When a symptom arises, like swelling of the tongue in the throat, the patient experiences a lot of inconvenience. And this is not surprising, since it is the tongue that is most often subjected to various pathological changes. Swelling on the tongue in the throat can indicate a variety of diseases, so it is very important to determine them at the initial stage of development to prevent the formation of another unpleasant symptomatology and complications.
- 1 reasons
- 1.1 Inflammatory diseases
- 1.2 Tumors
- 1.3 Burn
- 1.4 Allergy
- 1.5 Taking medicines
- 2 What
- 2.1 Physiotherapy
When there was swelling on the tongue, then the person can not normally eat, drinkand talk.
This greatly hinders him to fully live and work. But such a symptom does not always indicate the presence of an inflammatory process. In order for the treatment to be effective, it is necessary to correctly identify the provo
Not always diseases of ENT organs lead to an increase in the palatine language. Most often it occurs when there is a pronounced inflammatory process. Then puffiness passes to nearby soft tissues. Such a condition occurs when there is a high virulence of bacteria that led to the development of the disease, as well as with reduced immunity. The tongue can swell in the presence of such diseases:
- Inflammation of tonsillitis in acute and chronic form.
- Rhinitis and adenoiditis.
- Hypertrophic or paratonsillar abscess.
- Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the pharynx.
- Purulent infectious process, affecting the dentoalveolar apparatus.
- Stomatitis, periodontitis.
- Diphtheria, which flows with a marked swelling of the soft tissues.
- Infectious mononucleosis, which is characterized by severe pharyngitis. Puffiness, plaque on tonsils and rash in the area of the tongue.
- Inflammation of the salivary glands.
In the pathologies examined, the puffiness of the tongue is formed suddenly. It corresponds to all the clinical symptoms of a particular disease.
An increase in the tongue is observed in combination with an increase in the swelling and inflammation of nearby tissues. Thus, the patient can not fully swallow, because he has pain and other unpleasant symptoms.
In the mouth and throat can develop a cancerous tumor that affects the epithelium of the mucous membranes. It is extremely rare to diagnose other types of tumors. And although the lesion of the tongue is observed in 1.5%, puffiness of it can often indicate the development of oncology.
This kind of injury can be thermal or chemical. The first variant of a burn most often occurs with the use of hot drinks and dishes. When consuming strong hot drinks, dryness and damage to the mucous membranes of the oral cavity, or rather the tongue, may occur.
It is in it that many blood vessels are concentrated, so that with its slightest damage there is edema. Rarely burns occur under the influence of acid and alkali. This happens when you accidentally consume vinegar or essence, as well as when rinsing your throat with a concentrated solution of soda.
The next reason that affects the development of edema of the tongue is allergy. It can arise for a variety of reasons. Allergic reaction is most often formed by contact with household products, dyes and preservatives in food products.
Edema of the palatine tongue arises predominantly in those people who have previously been familiar with hypersensitivity reactions: urticaria, food allergies. Also, edema is formed in people with bronchial asthma or pollinosis.
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Swelling of the tongue can be a side effect on the taking of certain drugs. Typically, it is an allergic reaction to certain components of the medication, resulting in swelling of the tongue, itching, rash on other parts of the body. There is a similar reaction soon after the medicine was taken internally. And it can be both tablets and drugs in the form of injections.
On video, why does the tongue in the throat swell:
What to do
It is necessary to carry out medical measures carefully and responsibly. If you admit at least the slightest mistake, it can lead to the development of severe complications. If a tongue edema has been found, then the first thing to do is to establish the reason for the appearance of such a symptomatology. After this, the doctor will be able to make an effective therapy scheme, the primary goal of which will be reduction of edema. Then, the inflammation of the tongue is already performed directly in the throat.
If the presented symptoms occurred against the background of allergic and angioedema, then the antiallergic medicines must be included in the therapy schedule:
- Antihistamines - Suprastin, Tavegil and Claritin.
- Glucocorticosteroids - Dexamethasone, Methylprednisolone, Hydrocortisone.
- Drugs that have a diuretic and anti-edematous effect. This includes Furosemide, Trifas, L-lysine escinate.
If, after taking them, unpleasant symptoms still occur, and as soon as manifestations of asphyxia begin to occur, then a number of resuscitation interventions are prescribed. Thanks to them, it is possible to restore the clearance in the airways. Tracheostomy is rarely performed.
The essence of this manipulation is the installation of the tube into the trachea to deliver air. But this in medical practice is extremely rare. Most inflammation of the tongue is associated with local inflammatory processes of the ENT organs.
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To reduce edema, and then later to stop it, they can prescribe physiotherapy procedures. With their help, you can also strengthen the effect of medications. In view of the severity of the inflammatory process, the following procedures can be prescribed:
- UHF radiation;
- herbal medicine;
- diet therapy;
- short-wave irradiation from a quartz source.
Inhalations are very popular, when using solutions based on eucalyptus, ylang-ylang, pine needles.
Swelling of the tongue necessarily indicates that the pharynx and the oral cavity are inflammatory. It should be treated as soon as possible so that the pathology does not take a protracted character and cause a number of dangerous and severe complications. Correctly designed scheme of therapy will facilitate the patient's condition, accelerate recovery and improve the quality of his life.