The clinical picture of an allergy can be of a very different nature, since all organs and tissues are implanted in this process. But more often this allergic reaction makes itself felt, affecting the skin and mucous membranes. It is presented in the form of a small rash, dermatosis, urticaria, Quincke's edema, coughing, itching and sore throat. Often all these symptoms are confused with a common cold, starting to treat a completely different disease and thus worsen their condition.
- 1 What is the difference between
- 1.1 Relationship between diseases
- 2 How to distinguish diseases in an adult
- 2.1 Sore throat
- 2.2 Cough
- 2.3 Runny nose
- 2.4 Nasal obstruction
- 3 How to distinguish a child
What is the difference between
To accuratelyto establish a diagnosis - a cold or an allergy, you need to carefully evaluate all the symptoms that affect the patient. Cold should not bother more than 2 weeks
If you do not install and do not get rid of the allergen, then it will affect the body for months. The effectiveness of treating allergies is to correctly identify the underlying factors and get rid of it as quickly as possible.
Cold reaction is formed in a person with weak immunity .For example, if he was in the cold for a long time. Diagnose the common cold often in the autumn-spring period, because it is at this time that cold rains, wind and snow are present. Seasonal allergy worries because of the flowering of the plant, the code is allocated pollen. This kind of allergy is called pollinosis. He bothers the person at the same time.
Allergy is the body's reaction to the penetrated allergen. A cold is a reaction of the body to the penetrated virus. Therapy for colds will last no more than 7 days. But in case of an allergic reaction, it is not necessary to carry out medical measures, since this ailment does not respond to treatment. Of course, there is a method by which the body can get used to the allergen. For this, small doses of the allergen are administered to the patient. At the same time, this dosage increases every time. Over time, human immunity will not reject alien objects in the blood and signs of an allergy will no longer arise.
The essence of therapy for allergies amounts to the fact that the patient must consume as hard as possible more vitamins and drugs aimed at eliminating the cause of the pathological process. But the treatment of a cold is reduced to the fact that the patient should be at rest, take vitamins, drink warm liquid and antiviral drugs.
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Diseases In addition to the differences in allergies and colds, there are certain nuances that link these two pathological processes. Not only viruses that spread throughout the body and affect mucous membranes can get immune response in the form of allergies, but an allergic reaction without proper therapy can cause the development of such ailments as bronchitis or sinusitis.
The development of these ailments is influenced by viruses, bacteria and fungi. But with rhinitis of allergic origin, the edema of the nasal mucosa is formed. Thus, in the nasal cavity the mucus concentrates, which is unable to leave the nose. It penetrates into the paranasal maxillary sinuses. So it creates positive conditions for the development of microorganisms, resulting in the formation of sinusitis. Such stagnant drying is observed with the development of bronchitis. Sinusitis has a vivid clinical picture and is accompanied by headache, nasal congestion, rising temperature.
On video, how to distinguish cold allergy:
How to distinguish diseases in an adult
To understand what an ailment affected an adult's body, it is necessary to pay attention to the symptomatology.
Painful sensation in the throat is a symptom of an infectious process. This is due to the fact that a protective lymphoid ring is located in the nasopharynx. It includes tubal, pharyngeal, lingual and palatine tonsils. It is the lymphoid ring that is the main protection for the penetration of various microorganisms.
When viruses and microbes penetrate the nose and mouth into the body, this is the first step in their path. In this case, there is inflammation of the tonsils and edema. In the surrounding tissue comes out the toxins of bacteria and viruses, which leads to the development of strong and throbbing pain.
But with allergies, there is primary mucosal edema, the development of which is affected by histamine. And there is no microbial component. And although allergies are also characterized by swelling, but it leads to the development of itching, and not pain, as with colds.
In the period of colds, edema is limited, as it reaches a certain point, and then its progression slows down.
With an allergic reaction, there is a high risk of its uncontrolled formation. This can cause a violation of airway patency.
Although allergy sufferers can observe such a clinical picture as pershenie and hoarseness of the head. They can occur in the wind, when the pollen of the plant with air penetrates the respiratory tract to a greater depth than usual. With cold lesions, patients notice a severe cough, as well as an increase in lymph nodes.
This symptom refers more to colds than to allergies. With a cold infection, it can be unproductive, and after 3 days it becomes wet. But with allergies cough is dry throughout the pathological process. And it can be characterized by itching in the throat and mouth.
Rhinitis of allergic origin differs from the common cold with colds due to its suddenness. Occurs when the allergen could penetrate the respiratory tract. Immediately there is development of edema, abundant discharge of mucus, which have no odor and color.
Because of the greater severity of edema in allergic rhinitis, the sense of smell worsens much more than with a cold. In addition, allergies are characterized by involuntary discharge of tears. And with a cold, the runny nose has a gradual development. In combination with it, the temperature rises and pains in the throat. Discharge from the nose of a thick consistency, the shade can be green or yellow-green.
Difficult nasal breathing
This symptom should be attributed to manifestations of an allergic reaction. It arises because the mucous membrane swells, increases in size and causes a feeling of congestion.
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How to distinguish a child
Often, parents turn to the doctor with a question, how to understand what affects the child's body - a cold or an allergy. In small patients, these two pathologies have almost the same differences as in adults. So you have to take into account the above characteristics.
To approve a child of an allergy is possible if there are such symptoms:
- red eyes, tears are prominent;
- itching in the nose;
- abundant common cold.
With a cold, the baby is sluggish, he does not eat well. From the nose, yellow or purulent mucus is secreted. As for the eyes, there are no changes here. It is possible to prevent the symptoms of an allergic rhinitis from interfering with an accurate diagnosis of the disease.
On video, how to identify an allergy or a common cold in a child:
Rhinitis, which is allergic, has one property: it affects the less often the younger the patient. For example, in children of preschool age, a runny nose with allergies is extremely rare, and in babies it is completely absent. The baby is restless, he cries all the time, refuses his breast. Sometimes, there may be a stool disorder and frequent regurgitation.
Every person should know the differences between allergies and colds. This is very important, because in time the therapy started can protect against the development of complications. And it is best not to delay with a visit to a doctor to know the diagnosis and take those drugs that will get rid of unpleasant symptoms and eliminate the underlying factor.