognize otitis media?
- 4 How to diagnose?
- 5 Treatment methods
- 5.1 Folk methods
- 6 Probable complications
- 7 Video
Types of otitis and features of the course of the disease
Otitis combines a large number of varieties and types. In itself, otitis is not a diagnosis, but only a generalizing concept, which means an inflammatory process in one of the three parts of the ear.
The disease is divided not only by species, but also according to its criteria:
- by the nature of inflammation : catarrhal( without pus), purulent, exudative( with the formation of fluid);
- by type of : chronic or acute;
- for the location of the lesion : internal, middle or external;
- according to the time of the otitis : up to three weeks acute, up to three months subacute, from three months already chronic;
- by source of illness : allergic, infectious, bacterial, traumatic;
Each species has a common for the class and individual for the type of symptoms. Classification of otitis includes up to two dozen varieties. Separately it is necessary to stop on the most frequent in practice:
- average( otitis media of the middle ear);
- is allergic;
- is traumatic.
How is treated bilateral acute catarrhal otitis media, you can find out by reading this article.
Why do my ears hurt?
In children, the most common cause of the disease is the unusual structure of the ear. Over time, the ear changes and acquires a normal structure, which reduces the risk of otitis. But in some cases, the otitis becomes chronic and will accompany a person all his life. In this case, he will always be at risk.
What good ear drops for otitis most often apply, you can learn from this article.
Most often, otitis appears as a secondary disease, not being the main disease. This can be a consequence of the flu, and the consequence of infection of the nasopharynx. Despite the fact that the throat, ear and nose are inseparable, only two organs almost always come in a duet: nose and ear. Rhinitis, sinusitis and even a simple rhinitis can easily provoke an otitis. That is why ear treatment almost always begins with examination of nasal sinuses. No lor will not treat otitis until the nose is cured.
Otitis becomes a complication of advanced infections and colds, especially if the bed rest of was not followed. And the scope of otitis can be much more aggressive than a provocative disease. The presence of large adenoids, an incorrect septum of the nose also causes otitis.
What ear drops for otitis in adults are the most effective, you can find out by reading this article.
Rotten teeth, especially the upper jaw, can also become the source of the bunch: sinusitis-otitis.
Cold weather, freezing of ears and the parotid zone - this all can cause a disease of acute form. For external otitis, an insect bite may suffice and attempt to scratch the bite site. But more often the cause is in the fungus or the wrong cleaning of sulfur plugs.
How to recognize otitis media?
The danger of otitis is that some of its forms are painless. But not enough to not suspect health problems. For example, a patient may have a serious disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. This is because the ear and peritoneum have one single nerve. That is, with otitis may not be present usual signs, but there will be problems with the stomach or intestines.
The first sign is a feeling of stuffiness in the patient's ear. The patient stinks, while feeling the heaviness of the head, headache, noise in the ear.
Acute form begins more aggressively:
- feeling of pressure and ripple in the ear;
- severe pain. Can be shooting, aching, amplified by night;
How to treat and with which medications Adhesive otitis media is indicated in the contents of this article.
With purulent forms of internal otitis, perforation of the tympanic membrane can occur. The process is unpredictable, can last for weeks, and can ripen and break the membrane for a day. With the formation of a hole or rupture, the pain subsides almost completely, fluid begins to flow out of the ear. Depending on the inflammation and the size of the rupture, it can be many or negligible.
In any case, the presence of fluid in the ear - a direct indication for emergency care of the otolaryngologist!
External otitis develops not so aggressively, but also accompanied by pains and even currents from the diseased organ of hearing. But this pain is not so violent, usually aching. In addition to pain, there may be a temperature if the process is purulent, but not high. The pain is localized in the outer ear, that is, in the shell itself or behind it. A tragus may hurt: a nipple protrusion on the ear. It hurts to touch the cartilage on the back of the ear.
What antibiotics for otitis in children are most often chosen, you can find out by reading the article.
With some otites, the small auricle covers the ear shell, the ear itself blushes and becomes inflamed. Patient with external otitis painful to chew or open mouth.
How to diagnose?
To diagnose otitis can only lor at a direct examination of the patient's ear. Usually the inspection is carried out by a special device, similar to a small funnel. Inside this funnel can be a little lighting. The device is injected into the ear as deeply as possible so that the doctor can see not only the passage, but also the eardrum itself. In 90% of this examination is enough to accurately establish the type of otitis and determine the state of gravity.
How Bullous Otitis is treated in children and in what time frame is indicated in the article.
Diagnosis of otitis necessarily includes examination of the sinuses. If signs of a ligament of a rhinitis with otitis are found out, at first the doctor is engaged in a nose.
Methods of treatment
Treatment of otitis depends on the form, type and state of severity of the patient. If otitis catarrhal, single, the patient's condition is satisfactory, the disease is treated at home. From drugs for the treatment of otitis antibiotics are prescribed, for example, Cefatoxin, course for five days. The drug Norsdex, which is actively used for otitis of any form, became popular. In the absence of temperature, physiotherapy procedures are prescribed.
Sometimes it is advisable to use a "blue lamp" as an additional warm-up. However, its use is limited and it is necessary to coordinate with the doctor the possibility of using.
During the treatment the ear is kept warm and protected from humidity.
More complex otitis is treated in the hospital for 5-7 days, then released under the supervision of the precinct. Complex otitis media is usually treated in combination with sinusitis or sinusitis. Therefore, in addition to antibiotics, Miramistin must be taken into the nose with a cold or rinsing with a saline solution. Additionally, drops in the nose are prescribed, for example, Otrivin.
When treating otitis, folk methods are priceless only in combination with traditional methods. When otitis is very useful to put warming turundas with boric alcohol or plain vodka. Also on the basis of alcohol, you can prepare a compress for the ear. In the gauze make a slit for the ear, moisten with warm boric or plain alcohol. Apply to the ear, tightly cover with cotton and leave until the morning. Important: this warming up is useful only with the permission of the doctor! Because it can have the opposite effect: activate the pathological process and accelerate it.
It is useful to make home drops for the nose, if otitis in combination with a cold. This is perfect for sea buckthorn oil. For strengthening, you can add a few drops of aloe. Aloe can be dripped and separately, only necessarily diluted with either oil or water.
It is very useful to help the body with infusions of chamomile and sage. Fresh broths will help to quickly stop the inflammation and strengthen the body as a whole. It will be good to add infusions from cowberries or dogrose: you can drink as compotes. During this period, it is important to strengthen the immune system, which will quickly kill the infection.
How to understand what a baby otitis and how to fight this disease, you can find out by reading the article.
Probable complications of
The most serious complications after having suffered otitis are:
- lesion of the cerebral cortex;
Complications can not be predicted by any doctor. It can develop several months later or manifest itself immediately. To insure yourself against this can only be timely treatment and careful consideration of the recommendations of the attending physician.
Watch a video about one of the most common types of otitis:
ENT organs are so common as they are dangerous. It is unlikely that anyone will think to cure a cold, go to the doctor. And only when a person faces the threat of hearing loss, hearing loss, he pays time to health. Today, otitis treatment is not considered difficult, the schemes are already "run-in" to automatism. It is necessary to understand only that it is impossible to start otitis!