Means for temperature for children. Instructions for use

Each mother faced a problem of fever in a child. Children get sick, and infectious diseases often occur with a rise in temperature. The question arises: is it necessary to bring down the temperature? And if you shoot down, how to do it right?

Contents of

  • When is it necessary to give a child antipyretic drugs?
  • Rules for taking antipyretics
  • Antipyretic drugs for children - instructions
  • Prohibited for children antipyretics
  • Folk remedies for children's temperature
  • Tips for children's temperature
  • Video: What do specialists say about the high temperature of a child?
  • Video: Increase in body temperature in a child - Dr. Komarovsky

On the one hand, a high temperature signals the body's readiness to resist a viral or bacterial infection and it successfully copes with this task. On the other hand, too high a temperature is dangerous for a child, especially for a child under 3 years old.

Pediatricians claim that temperatures up to 38º are not necessary to knock

down.

When is it necessary to give a child antipyretic drugs?

Antipyretics are mandatory in the following cases:

  • The temperature has risen above 39 degrees, the
  • temperature has risen above 38 degrees in a child up to 3 months, the
  • in a child has difficulty breathing, the
  • has a nervous system, cardiac or pulmonary pathology,
  • previouslythe child had seizures on the background of high fever,
  • , the child had profuse vomiting or diarrhea( fluid loss).

Rules for taking antipyretics

Paracetamol and Ibuprofen have been recognized as the safest antipyretic agents to date.

Even using the safest antipyretic - Paracetamol in candles or suspensions, it is necessary to clearly follow the instructions for use, observe the dosage and the frequency of admission.

Children under 3 months of age should be given antipyretics only after consultation with the pediatrician.

IMPORTANT: Antipyretics should not be taken "just in case", regardless of the temperature, several times a day. In the case of a persistent temperature increase, the next dose of the drug may be taken no earlier than 4 hours after the previous dose. The intake of antipyretics should not exceed three days without further consultation with the pediatrician. It is important to remember that taking antipyretics is a symptomatic therapy, and it is necessary first of all to treat the underlying disease, that is, the very cause that caused the temperature rise in the child.

When choosing a remedy for temperature, first of all, be guided by the age of the child, the presence of concomitant diseases( allergies), as well as the form of the drug substance.
Chewable tablets, syrups, potions act faster than other forms - after 15-20 minutes. Candles reduce the temperature not so fast, on average after 40 minutes, but they are simply irreplaceable if the child refuses to take the medicine orally or is very vomiting. Sweet syrups are not indicated for use if the child has a tendency to allergic reactions.

IMPORTANT: If, in addition to raising the temperature, the baby has a severe stomach ache and there are no symptoms of a cold, it is necessary to urgently call for an ambulance, without giving antipyretic and analgesic means to not lubricate the clinical picture of the disease, for example, in case of acute appendicitis.

Urgently call a doctor should be given at a high temperature, accompanied by

  • severe pallor and sweating of the skin,
  • skin rashes,
  • convulsions,
  • vomiting, diarrhea,
  • breathing disorder( difficult, shallow, rapid breathing),
  • signs of dehydration( rare urination, unpleasantodor, acetone odor),
  • a drastic deterioration after some improvement.

Antipyretic drugs for children -

instructions

Paracetamol as an antipyretic agent is prescribed most often.
Analogues: Efferalgan , Panadol , Kalpol , Dolomol , Meksalen , Tylenol , Dofalgan .
The drug is available in tablets, capsules, candles, suspensions, syrup.
Dosage of the drug: from the calculation of 10-15 mg / kg for one dose, the daily dose should not be above 60 mg / kg. Re-use after 4 hours, possibly after 2 hours with severe hyperthermia.
Suspensions act faster than tablets, so doctors recommend paracetamol to children in liquid form.
Paracetamol is contraindicated in the period of newborns, with hypersensitivity to the drug, with caution used for viral hepatitis, renal and hepatic insufficiency, diabetes mellitus. May cause an allergic reaction.

Ibuprofen as an antipyretic is less safe, but more effective.
Analogues: Nurofen , Ibufen .
Assigned from the calculation of 10 mg per kg of body weight. Ibuprofen refers to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, it permanently knocks down the temperature, but has many contraindications and side effects.
Contraindicated in allergic diseases, up to 3 years it is prescribed with caution, it is not prescribed for diseases of the blood, liver, kidneys, diseases of the gastrointestinal sphere.

effective means to lower the temperature is Nemisulid ( Nimesil , Nemuleks , Nimid , Nise , nimulid ), but children under 12 years of age, it is contraindicated, since clinical trials of the drug are insufficient.

Viburkol - homeopathic preparation, pediatricians assign it to small children in the form of candles for any respiratory infections as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory agent.
In an acute period, viburkola candles are used every 15-20 minutes for 2 hours, until the condition improves, then 1 candle 2-3 times a day.children of the 1st month of life are prescribed a quarter of a candle 4-6 times a day. Up to 6 months - 2 candles per day in the acute period, then half a candle twice a day. The course of taking the drug is from 3 days to 2 weeks according to the doctor's prescription.

Prohibited for children antipyretics

Babies do not prescribe aspirin( Aspirin ), Amidopyrine , Analgin ( Metamizol sodium ), Phenacetin , Antipyrin and other agents based on them.

Popular remedies for children's temperature

Among the popular antipyretic drugs, especially in spite of the doctors' warnings, they use rubbing. Rastirayut child with alcohol, vodka, vinegar, cold cloth.

Warning! Any rubbing of the skin of a fevering child is contraindicated!

Reasons for not rastirat child :

  • When rubbing the child with cooling liquids and even just a cold towel there is a spasm of peripheral vessels, the process of blood circulation in the skin is sharply disrupted, and heat loss is reduced, that is, instead of cooling the organism, the reverse process occurs.
  • Alcohol-containing fluids during the grinding of children's skin are actively absorbed and this is fraught with poisoning the body.
  • You can wipe the temperature-sensing baby only with a towel soaked in room-temperature water and provided that the child is well tolerated. Scream and resistance will negate all efforts and increase the temperature even more.

Of folk remedies at a temperature you can use enema .Hyperthermia provokes absorption from the lower intestine of toxic waste, so cleaning the intestines with an enema will prevent the development of intoxication of the body and will contribute to a slight decrease in temperature.
Warm water will quickly absorb with harmful substances, so put an enema with salt solution from the calculation of 1 h spoon of salt for 1 glass of warm water.

In addition to cool compresses on the forehead of the child, it is possible to make cabbage compresses .Shrink cabbage leaves with boiling water, beat off, cool and apply, often changing.

Closely monitor the state of the child and if you suspect that the baby is worse and the listed funds do not help, do not delay, urgently seek help from specialists.

Tips for children's temperature

The right non-medicament methods for reducing temperature are as follows :

  • Fresh cool air in the room .Often ventilate the room. The optimum temperature is about 20 degrees Celsius.
  • The air in the room must be wet .The child loses a lot of fluid in the dry air, the inflamed mucous membranes of the nasal and oral cavity dry up. The best option is to use an air humidifier( 60% moisture is best).If there is no humidifier, hang wet towels or sheets in the room.
  • Drink frequently the child .Heat output increases with frequent urination, sweating, and breathing. Feed the baby in small portions, often, the drinks should not be cold and not hot. Water, tea with lemon, fruit drinks, compotes, freshly diluted juices, medicinal herbs, raspberries, linden - all these drinks will be useful for a tempering baby.
  • If the child refuses food - do not forcibly feed .Digestion raises body temperature and causes the body, already working in the emergency mode, to lose even more strength. Offer light food to the child, but do not insist on her compulsory admission.
  • Do not bundle up the child .When the temperature is raised, he is very hot, panties and a T-shirt - the best option. When the temperature of the baby rises, it needs to be covered.
  • The child's organism is arranged in a special way and if an adult at high temperature will lie in bed, the baby can play, run and jump. Excessive motor activity overheats an already overheated organism, so the child needs to be reassured, to sit down, to read to him books. Do not think that the activity of a sick child means that everything is fine.

Video: What do specialists say about the high temperature of a child?

Video: Increase in body temperature in a child - Dr. Komarovsky

  • May 30, 2018
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