Each mother faced a problem of fever in a child. Children get sick, and infectious diseases often occur with a rise in temperature. The question arises: is it necessary to bring down the temperature? And if you shoot down, how to do it right?
On the one hand, a high temperature signals the body's readiness to resist a viral or bacterial infection and it successfully copes with this task. On the other hand, too high a temperature is dangerous for a child, especially for a child under 3 years old.
Pediatricians claim that temperatures up to 38º are not necessary to knock
Antipyretics are mandatory in the following cases:
Paracetamol and Ibuprofen have been recognized as the safest antipyretic agents to date.
Even using the safest antipyretic - Paracetamol in candles or suspensions, it is necessary to clearly follow the instructions for use, observe the dosage and the frequency of admission.
Children under 3 months of age should be given antipyretics only after consultation with the pediatrician.
IMPORTANT: Antipyretics should not be taken "just in case", regardless of the temperature, several times a day. In the case of a persistent temperature increase, the next dose of the drug may be taken no earlier than 4 hours after the previous dose. The intake of antipyretics should not exceed three days without further consultation with the pediatrician. It is important to remember that taking antipyretics is a symptomatic therapy, and it is necessary first of all to treat the underlying disease, that is, the very cause that caused the temperature rise in the child.
When choosing a remedy for temperature, first of all, be guided by the age of the child, the presence of concomitant diseases( allergies), as well as the form of the drug substance.
Chewable tablets, syrups, potions act faster than other forms - after 15-20 minutes. Candles reduce the temperature not so fast, on average after 40 minutes, but they are simply irreplaceable if the child refuses to take the medicine orally or is very vomiting. Sweet syrups are not indicated for use if the child has a tendency to allergic reactions.
IMPORTANT: If, in addition to raising the temperature, the baby has a severe stomach ache and there are no symptoms of a cold, it is necessary to urgently call for an ambulance, without giving antipyretic and analgesic means to not lubricate the clinical picture of the disease, for example, in case of acute appendicitis.
Urgently call a doctor should be given at a high temperature, accompanied by
Paracetamol as an antipyretic agent is prescribed most often.
Analogues: Efferalgan , Panadol , Kalpol , Dolomol , Meksalen , Tylenol , Dofalgan .
The drug is available in tablets, capsules, candles, suspensions, syrup.
Dosage of the drug: from the calculation of 10-15 mg / kg for one dose, the daily dose should not be above 60 mg / kg. Re-use after 4 hours, possibly after 2 hours with severe hyperthermia.
Suspensions act faster than tablets, so doctors recommend paracetamol to children in liquid form.
Paracetamol is contraindicated in the period of newborns, with hypersensitivity to the drug, with caution used for viral hepatitis, renal and hepatic insufficiency, diabetes mellitus. May cause an allergic reaction.
Ibuprofen as an antipyretic is less safe, but more effective.
Analogues: Nurofen , Ibufen .
Assigned from the calculation of 10 mg per kg of body weight. Ibuprofen refers to non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, it permanently knocks down the temperature, but has many contraindications and side effects.
Contraindicated in allergic diseases, up to 3 years it is prescribed with caution, it is not prescribed for diseases of the blood, liver, kidneys, diseases of the gastrointestinal sphere.
effective means to lower the temperature is Nemisulid ( Nimesil , Nemuleks , Nimid , Nise , nimulid ), but children under 12 years of age, it is contraindicated, since clinical trials of the drug are insufficient.
Viburkol - homeopathic preparation, pediatricians assign it to small children in the form of candles for any respiratory infections as an antipyretic and anti-inflammatory agent.
In an acute period, viburkola candles are used every 15-20 minutes for 2 hours, until the condition improves, then 1 candle 2-3 times a day.children of the 1st month of life are prescribed a quarter of a candle 4-6 times a day. Up to 6 months - 2 candles per day in the acute period, then half a candle twice a day. The course of taking the drug is from 3 days to 2 weeks according to the doctor's prescription.
Babies do not prescribe aspirin( Aspirin ), Amidopyrine , Analgin ( Metamizol sodium ), Phenacetin , Antipyrin and other agents based on them.
Among the popular antipyretic drugs, especially in spite of the doctors' warnings, they use rubbing. Rastirayut child with alcohol, vodka, vinegar, cold cloth.
Warning! Any rubbing of the skin of a fevering child is contraindicated!
Reasons for not rastirat child :
Of folk remedies at a temperature you can use enema .Hyperthermia provokes absorption from the lower intestine of toxic waste, so cleaning the intestines with an enema will prevent the development of intoxication of the body and will contribute to a slight decrease in temperature.
Warm water will quickly absorb with harmful substances, so put an enema with salt solution from the calculation of 1 h spoon of salt for 1 glass of warm water.
In addition to cool compresses on the forehead of the child, it is possible to make cabbage compresses .Shrink cabbage leaves with boiling water, beat off, cool and apply, often changing.
Closely monitor the state of the child and if you suspect that the baby is worse and the listed funds do not help, do not delay, urgently seek help from specialists.
The right non-medicament methods for reducing temperature are as follows :
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