A phosphate solution, which in pharmacies is called sodium chloride, is essentially a water-diluted table salt. This means can wash the nose, and hold inhalation. After such procedures, the mucous membrane of the throat is covered with particles of the solution and the process of sputum excretion is accelerated.
INTERESTING: In ancient times, inhalation of fresh sea air was called inhalation. Doctors of the ancient world "prescribed" to their patients walks next to the sea during a storm. At this time, the air was saturated with particles of sea water. By inhaling such air, these particles enter the respiratory tract, cleanse them, moisturize the mucous membranes and fight with manifestations of colds.
Inhalations can be carried out with pure saline solution. But, to enhance the effect in it, you can add various medications. Most often, these inhalations are carried out with the help of nebulizers. Devices that use compressed air or ultrasound to spray medicinal substances on the nasopharyngeal mucosa.
With dry cough, as well as acute respiratory diseases, drugs that inhibit the excitability of nerve receptors are added to saline solution for inhalations. If you need to dilute sputum, then for this purpose you can use "Ambrobe", "Lazolvanom" and other mucolytic drugs. With a dry cough in children, a good effect can be achieved with the help of "Petussin".
IMPORTANT: Mucolytic agents can provoke a more intense cough. This should not frighten you. This is normal when the sputum is diluted.
After carrying out inhalations for phlegm withdrawal, it is necessary to use preparations from inflammation. For example, "Rotokan" or "Chlorophyllipt".
When wet coughing is also indicated by inhalation. As in the case of dry cough, mucolytics, as well as anti-inflammatory drugs, are well proven. For adults, the effective drug is Kromogeksal. To accelerate recovery, you can use inhalations with antiseptics( Dioxydin, Furacilin, Chlorophyllipt, etc.) or antibiotics( Fluimutsil-antibiotic IT, Gentamicin, etc.).
Children with a damp cough should be inhaled with bronchodilators. This will help to speed up the appearance of the airway lumen. In 20 minutes after inhalation bronchodilators need to inhale mucolytics. When a cough with phlegm begins, inhalation with anti-inflammatory drugs should be performed.
Inhalation with saline from the common cold in children is performed using an inhaler with a face mask. At carrying out of such procedure near to the child necessarily there should be an adult. In the inhaler, you need to fill 10-15 ml of saline. Its temperature should correspond to the temperature of the child's body.
Phosphate is not only used to remove mucus from the nose, but also to prevent its formation. In addition, saline is able to eliminate bacteria and allergens from the nose.
Inhalation with saline is used several times a day for 3-4 minutes. For full effect, the nebulizer mask needs to be tightly held, pressing against the child's face. It is necessary to ensure that the child breathes sputtered saline. Therefore, if he cries, he needs to be reassured. And then repeat the procedure.
The well-known doctor Komarovsky believes that it is advisable to use saline for the treatment of a cold in a child if he has thick snot. In this case, the dosage should appoint a pediatrician, who has a baby. If the child is not yet able to carry out inhalations, then he can wash his nose with saline. To do this, you need to drip 1-2 drops into each nostril 3-5 times a day.
It is important to strengthen the output of sputum in bronchitis. You can use inhalations with saline solution for these purposes. But, it is necessary to add drugs with expectorant effect( "Mukaltin", "Lazolvan"), as well as antitussives( "Ledocaine", "Tussamag").
Also with bronchitis, you can use:
Laryngitis is contagious and associated with damage to the larynx and vocal cords. Inhalations in this disease are very effective and can quickly help the affected body. They need to be done 6-10 minutes three times a day.
With laryngitis, inhalations with "Lazolvan", liquefying phlegm, are well proven. For this purpose, antiseptics( Miramistil, Dioxydin, etc.), anti-inflammatory phytopreparations( Rotokan, Tonzilgon N, etc.) and glucocorticosteroids( Hydrocortisone, Prednisolone, Pulmicort "and" Fliksotid ").
IMPORTANT: For severe laryngitis in children, inhalations can be carried out with Pulmicor.
Inhalation with laryngitis can be performed with:
With laryngitis, it is possible to perform inhalations with the help of pure saline solution or with the addition of "Lasolvana".
It is not only possible to treat sinusitis with inhalations by a nebulizer, but also with such procedures it is possible to achieve an excellent therapeutic effect. But, this can only happen if a device that is capable of spraying drops with a diameter of at least 10 μm is used. When spraying drops of smaller diameter they will settle in the bronchi and not have the desired effect.
Procedure for inhalation for maxillary sinusitis for adults should be 10 minutes, for children 5-8 minutes. Immediately before the inhalation procedure, you need to clean your nose and drip vasoconstrictive drops into it. Tact like "Naphthyzin", "Ximelin", etc.
To carry out inhalation with sinusitis can be with the following medicines:
When using Procefools of inhalation it is important to try so that medicines do not get into the lungs. To do this, you need to use a nebulizer with a special nozzle.
Very well recommended itself as a medicine for sinusitis for children antibiotic "Torbamycin".It acts on Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a microbe that often becomes the cause of otitis, pneumonia and sinusitis."Torbamycin" is sold in ready for use in a nebulizer form.
If the antiseptic "Miramistin" is used as a means for inhalation of sinusitis, then it is diluted with saline solution in the proportion of 1: 2.The procedure of inhalation with this drug is carried out three times a day.
For inhalations of "Dexomethasone" 0.5 ml of the drug is diluted in 3 ml of saline. The inhalation procedure is carried out four times a day.
"Derinat" with saline solution is diluted 1: 1 and inhaled 2 times a day.
Sore throat is a very unpleasant symptom. To facilitate the condition and speedy recovery shows inhalation with saline. Before this procedure, you need to give up rinsing and strong activity.
With pharyngitis, tonsillitis and tonsillitis, inhalations with "Fluimucil" are well recommended. For children under 6, the drug is prescribed in a dosage of 1 ml. Children from 6-12 years in a dosage of 2 ml. Diluted "Fluimutsil" in a 1: 1 ratio.
One of the best disinfectants is Dioxydin. It is shown with a sore throat due to purulent sore throat. The ampoule with a 1% solution is diluted with saline in a proportion of 1: 4.Inhalation is carried out with 3 mm of the prepared solution.
In the case of a sore throat in the investigation of ARVI, the child can be helped with inhalation "Furacilin".For one inhalation use 5 ml of the finished 0.24% solution.
To treat the sore throat in children, you can also use the vegetable preparation Rotokan. The drug is diluted in a proportion of 1:40 and used for inhalation 3 ml of the solution. In a day, you can use three inhalations with this solution.
You can use nebulizer inhalations and with adenoid tissue in adulthood in children. Solutions based on sodium chloride or mineral water can be prepared by yourself. With their help, you can not only stop the proliferation of lymphoid tissue, but also reduce the swelling of the throat.
You can use inhalations in adenoids for 2-3 degrees of the disease. When it is still possible to help the body without surgery. For these purposes, solutions are used:
When the cough becomes obstructive and can develop into choking, inhalations with "Berodual" are indicated. This bronchodilator is good for diseases such as bronchial asthma and emphysema."Berodual" well helps to cope with bronchospasm and other consequences of lung damage.
For carrying out inhalations with Berodual, you need to properly dilute the drug. To a child under 6 years weighing less than 22 kg should be added to saline( 2 ml) by drop of the drug for every 2 kg of the child's weight. And the first inhalation should be done with a minimal amount of solution, and gradually increase it to a standard dose.
For children from 6 to 12 years, the inhalation solution should consist of 10 drops of the drug diluted in 0.5 ml of saline. In acute attacks of bronchial asthma, the dosage can be increased by two.
Inhalation with Berodual is done 2 times a day with normal course of the disease and 4 times a day in case of complication.
Catarrhal diseases that are accompanied by sore throat, runny nose, fever and cough can be cured with inhalations with Lazolvan. This drug is able to withdraw phlegm from the bronchi and relieve the symptoms of colds.
For inhalations, a ready-made solution of "Lazolvan" is used, which is diluted with sodium chloride in proportions of 1: 1.To determine the dosage of the solution, you need to take into account the age of the child. Children up to 6 years of age are shown taking 2 ml of the drug twice a day. The inhalation time should not exceed 5 minutes.
For children who are already 6 years old, you can increase the dosage to 3 ml twice a day. The duration of the inhalation procedure should not be more than 5 minutes. It is necessary to conduct such procedures daily for seven days.
Another drug for the treatment of diseases of the bronchopulmonary system is "Pulmicort."It is an anti-inflammatory hormone that is not addictive for prolonged use. The attending physician may prescribe inhalations with "Pulmicort" for bronchial asthma, laryngitis and laryngotracheitis.
Inhalations with Pulmicort can be given to children from six months of age. The maximum permissible dosage of the drug at this age is 0.5 mg. The drug is diluted with sodium chloride in a ratio of 1: 1.As a rule, first dilute the entire contents of the ampoule( 2 ml), and then divide the solution into several inhalations.
For children from 6 months to 6 years, the dosage of the drug can be increased to achieve a greater effect. On the day, two inhalations with this drug are allowed.
With severe nasal congestion, obstructive bronchitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis and tracheitis, inhalations with "Naphthyzine" are indicated. In the composition of this drug, the active substance is nafazoline, which fights well with diseases of the lower and upper respiratory tract.
Inhalations with "Naphthyzine" can be used to treat children only after consulting a specialist. In this case, the first 2-3 days such procedures can not be carried out. Also need to abandon inhalations at a child's temperature above 37.2 degrees.
When observing such procedures it is very important to observe the proportions. Overdose of "Naphthyzinom" is dangerous for children's health.
If Naphthyzin is used 0.05%, then 1 ml of this substance should be diluted in 5 ml of saline. When using "Naftizina" 0.1% - 1 ml of this drug is diluted in 10 ml of saline.
For inhalations use 3 ml of the prepared solution for children.
Children under 6 years of inhalation are administered three times a day for 3-4 minutes. To older children, the time of such procedures is increased to 5-6 minutes.
Cough, this is a form of complication of the common cold. It, as a rule, arises in the presence of obstacles for free passage of air. When it appears, reception of mucolytic drugs is indicated. Those who dilute sputum and promote its withdrawal from the body. One of the most popular mucolytic drugs is Ambrohexal. This drug based on ambroxol hydrochloride is available in the form of tablets, syrup and solution for inhalation.
Before using inhalations with Ambrohexal, you need to make sure that the cough is not allergic. In addition, it is important to know that this drug is useful in the treatment of wet cough. Before using it, consult your doctor.
For carrying out inhalations with Ambrogesal it is important to properly dilute this product in saline solution. Children under 2 years of age need to dilute 1 ml of this drug in 2 ml of saline.
For children from 2 to 6 years, the dosage can be increased to 2 ml, and for children from 6 to 3 ml. On the day, 1-2 inhalation procedures are allowed.
Miramistin is an antiseptic and disinfectant that is used for sinusitis, laryngitis, bronchitis, tonsillitis and other similar diseases. The active substance of this drug acts on pathogenic bacteria and destroys their membrane. What leads to their death.
Miramistin is a low-toxic agent whose action does not cause problems in healthy cells of the human body. Moreover, the action of this agent activates local immunity. What contributes to a quick recovery.
The drug is most successful when inhaled. These procedures are carried out with undiluted Miramistin solution( 0.01%).For children, you can use 2-4 ml of this drug. The exact dosage can be obtained from your doctor.
The duration of one procedure takes 10-15 minutes. Treatment with the help of inhalations "Miramistin" spend no more than 5 days.
"Ambrobene" has proven itself in the treatment of cough and respiratory system diseases. Most often, "Ambrobe" is taken with bronchitis, obstructive bronchitis, bronchial asthma and pneumonia.
Ambrobe has practically no side effects. If you use this drug with inhalations, and also taking inwards, you can significantly accelerate its effect.
For children, the inhalation solution is prepared on the basis of sodium chloride. To do this, mix the same amount of drug and saline solution. Children under 6 years of age, the solution should consist of 2 ml of "Ambrobe" and 2 ml of saline solution. Children older than this age increase the dosage to 3 ml of "Ambrobene".
Inhalation procedures are carried out 2 times a day for 5 days. Already on 2-3 procedures the action of this drug should give a positive effect.
"Fluimucil antibiotic" for inhalations is used in the treatment of a large number of respiratory diseases that are caused by the action of pathogenic bacteria. The composition of this tool includes:
The antibiotic destroys the cell membrane of bacteria and causes their death. Mucolytic agent facilitates the withdrawal of phlegm and improves the penetration of thiamphenicol into the tissues of the body.
IMPORTANT: Do not confuse "Fluimucil antibiotic" and "Fluimutsil".The latter includes only a mucolytic agent. This drug is not capable of affecting pathogenic bacteria.
Inhalation with "Fluimucil antibiotic" is used to treat bronchitis, pneumonia, laryngotracheitis, adenoid, pulmonary abscess, whooping cough, otitis, acute and chronic sinusitis, sinusitis and many other diseases. Its use is shown only when appointed by a doctor.
The drug is sold in a package containing a bottle of powder and water for injection. The powder is diluted in water, and then the solution must be mixed with saline solution. To do this, "Fluimucil" diluted in the amount of 1.25 ml is diluted in 1 ml of saline.
To get this dose of the drug you need to get a syringe from the bottle of 1.25 ml of the obtained solution of "Fluimutsila" and add to it 1 ml of physiological solution. The final solution is used for inhalation. The procedure is 5-6 minutes. The course of treatment is 8-10 days.
Steam inhalation at a body temperature of over 37 degrees can be done, but not desirable. At this time the body is struggling with the disease, and the load in the form of warm air can spend its extra resources. After carrying out such a procedure, the temperature may even increase even more.
But, modern nebulizers do not heat the air. They just deliver medicinal to the mucous airways. So, you can use this procedure at high temperature. But, you need to do this carefully.
Everyone knows that angina is a disease caused by the action of pathogenic microorganisms: bacteria, fungi and viruses. A special effect in the treatment of this disease can be achieved with the help of local therapy. That is why such procedures as rinsing and irrigation of the throat, as well as inhalations are so popular with the angina. But, in order for inhalations to give a positive effect, they are best done with a nebulizer. That is, a device that simply sprays the drug without heating it.
With the help of such inhalations it is possible to treat not only bacterial, but also viral sore throat. A special effect can be achieved if to start treatment of this disease at the initial stage. Then, when purulent foci are not yet formed.
In the initial stages of angina, inhalations with mineral water( "Narzan", "Essentuki", etc.), as well as saline solution, proved to be very good. Such procedures can remove the swelling of the throat, reduce the pain syndrome, soften the nasopharynx and heal the microdamage of the mucous membrane.
The dosage and amount of saline for inhalation is determined by the pediatrician in accordance with the child's age. For a child of 3-4 years of age, inhalation is carried out with 2 ml of saline. For children 5-7 years - 3 ml. Children older than this age with inhalation use 4 ml of solution.
Between inhalations should be kept for 4-6 hours. One procedure should take from 2 to 10 minutes, depending on the age of the child.
The course of such procedures should not exceed 7-8 days.
Pure saline solution has practically no contraindications. But, experts do not recommend using this tool for extracellular hyperhydration, as well as violations of blood circulation. It is not recommended to use saline with a high level of sodium in the body, as well as hypokalemia. With left ventricular and cardiac decompensated insufficiency from inhalations with saline solution also need to be abandoned.
Katia. In obstructive bronchitis, the pediatrician prescribed inhalation with Berodual and saline solution. Three days later, when the symptoms of the disease began to recede, Berodual was abolished. But, inhalations with saline left. The child quickly recovered.
Ivan. I have two children. When one of them brings a virus from school, then one by one gets sick with the whole family. The pediatrician advised to wash his nose and do inhalations with saline. Now we use it constantly. Become sick less.
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