Swelling of the legs and hands is called dropsy. In the article - about the reasons for its occurrence and the methods of treatment.
About 50-70 percent of the body weight of an adult falls on water. It is part of the cells and is in the extracellular space, blood and other body fluids. As they say, without water, neither there nor here
IMPORTANT: "Vodianka" is a popular name for several diseases at once. This word is called a water callus - a bubble on the skin, which is formed, most often, as a result of friction, as well as the accumulation of water or serum fluid in the subcutaneous tissue in this or that region or a certain cavity of the human body. If corn is just a nuisance, knowing how to remove it easily enough, edema-edema requires complex treatment, the reasons for it are in health problems.
Dropsy - hypodermic edema happens:
The fluid emanating from the blood and lymph vessels is called the transudate.
Often diagnosed with dropsy:
Abdominal, or ascites. In this case, the transudate( excess fluid) accumulates in the abdominal cavity due to circulatory disorders in the large arteries. Sometimes such swelling signals a heart failure. His treatment is directed, first of all, to the elimination of the disease - the cause, is carried out exclusively by doctors. Surgery may be required.
Headache, or hydrocephalus. Cerebrospinal fluid accumulates in the cranial cavity, most often in the ventricles of the brain. The causes of hydrocephalus are trauma and internal diseases, which led to various kinds of brain damage, due to which there was a violation of blood circulation in the cerebral vessels. Treat edema of the brain conservatively and surgically. Eliminate both the cause of fluid accumulation in the skull and its consequences.
Near-peripheral, or hydropericarditis. Disturbance of blood flow or permeability of blood vessels, leading to accumulation of the transudate in the pericardial bag, is provoked by diseases of the kidneys, liver, parasitic and infectious diseases, as well as blood cancer. It is treated conservatively, but in some cases, pericardial puncture is performed in order to pump out the liquid.
Eggs, or hydrocele. Liquid accumulates between the sheets of the vaginal shoot of the egg. It is more often observed in infants and is associated with the peculiarities of embryonic development. But it can also be the result of an inflammatory process. It is treated surgically.
Uterine and tubal ligation, or hydrosalpinx. Most often the liquid in the left, right or both fallopian tubes immediately accumulates as a result of dormant or not treated inflammation of the organs of the female reproductive system. The violation of patency of the fallopian tubes, caused by dropsy, is often treated surgically.
Most often, doctors have to face edema( dropsy) of the extremities. Patients come with a complaint that their fingers, arms, legs, feet have increased in volume, swollen. Swelling can be local, for example, just the tibia. Swelling of the skin, depending on the severity of the swelling, becomes pale, cyanotic, it can see a mesh of small vessels. With severe edema, trophic skin lesions are seen. Often one limb becomes larger than the other.
IMPORTANT: The swelling of the fingers, hands, feet and feet is venous and lymphatic.
How the dropsy of the hands and feet looks like in the photo.
The swelling of the arms and legs is characterized by accumulation of transudate in the subcutaneous space due to a violation of the outflow of fluid caused by:
Causes of dropsy are usually:
IMPORTANT: Causes of dropsy of hands can also be sought on the surface. For example, swelling is a reaction to hand cream, if the product contains an allergen. And fingers swell from those who work for a long time at the computer.
If a person spends the whole day on their feet, walks in uncomfortable shoes( and a woman - on heels more than 2-3 hours a day), by the evening there may be some swelling of the legs, which passes quickly, and by itself.
But the causes of dropsy of the feet and feet are much more serious:
If a dropsy of the limb appeared only once, it went by itself, most likely it was a physiological reaction. If the arms and legs swell systematically, the swelling worsen, it is clearly about the pathology, you need to go to the doctor without fail. Here are the symptoms of dropsy, which should alert:
People with diabetes have a disruption in the metabolism of carbohydrates and other nutrients, which affects the vessels of all calibres. Often, for this reason, hydrocephalus develops.
When the permeability of blood vessels in a diabetic patient increases, the transudate enters the perivascular space, accumulates there. Together with changes in blood viscosity, protein deficiency, soft tissue, skin and joint damage, dropsy gives a diabetic foot syndrome. The nutrition of the lower tissues is disrupted, irreversible trophic changes occur in the tissues, necrosis develops.
Dropsy of diabetics is manifested:
If the diabetic dropsy of the lower limb is ignored, the so-called "foot amputation" will occur( the extremity of the blood supply is almost completely absent), the ulcer will affect a larger area of the skin, "go deeper" into muscles and bones, there is a risk of joining the infectious process and the development of gangrene.
How to take care of your legs and remove swelling, a doctor should tell diabetics.
IMPORTANT: If you have swelling of your hands, feet, fingers, or feet, you should consult your doctor.
If the patient himself does not presume, for what reason he had a dropsy, he should attend an appointment with the therapist. He will conduct an external examination, confirm the swelling, give a referral to the tests. According to the results of a study of blood and urine, it can be assumed what kind of disease caused the fluid to be delayed. The patient will be referred to a specialist doctor:
Fighting with dropsy will be possible with the help of pharmacological drugs and folk remedies.
IMPORTANT: Treat, first of all, not the dropsy itself, but the disease, if any, caused it.
Therapy will be administered by the appropriate specialist physician. At the same time, measures are being taken to reduce edema.
The patient is shown a special regimen:
Water drop caused by a violation of the outflow of blood is treated with ointments, creams and gels - phlebotonics. The most effective are Heparin ointment, Troxavazin, Lyoton, Detralex. Inside prescribe drugs that dilute the blood - Aspekard, Cardiomagnolo, Losiril.
Cardiac and renal edema treat:
IMPORTANT: The dosage and duration of the course of taking the remedies from dropsy is determined by the doctor.
After the doctor has approved the swelling of the extremities can be treated with juices.
IMPORTANT: The collation is carried out exclusively by fresh squeezes of fruits and vegetables with a pulp content of up to 10 percent. Even after several hours of storage in the refrigerator, juices lose most of their medicinal properties. Canned and packaged juices from stores are not suitable.
The recommended dose of juices is up to 600 ml per day, if you can not drink so much, you do not have to force yourself.
Vodyanka is treated with juices:
You can make drainage trays for hands and feet. For them, brewed herbs: chamomile, fragrant citron, figs, clover, dubrovnik.
Swollen extremities are also gently rubbed with alcoholic tincture of Kalanchoe.
IMPORTANT: As a folk remedy for dropsy, you can use a vitamin mix of berries of viburnum, vinegar juice and honey.
Herbs with edema are also taken internally.
RECIPE 1 : Decoction of cranberry leaf.
RECIPE 2 : Tincture of wild elderberry( root).
RECIPE 3 : Decoction of parsley on milk.
© 2018 Med advice. All rights reserved