Diarrhea in an adult: causes and treatment, first aid. Treatment of diarrhea at home in adults: effective pills, drugs, drugs, herbs and folk remedies for diarrhea, diarrhea and loose stools in adults

Find out what are the causes of diarrhea in adults, how to help yourself or someone close to get rid of such an unpleasant condition.

Contents of

  • Diarrhea: a disease or a symptom?
  • Diarrhea in an adult is chronic, frequent, persistent: causes
  • Diarrhea in adults with water, with foam, yellow, green, black: causes
  • Diarrhea in an adult with mucus: causes
  • Diarrhea in an adult with temperature, vomiting: causes
  • Diarrhea in an adultfor flu, ARVI, 3 days, week: causes
  • Diarrhea in an adult after antibiotics: causes
  • Diarrhea in an adult after eating, milk: causes
  • Diarrhea in an adult on vacation, at sea: causes
  • VIDEO: 3 tests for diarrhea. Diarrhea as a symptom of
  • First aid for diarrhea in an adult
  • Diet, nutrition, products for diarrhea, diarrhea in adults
  • Is it possible and how to eat rice decoction, kefir with diarrhea in adults?
  • Effective tablets, medicines, preparations for diarrhea: a list. Smecta, Regidron, Enterosgel for diarrhea in adults:
    how to take? Manganese, activated carbon, Polysorb: how to apply?
  • Antibiotics for diarrhea in adults - Levomycetin, Tetracycline, Metronidazole: how to take? Furazolidone for diarrhea in adults: how to take it?
  • VIDEO: Diarrhea. What to do?
  • Folk remedies for diarrhea: recipes
  • Herbs for diarrhea: how to apply?
  • Pomegranate cakes, oak bark from diarrhea in adults: how to apply?
  • Will vodka help with diarrhea?
  • VIDEO: Diarrhea

Diarrhea is unpleasant. With such a symptom, it is impossible to live a normal life. But discomfort and constant trips to the toilet are just the upper part of the iceberg. Diarrhea signals a disease, sometimes quite serious. And sometimes it is not enough to drink any "magic pill" of those advertised on TV.To diarrhea passed and did not leave any health consequences, you need to find out the reason for changing the nature of the chair and fight it with it.

Diarrhea: a disease or a symptom?

IMPORTANT: Diarrhea is a popular name for a pathological condition, in medicine called diarrhea. With him, frequent urge to defecate, the stool becomes watery and can change color. Not infrequently diarrhea is accompanied by pain in the abdomen and flatulence.

Normally an adult goes to the toilet "on a large scale" from 2 times a day to 1 time in 2 days. In this case, it releases 150 to 400 g of feces. Defecation occurs without much effort, after a feeling of emptied bowel.
Feces of an adult person have a soft consistency, while it is decorated. Its color is brown.

About diarrhea, they say, when an adult:

  • stool is quickened - 3 or more times in females
  • stool liquefied - mushy or watery
  • feces can not hold hard or can not withstand hard
  • stool color yellow, green or whitish
  • in the stool is undigested food, mucus or blood
  • feces foams
  • feces have fetid odor
The medical name of diarrhea is diarrhea.

Diarrhea may be accompanied by other symptoms:

  • with nausea and vomiting of
  • with a slight increase in temperature, up to 37.5 degrees, and a significant, up to 41 degrees
  • increased gas production of
  • spasms, drawing or cutting abdominal pain
  • general malaise

Diarrhea as a symptom mayhave a severe consequence in the form of dehydration. You can talk about it if an adult has an irresistible desire to drink against the background of general weakness, his mucous membranes and skin become dry, blood pressure drops, tachycardia is observed, flies appear before his eyes, his head hurts and turns. The extreme degree of dehydration with diarrhea is fraught with a violation of vital processes in the body and death.
Therefore, with diarrhea it is best not to drink symptomatic medications( which, by the way, have a lot of contraindications), but to consult a doctor who can determine the disease-cause and prescribe the correct treatment.

Diarrhea, vomiting and fever are an occasion to call an ambulance.

IMPORTANT: You also need to know the rules of first aid for diarrhea, to ease your condition and prevent dehydration. The causes of diarrhea can be very different. Diarrhea can begin when:

  • intestinal viral or bacterial infection
  • parasitic diseases
  • fungal diseases
  • inflammatory disease of various bowel areas
  • tumorous diseases
  • alcohol intoxication
  • drug intake as side effect of the gastrointestinal tract
  • hypodynamia
  • disorders of the stomach, liver, pancreas
  • disorders of the nervous system( example - irritable bowel syndrome)
  • disorders of the endocrine functionother system
Character of an adult chair with diarrhea.

Diarrhea in an adult is chronic, frequent, persistent: causes

  1. If diarrhea lasts up to three weeks, it is called acute.
  2. If diarrhea lasts more than three weeks, it is called chronic.
  3. If acute diarrhea is repeated twice in six months or more often, it is called frequent.

Diarrhea in adults with water, with foam, yellow, green, black: causes

Changing the nature of the stool( its color and consistency) often becomes the key to the correct diagnosis. So:

  1. Diarrhea with foam in an adult suggests that in his intestines, fermentation processes predominate. This condition often accompanies a dysbacteriosis that has arisen because of an infectious or parasitic disease, the taking of certain medicines, lactase deficiency, allergies, etc.
  2. Cal becomes liquid and becomes yellow with excessive use of dairy and fatty foods, abnormalities of the pancreas and liver, dysbiosis and tumor diseases.
  3. Green diarrhea can be with various kinds of intestinal infections, dysbacteriosis in the presence of antibiotics, gastric and intestinal bleeding( in a liquid green stool in an adult then there is blood).
  4. Black diarrhea occurs with inflammatory processes in the intestines, cirrhosis and liver cancer, ulcers and stomach cancer.
Black diarrhea can talk about gastric or intestinal bleeding.

Diarrhea in an adult with mucus: causes

Mucus in a liquid stool indicates irritation of the mucous membrane of the digestive tract due to exposure to viruses, bacteria, parasites or toxins.

IMPORTANT: Slime in a certain amount in the stool is always present. It is formed by epithelial cells of the digestive tract, mucus swallowed from the respiratory tract and respiratory organs, blood cells leukocytes. If a person is healthy, it is almost invisible.

If there is visible splotch of mucus, streaks or lumps in the feces of the liquid mucosa, it can be suspected:

  • intestinal infection
  • Crohn's disease
  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • dysbacteriosis
  • Oncological disease

An accurate diagnosis is made based on anamnesis, other symptoms and laboratory test results.

Diarrhea in an adult with fever, vomiting: causes

Diarrhea, vomiting and fever is a classic clinical picture of what is popularly called poisoning, and in official medicine - an intestinal infection. The patient feels very bad, his condition can very quickly become heavy or extremely heavy. If you suspect a viral or bacterial intestinal infection, you should immediately call an ambulance and be hospitalized.

Diarrhea, vomiting and fever are symptoms of intestinal infection.

IMPORTANT: Vomiting, temperature and diarrhea may occur with rotavirus infection in adults. On the features of the disease, read the article "Rotavirus intestinal infection: symptoms, signs, treatment in adults at home. Tablets, drugs and folk remedies for the treatment of rotavirus infection in adults. "

Diarrhea in an adult with influenza, SARS, 3 days, week: causes

Diarrhea with influenza or acute respiratory viral infection in adults is a consequence of intoxication of the body with the products of the vital activity of viruses. This intoxication is also capable of causing vomiting. To get rid of the diarrhea caused by respiratory viruses, it is necessary to take measures to treat the underlying disease, to take symptomatic preparations against diarrhea. You need to do everything to prevent dehydration of the body.

Diarrhea can be a complication of SARS.

IMPORTANT: Diarrhea on the background of symptoms of acute respiratory viral infection is often attributed to "intestinal flu".In medicine, such a diagnosis does not exist. There is not a single influenza virus that directly affects the intestinal mucosa.

Diarrhea in an adult after antibiotics: causes of

Treatment with antibiotics is very common today. The drugs of this group are designed to kill the pathogenic bacteria that attacked the human body. Unfortunately, antibiotics work not only on pathogenic microflora, but also those "good" bacteria that live in the stomach and intestines of a person and take part in digestion processes.
Therefore, a couple of days after the start of a course of antibiotic treatment, so-called drug diarrhea may begin. Treat it:

  • with
  • with prebiotic
  • antidiarrheal drugs

IMPORTANT: As a rule, prebiotics are prescribed immediately for antibiotic prophylaxis, in parallel with antibacterial drugs.

Diarrhea in an adult after eating, milk: causes

Sometimes, once or chronically immediately after ingestion, somewhere in half an hour, an adult begins diarrhea. The symptom speaks of a functional digestive disorder, in which the food consumed moves too quickly along the digestive tract, and therefore does not have time to digest. This happens when:

  • irritable bowel syndrome
  • of certain endocrine diseases
  • inflammatory bowel disease

One-time diarrhea can occur after consuming dairy or too fatty foods, as well as excessive consumption of slack products such as beets or prunes.

Diarrhea after milk can - one of the symptoms of intolerance to this product.

Protein, contained in cow's milk, casein, and milk sugar, lactose, are not carried by all adults and children. According to statistics, in the world from 2 to 7 percent of people can not consume milk. This useful for others drink causes them watery excrement with foam. The main way to treat cow's milk intolerance is a diet that minimizes or completely excludes the use of it and dairy products.

Diarrhea in an adult on vacation, at sea: the reasons for

Often happens: long-awaited vacation, a trip to the sea, to some exotic country, rest in full, and then you, and diarrhea. Why often diarrhea happens on rest for both adults and children?
The phenomenon even has a special name - traveler's diarrhea. It is not necessary to write off liquid and frequent stools for acclimatization. Just at sea, in some other, especially underdeveloped country, it is more difficult to take personal hygiene measures. Food and water often leave much to be desired. Traveler's organism microorganisms that live where he rests are often alien, there is no immunity to them. Hence poisoning with diarrhea, vomiting and fever. If this happens, you need to see a doctor. He will help to recover faster and return to his plans for rest.

VIDEO: 3 tests for diarrhea. Diarrhea as a symptom of

First aid for diarrhea in an adult

Do not treat diarrhea, but its cause. Even if you affect the peristalsis of the intestine with any drug, the patient's condition will improve only for a while. It is necessary to make a diagnosis, you should see a doctor.
But immediately and immediately with diarrhea you need to be able to provide first aid to yourself or someone who is nearby.

  1. Take absorbent - activated carbon, white coal, Smectu, Enterol, Atoxil, others.
  2. Drink water and warm lightly-smoothed tea in small portions, but often.
  3. For 6-12 hours, refuse to eat. Then follow the doctor's prescribed diet.
  4. At the first sign of dehydration, take Regidron or another rehydrating agent.
  5. Restrict physical activity.
  6. Restrict contact with persons living with the patient, with a view to avoiding their infection if the cause of diarrhea is an infection.
With diarrhea it is important to drink plenty of water.

Diet, nutrition, products for diarrhea, diarrhea in adults

Diarrhea in adults is recommended diet. Its objectives:

  • normalize the work of the digestive tract
  • restore the intestinal microflora
  • restore the intestine's ability to suck
  • fluid to suppress fermentation processes in the intestine
When diarrhea is recommended, a medical diet.

IMPORTANT: For acute and chronic bowel diseases accompanied by diarrhea, prescribe a therapeutic diet table number 4.

The essence of this diet is:

  • lowering the caloric intake of daily intake to 2000 kcal
  • reducing fat intake and simple carbohydrates
  • lowering sugar consumption
  • eating food is nottoo hot, cold, hard, salty, peppery, that is, one that would irritate the mucosa of the digestive tract
  • food 5-6 times a day in small portions

From frying, baking, marinating, souring the productdiarrhea refuse. They eat boiled, steamed, mashed. Allowed:

  1. Meat : veal, beef, chicken, low-fat, turkey.
  2. Fish : pike perch, perch.
  3. Eggs : soft-boiled and in the form of an omelette for a couple, no more than one per day.
  4. Cereals : rice white, oat flakes, buckwheat, semolina( porridge on water and without oil).
  5. Dairy products : cottage cheese is low-fat, in the form of casserole, acidophilus.
  6. Vegetables : boiled, stewed, except cabbage.
  7. Fruit : unsweetened, in the form of puree or kissels.
  8. Berries : non-acidic, in the form of kissels.
  9. Drinks : tea black, green, herbal, uzvar, compote of non-acidic berries, natural unsweetened juices, non-acidic, diluted in half with water.
  10. Bread : white, in the form of crackers.

Is it possible and how to eat rice decoction, kefir with diarrhea in adults?

One of the first dishes introduced into the diet of a person with diarrhea is rice decoction. It acts in a complex way:

  • envelops the walls of the intestines, soothes the mucous
  • decreases peristalsis
  • feeds the human body, which because of diarrhea has encountered a deficiency of nutrients and nutrients
Rice broth helps to become diarrhea.
  1. The broth is prepared based on the proportion of 1 teaspoon of rice per 1 liter of water.
  2. Throw rice into the not yet boiling water, prepare a decoction of 40 minutes.
  3. Take a decoction of 50 g every 2-3 hours, it is not sweetened and not salted.

IMPORTANT: Contrary to popular belief, yogurt with diarrhea is not allowed. Fresh, he relaxes, and three-day - induces the processes of fermentation in the intestines. Kefir consumption can worsen the situation even more.

Effective tablets, medicines, preparations for diarrhea: a list. Smecta, Regidron, Enterosgel for diarrhea in adults: how to take? Manganese, activated carbon, Polysorb: how to apply?

Despite the fact that the treatment of diarrhea includes a complex of measures, there are very effective medications that can improve the condition of the patient. Among them:

  1. Enerorosorbents : Activated charcoal, white coal, Polysorb, Smecta, Gastrolit, Enterosgel, Filtrum STI, others. You can use these drugs both once or according to the schedule prescribed by your doctor. Dosage, periodicity and duration of admission should be specified by the doctor or in the instructions.
  2. Probiotics : Linax, Hilak Forte, Bifiform, Bifidobacterin, others. The main goal of their reception is the normalization of the intestinal microflora.
  3. Oral rehydration products : Regidron, Gastrolit, Hydrolit, others. Are necessary at dehydration or that it or him to not admit or allow.
Drugs for diarrhea are prescribed by a doctor.

Antibiotics for diarrhea in adults - Levomycetin, Tetracycline, Metronidazole: how to take? Furazolidone for diarrhea in adults: how to take it?

If diarrhea is caused by an infection, the doctor can prescribe to the patient antimicrobial medications and antibiotics, which include:

  1. Furazolidone .They treat infectious diarrhea, including dysentery and salmonellosis. Adults drink it in tablets for at least 3 days. Pregnant women with infectious diarrhea Furazolidon are treated extremely rarely.
  2. Levomycetin .A broad spectrum of action antibacterial drug is indicated for various kinds of infectious and inflammatory diseases, including intestinal, accompanied by diarrhea. Acts quickly. Adults drink the drug 300-500 mg three times a day after meals, or according to another scheme indicated by the doctor.
  3. Tetracycline .Another strong antibiotic that suppresses the pathogenic microflora in the intestine.
  4. Metronidazole .This antibiotic acts mainly on anaerobic microflora.
If diarrhea is caused by an intestinal bacterial infection, the patient may be prescribed antibiotics.

IMPORTANT: Antibiotics for diarrhea are prescribed only by a doctor. The specialist is based on the results of the tests( if bacteria are found in the feces, sensitive to the specific drug).If the cause of diarrhea is a virus or not an infection at all, the antibacterial drug will be powerless or even aggravate the situation, killing the beneficial bacteria in the intestine.

VIDEO: Diarrhea. What to do?

Folk remedies for diarrhea: recipes

Treatment of diarrhea is possible folk remedies:

  • possessing the adherent properties of
  • normalizing intestinal peristalsis
  • normalizing intestinal microflora
  • reducing manifestations of flatulence

You can take several options.
RECIPE № 1 .Garlic
Looking for:

  • garlic - 1 tooth
  • water boiled room temperature - 200 ml
Folk remedy for diarrhea: clove garlic.
  1. In case of chronic diarrhea for the established reason, if there are no contraindications, it is recommended to eat 1 clove of garlic.
  2. It is cut into pieces that can be swallowed, swallowed, not liquid, squeezed with water.
  3. The course of treatment lasts 1 week.

RECIPE № 2 .Infusion of cumin.
Looking for:

  • seeds of cumin - 2 tbsp.spoons
  • boiling water - 200 ml
Folk remedy for diarrhea: infusion of cumin.
  1. Cumin is poured into a thermos and poured with steep boiling water.
  2. Insists for a quarter of an hour.
  3. Filter, allow to cool.
  4. The infusion is divided into equal parts and is drunk 3 times a day.
  5. Every day, make fresh infusion.

Herbs for diarrhea: how to apply?

Herbal teas, infusions and decoctions of herbs help with diarrhea.

RECIPE № 1 .Melissa infusion.
Need:

  • lemon balm is dry - 3 tbsp.spoons
  • boiling water - 250 ml
Folk remedy for diarrhea: infusion of lemon balm.
  1. Grass is poured into clay or glass dishes and poured with steep boiling water.
  2. Soak the herbal remedy in a water bath for 20 minutes.
  3. After let cool and stand for 1 hour.
  4. Drink three times a day for 1 tbsp.spoon.

RECIPE № 2 : Infusion of wormwood and dill seeds.
Are needed:

  • wormwood dry - 1 tbsp.spoon
  • fennel seeds - 2 tsp
  • boiling water -200 ml
Folk remedy for diarrhea: infusion of wormwood.
  1. Mix wormwood and dill seeds.
  2. The mixture is poured with boiling water and insisted for 1 hour.
  3. Drink 100 ml twice a day for 15 minutes before meals.

Pomegranate cakes, oak bark from diarrhea in adults: how to apply?

Oak bark is a proven folk remedy for diarrhea, as it has astringent, antimicrobial and antiseptic properties. Preparing it this way:

  1. 10 grams of oak bark is poured into 0.3 liters of boiling water.
  2. Boil for 10-15 minutes.
  3. Cool and filter.
  4. Drink 100 ml three times a day.
Folk remedy for diarrhea: the bark of oak.

Pomegranate cakes, which are usually considered to be waste, help with diarrhea.

  1. Pomegranate crusts must be prepared in advance - remove from fruit, wash, separate white useless pulp and dry.
  2. Dry raw materials stored in canvas bags.
  3. In case of diarrhea, urgently to prepare such a remedy: 10 g of dry crusts crush in a mortar and pour 200 ml of boiling water. After half an hour, drain the decoction, drink half of it.
  4. The second half should be drunk twice at the same time interval.
Folk remedy for diarrhea: peel pomegranate.

Will vodka help with diarrhea?

It is believed that vodka helps against diarrhea. But, using it as a medicine, do not forget about the harmful effects of alcohol on the body.
In 80 g of vodka add a third of a teaspoon of salt, drink the resulting product.

VIDEO: Diarrhea of ​​the

  • May 18, 2018
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