In this article we will talk about seborrhea. Its types, signs, methods of treatment.
Seborrhea - a complex of dermatological diseases, is a result of a malfunction of the sebaceous glands. Causes of ailment - stress, disorders of internal organs, hormonal failure, improper care. Seborrhea can manifest itself on the scalp, face, rarely on other parts of the body.
The hairy part of the head of a patient with seborrhea has the following symptoms:
Only three types:
Signs of this species are:
Oily seborrhea can be liquid and thick.
Liquid seborrhea is diagnosed more often than dense seborrhea. The danger of this type is increased hair loss and baldness in the future.
The difference between liquid seborrhea and thick is the consistency of the secreted fat. If the affected area is pinned, white contents are allocated from the ducts. It seems that the hair is oiled. After degreasing, the greasy secret soon reappears.
With this seborrhoea, the sebaceous glands are not sufficiently active. Because of this, the upper layer of the epidermis is dehydrated and small dandruff appears.
Dry seborrhea is not uncommon in children.
Seboroids are red spots that affect individual skin areas. These are the characteristic signs of dry seborrhea.
With mixed seborrhea on the face develops oily seborrhea, and on the scalp - dry. In addition, mixed seborrhea can be characterized by dry and oily symptoms on the same site.
Complications of any seborrhea is a fungal infection. As a result of the disease, the barrier functions of the skin are violated, in this connection there is a favorable environment for the reproduction of fungal microorganisms.
IMPORTANT: Fungal lesions are difficult to treat, can be transmitted to other people and bring a lot of physical and psychological troubles.
Treatment of seborrhea should be coordinated with a dermatologist or trichologist. In addition to these specialists, it is necessary to visit an endocrinologist, a gynecologist( women) and andrologist( men), a neuropathologist. Medicamentous treatment includes external therapy, general strengthening of the body and treatment of the original cause.
A special treatment corresponds to the different types of seborrhea.
Oily seborrhea :
External treatment is the normalization of the external level of sebaceous fat. That is, washing the head with a special shampoo, wiping the skin with a solution of soda, salicylic acid. Also shown are powders-antiseptics - talc, zinc oxide.
The doctor may prescribe antibiotics in the form of injections, tablets. In addition, funds are allocated to normalize the work of the nervous system, as well as a number of vitamins.
Dry seborrhea :
Shown procedures: physiotherapy, hydrogen sulphide baths, UV irradiation.
External treatment is the use of ointments, lotions or creams.
Oily seborrhea :
Dry seborrhea :
Vaseline oil helps a lot. Apply it before going to bed, and in the morning comb out together with crusts, then smear the skin with sulfuric salicylic ointment.
For oily and dry seborrhea, the body needs the following vitamins:
multivitamins are prescribed - preparations with a complex of essential vitamins and mineral compounds.
A doctor in a complex treatment prescribes vitamins in the form of injections.
Folk remedies are aimed at relieving itching and irritation. This applies to both oily and dry seborrhea. In addition, there is an antibacterial effect.
To combat an unpleasant disease folk methods may not be enough. The disease is complex and can be eliminated only by complex therapy.
Soap Soap or Shampoo is a natural antiseptic that will help soothe irritated skin.
Recipes of infusions :
There are also folk remedies for taking inside. They are designed to calm the nervous system, a malfunction that is one of the possible causes of the disease:
Onion : chop one medium bulb, add 1 egg, 1 tsp.honey. Apply the mixture on the skin, warm it, soak for 1 hour. Then wash in the usual way with shampoo.
Onion masks are applied by the course for 2-3 months 2 times a week.
Garlic-nettle : chop the garlic together with the leaves of the nettle. This mixture is applied to the affected foci, after 20 minutes, rinse.
After washing, rinse your hair with decoction of the bark of oak, burdock, chamomile, birch buds. This will have a beneficial effect on the skin and hair.
Add essential oils to masks, broths for rinsing.
This disease does not assign any special diet. Doctors usually recommend avoiding oily, salty, spicy, sweet foods. You should drink more water, eat fresh fruit and vegetables, reduce the amount of alcohol to a minimum. In general, adhere to the rules of healthy eating.
In combination with other drugs, special shampoos are often prescribed. Their purpose is:
For the treatment of dry seborrhea, choose shampoos with the main active ingredient:
For oily seborrhoids, shampoos with thosesame active substances.
The names of antiseboric shampoos: Sulsen, Skin-Cap, Nizoral, Mycosoril, Ketoconazole.
To wash the head with therapeutic shampoos should be no more than 1-2 times a week. Sometimes the doctor recommends alternating them. For example, once on the basis of ketoconazole, the second - zinc. The course of shampoo should not exceed 1 month.
Often the disease appears in children up to a year. The causes of her appearance is mama's malnutrition( in the case of breastfeeding), an unsuitable mixture or an unsuitable hygienic product( soap, shampoo).
If a baby has a crust on her head, you should immediately eliminate possible causative factors. It happens that seborrhea in babies passes by itself. Minor affected areas should be moistened with oil and combed with a soft brush. But it's better to go to the pediatrician. Sometimes seborrhea can be started, and it will appear on other parts of the body.
Do not tighten with combing the crusts in babies. Without proper care, seborrhea can spread to other places.
Catherine : I have had a long dandruff for a long time, poured like snow. My friend advised me to buy Sulsen. Indeed, dandruff has passed. Just need to take both shampoo and paste.
Gleb : I advise not to engage in self-medication, otherwise hair loss may begin. First check the internal organs, especially the liver. Descend or go to trihologu and the endocrinologist.
Olga : I am treating seborrhea for a long time. What just did not try, the result is temporary. I go from a dermatologist to a cosmetologist. It will be necessary to go to other specialists. Plus I treat myself with folk remedies. For myself, I concluded that you need not be nervous and eat the right food.
Coping with seborrhea is not easy, but this does not mean that it is not worth treating. If you do not treat the disease, the situation will only worsen. We wish you health!
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