Almost a third of the population of our planet has problems with joints. If several years ago this group consisted mainly of elderly people, today more and more such problems are diagnosed among young people. Modern life greatly "loads" the joints. And not always they can resist this for a long time.
Joints are the movable joints of the bones of the skeleton. Thanks to them, a person can move, perform work by hand and perform other actions. The pain that arises in the joints is the first and most serious sign that something in this part of the body is not in order.
There are quite a few reasons that cause joints to collapse. To such reasons it is possible to carry a wrong food, frequent stay in dampness and a cold, bad ecology and bad habits.
Very often the disease of the joints are infectious in nature, and also occur because of a violation of blood circulation in the limbs. Also joints can suffer due to injuries and frequent stress.
There are many reasons for such problems. And this means that the symptoms will be different. The main ones are:
These dangerous diseases act primarily on the cartilaginous tissueand can completely destroy the joint. Degenerative dystrophic diseases can affect any parts of the body that have cartilaginous tissue in their composition. These diseases include cystic degeneration, arthritis and arthrosis.
In the process of their vital activity, the cartilaginous plates of the joints wear out and are deformed. This leads to a disease like arthrosis. Most often this disease is prone to knee, ankle and hip joints. Less often, arthrosis is exposed to the fingers and toes.
The main symptom of arthrosis is pain in motion or physical activity. There are several stages of arthrosis. The higher the stage of this disease, the stronger the pain.
The "main" joint disease, having an autoimmune character, is rheumatoid arthritis. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the connective tissue with the lesion of predominantly small joints. It is most common in middle-aged and elderly women.
In rheumatoid arthritis, several joints of the hands, feet, wrists, knees and intervertebral neck joints are simultaneously affected. The disease progresses gradually.
Inflammatory processes in the knee joint may occur due to:
Symptoms of such diseases include pain during movements, knee swelling and inabilityfull extension of the leg.
To stop the inflammatory processes in the joint, you need to give him peace and apply ice. Further treatment depends on the cause of inflammation in the joint. With injuries and bruises prescribed painkillers and compresses of herbs.
The most common infectious disease of joints is infectious arthritis. This disease begins to develop when the infectious agent enters the body. This can occur with injuries or with the introduction of microbes through the blood.
Symptoms of infectious arthritis is the sharp pain that occurs during movement. Over time, a swelling develops over the joint. This disease can be accompanied by an increase in temperature and redness in the area of the lesion.
Infectious arthritis is treated by providing a rest joint and antimicrobial therapy.
Coxarthrosis has the second name of osteoarthrosis of the hip joint. This disease is the leader among degenerative-dystrophic diseases of the musculoskeletal system.
Symptoms of coxarthrosis are pain in the thigh and groin area, limping, stiffness of movements and atrophy of the muscles of the thigh.
In the early stages of coxarthrosis is treated with anti-inflammatory drugs and means for restoring cartilage. At the neglected stages, unfortunately, you can get rid of the problem only by replacing the damaged joint with an artificial one.
Synovitis is a joint disease that is characterized by the accumulation of fluid in the joint cavity. This disease often exposes the knee joint. But, it can also hit the ankle, elbow, wrist and other joints.
The causes of synovitis are trauma, infections, allergies, certain blood diseases, endocrine diseases and metabolic disorders.
Symptoms of the disease are: pain, joint enlargement in volume, general malaise and weakness. If there is a purulent infection at the same time( quite often), symptoms of general intoxication appear.
Bursitis can be caused by infections that affect the joint due to abrasions, bruises and other injuries. This disease is characterized by inflammation of the joints and the accumulation of fluid in them. Most often bursitis is prone, elbow and knee joint.
Symptoms of this disease include pain, fever, swelling in the affected area, general malaise, nausea, etc.
Treating bursitis with rest, analgesics, Vishnevsky ointment, etc.
Diseases of joints in children can develop due to natural growth of the body. And also when getting injuries: stretching, fractures, dislocations, etc. Also, joint diseases in children can be infectious.
In order to avoid joint pain in old age, they need to be protected from youth. The prevention of the described problem is based on three components:
For the treatment of joints in specialized institutions the following methods are used:
For the treatment of inflammatory processes in joints, antibiotics are used. For example, "Minocycline" .This drug quickly and effectively acts on the hearth of the disease, helps to remove puffiness and stiffness. In addition, the active substances that make up Minocycline slow the destruction of cartilage. This remedy is indicated for inflammatory or infectious arthritis.
Calcium is the basis of bone tissue. Without a normal level of this macronutrient in the body, it is impossible to have healthy joints. In bones, as in any other tissues of the body, there is a continuous process of renewal. New cells replace old ones.
In this case, calcium is used, which enters the body with food. By the way, for the assimilation of this macronutrient, vitamin D is needed, so when choosing products or artificial additives for your diet, you need to increase the amount of this vitamin.
IMPORTANT: Calcium is needed not only for joints, but for blood. If it is not enough in the body, it will be "taken away" from the bones. Making them weak and fragile. Therefore, for the health of the musculoskeletal system, it is necessary to take into account the amount of this macroelement coming from food. If it is deficient in products, you need to replenish calcium with various drugs. For example, "Calcemin" or "Calcium D3 Nycomed" .
Sports medicine is closely related to the treatment and prevention of joint diseases. Athletes are experiencing heavy loads and the first to "ask for help" are the joints.
There is a mass of sports supplements to help ligaments and cartilages. The best of these are the additives based on glucosamine .This substance in the body is responsible for the production of an emergency protein, which "patch" the damaged cartilaginous tissues.
Take glucosamine courses for 6-8 weeks 2-3 times a year. The daily dosage is 1500 to 2000 mg.
Another building protein of cartilaginous tissues is called chondroitin .It is not so popular with manufacturers of sports nutrition as glucosamine. But, and on its basis, you can find supplements to restore joints.
The molecule of chondroitin is an important problem. It carries the water to the joints. If joints are missing the right amount of water, they will quickly wear out. Drugs with chondroitin( produced from porcine, shark and whale cartilage) take 800-1200 mg daily in the period of high physical exertion in the morning and afternoon during meals.
Cream, among the components of which is glucosamine and chondroitin, an excellent remedy for the restoration of cartilage and bone tissue. It can be used for fractures, diseases of the joints and spine. Today, you can buy a lot of funds of this kind.
It is used by almost all athletes who work with burdening. Some even prefer veterinary creams because of the greater concentration of active ingredients. For example, "Alesan" .
Regular exercise with physical activity helps to prolong youthful joints. There is a mass of exercises to strengthen the moving parts of the musculoskeletal system.
Folk medicine can offer a variety of means for the treatment of joints.
For arthrosis, one must eat dishes that contain collagen in large amounts. This fibrillar protein is the basis of the cartilaginous tissue. The chill is the champion in the content of this substance. Therefore, for arthrosis and for the prevention of joint diseases, it is necessary to include this legendary dish in your diet.
In patients with joints, honey-based remedies can be used. To do this, use honey massage of the sick places. For greater effect, they can be preheated with a hot-water bottle. After 10 procedures, the pain should go away.
Tincture with honey is another popular tool used to treat the problems described. For its preparation you need to mix half a glass of radish juice, a glass of honey, half a glass of vodka and a tablespoon of table salt. This tincture should be taken daily before bedtime to 50 ml and rub it into the affected joints.
Gelatin is a good alternative to porcine cartilage, which is not so long ago widely used for the restoration of cartilaginous tissue. But, unlike gelatin, excessive use of such cartilage harms the body. It is found that this product can increase the level of cholesterol in the blood. Gelatin has no such side effect.
IMPORTANT: Gelatin can be used not only for the treatment of joints, but also a violation of the water-salt balance. Gelatin helps to remove the viscosity of bile, which reduces the risk of stones.
Gelatin for strengthening joints and ligaments is taken daily. The daily dosage is 10 grams. It should be divided into two parts and taken in the morning and in the evening. Gelatin before use dissolve in a glass of water or make jelly.
RECIPE. Another tool based on gelatin for strengthening joints. To make it, you need to take 2/3 cup of milk, 2 teaspoons of gelatin, 2 tbsp.spoons of honey. The ingredients must be mixed and insisted for an hour. This mixture is then heated until the gelatin is dissolved. You need to use this remedy three times a week for a month.
Ilya. Somewhere I heard that in onions and garlic contains a substance that activates the body's production of enzymes that protect and repair the joint. Therefore, I advise everyone, there is a bow and especially garlic. After all, there are other useful substances there.
Alexandra. And I'm being treated with honey. I rub them with painful joints, wrap them with gauze and leave them for the night. But, here the main thing is not to overtighten the joint. Otherwise, the blood circulation will be disturbed and become even worse.
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