The article will tell you in detail about what probiotics are, why they are needed and how to distinguish them from prebiotics.
Probiotics are microorganisms that can quickly restore the intestinal microflora and have a positive effect on the entire body. With certainty it can be said that probiotics are not only useful, but also vitally important for the body. The duty of probiotics is to improve the digestion of nutrients in the intestines that are found in food.
All probiotics can be divided into two groups:
These are the groups of microorganisms that are in probiotics. It is important to understand that depending on the manufacturer, each preparation may contain more or less useful bacteria( in different proportions).For this reason, the doctor can prescribe to the patient the use of different medications, depending on the problem. The probiotic is not a panacea for all problems, it should be used correctly so that the drug really helps.
The probiotic has several actions:
IMPORTANT: Probiotics do not allow reproduction of "harmful" bacteria, eliminating their life-giving products. Probiotics form a special protective shell on the mucosa and therefore pathogenic microorganisms simply can not attach to the walls of the intestine. This is what is the prevention of dysbiosis in humans( poisoning).
Probiotics help to create the "right" microflora in the body, which helps to suppress pathogens. Among other things, probiotics allow you to digest protein, strengthen the immune system and participate in the digestive process. We can safely say that the more "rich" the microflora of the human intestine for beneficial bacteria, the stronger is its health.
INTERESTING: During pregnancy, probiotics are useful in helping to maintain the health of not only women, but also the fetus. A healthy organism is protected from premature birth and has strong immunity, the woman does not suffer from inflammatory diseases, gynecological problems and pathologies, infections.
Human immunity is formed precisely in the intestine and therefore it is important to form a normal, healthy microflora in it. It is important not to take drugs with beneficial bacteria on your own, but listen to the doctor's recommendations. Because of the wrong balance of microorganisms in the intestine, you may not get the benefit and even achieve a deterioration in health.
Probiotics is a complex of microorganisms, which contain "useful" bacteria, yeast fungi and some varieties of non-pathogenic E. coli. The lack of probiotics is determined by the analysis of feces. A probiotic is prescribed in cases of dysbacteriosis, acute respiratory viral infection, avitominosis, immune diseases, influenza, parasite infestation, intoxication.
Prebiotics are special components in food that stimulate the increase of "beneficial" bacteria in the intestines. Prebiotics can not be absorbed and not absorbed. Prebiotics are a nutrient medium for a probiotic. Simply put, the use of prebiotics improves the growth of probiotics, which means better health and work of the digestive tract.
Where contain prebiotics:
Prebiotics should in no case promote the propagation of pathogenic bacteria. Always pay attention to the composition of the drug with prebiotics and do not take one that has starch. The best and most effective prebiotic is that based on inulin.
Antibiotics are drugs that "kill" the intestinal microflora( both "good" bacteria and pathogens).That is why to restore the balance of microorganisms in the intestines, responsible for human health, by taking probiotics. There are several strict rules that require strict adherence to the receipt of these medications and help you determine which particular remedy should be taken.
In the selection it is important to pay attention to such nuances:
As with adults, for children, the choice of probiotic depends only on what antibiotic treatment was used and what kind of intestinal microflora is present after the course of treatment( determined by the analysis of feces).Choosing the wrong probiotic, which parents often do on their own, can lead to unpleasant consequences and a long recovery of the child.
IMPORTANT: Each parent should record all cases when the child was treated with an antibiotic. This will allow the doctor to determine the child's tolerability of certain drugs and adjust the effective treatment. During the intake of antibiotics and probiotics, the child should follow a strict diet, which will help him to quickly restore health.
If the intestinal microflora is disturbed, this imbalance leads to a lot of unpleasant consequences for the person:
Infectious diarrhea( ie, diarrhea that occurs due to infection by pathogens) always occurs due to rotavirus infection. It is possible to get rid of the cause of the disease only by suppressing the "harmful" flora. However, it is impossible to recover if the normal and healthy intestinal microflora is not restored. That's why a probiotic is prescribed.
Probiotics are available in several forms:
IMPORTANT: All preparations contain dried "useful" bacteria.
List of the best probiotics:
Getting rid of such an unpleasant phenomenon as constipation, can be produced by taking probiotics. These drugs contain a number of living and "useful" bacteria, which restore and normalize the microflora in the intestine, which is necessary for normal vital activity and defecation. It is worth noting that the treatment of constipation with probiotics can be very long. But, in any cases, it turns out to be effective.
Probiotics are indicated for:
best "good" bacteria to get rid of constipation:
With constipation, it is difficult for a person to get rid of the products of his life. This gives not only a feeling of discomfort, but also a lot of unpleasant symptoms: pain, flatulence, poor appetite. To get rid of them will help symbiosis of probiotics and prebiotics( cultures of micro-organisms that exert a positive influence on the chair, softening it).
The most popular formulations for constipation:
Preparations for the newborn, which help to stimulate the digestion process, are completely harmless to health. However, it is important to know that choosing a probiotic to your child yourself is a crime. Correct treatment and choice of funds should only the children's doctor, focusing on the symptoms and tests.
IMPORTANT: Not all probiotics available in the assortment of pharmacies are allowed for use by an infant, because their effect on the children's organism has not been studied so far.
What are the drugs allowed for infants:
This drug is one of the most popular probiotics. It is produced only in the form of capsules, which are covered with a coating on top. Most often, "Maxillac" prescribed after a long course of antibiotic treatment to restore all the vital bacteria in the intestines.
Often, "Maxilak" is used to treat dysbiosis and digestive disorders. In a day should take only 1 capsule. Contraindications for the use of "Maxilake" is not, but in some cases there may be an individual sensitivity to the components of the drug.
This preparation is available only in the form of a powder, its action is to eliminate all possible abnormalities of the digestive system and adjust the digestive system. Reception "Vetom" usually consists of 3 receptions per day for 7-10 days. It does not give any side effect, but people with high sensitivity still need to be careful.
This is a popular tool not only to combat dysbacteriosis, but also to improve immunity during ARVI, as well as to eliminate allergies( due to strengthening immunity).The preparation looks in the form of capsules. It is important to know that his reception is allowed only from the age of 19 and only those who do not have a high allergic sensitivity to individual components."Super 8" is unique in that in one capsule the drug has more than 40 billion "useful" bacteria. Daily rate - 1 capsule per day, which should be taken only on a full stomach.
A popular probiotic that has several forms of release: tablets( capsules), sachets of powder and bottles of liquid concentrate."Narine" effectively eliminates any intestinal disorders caused by dysbiosis or poisoning.
Many people use the drug as a general restorative. The course of treatment with this drug is from 2 weeks to 1 month, the doctor adjusts the dose of "Narine" per day( 2 or 3 capsules).It should be noted that people with high sensitivity to the components of this remedy may experience a side effect in the form of a quickened stool.
Enterol is the most common drug that is prescribed after a course of antibiotic treatment. Enterol effectively eliminates diarrhea, which occurs as a result of dysbiosis, because of the usual food poisoning. Most often, the drug is prescribed 2 or 3 capsules per day( depends on the nature of the problem and age).
"Enterol" has strict contraindications, for example, it can not be drunk to those who have poor glucose metabolism. Also, the drug should be abandoned to pregnant and lactating women. Another disadvantage of the drug is the possible side effects, which are manifested by nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain, but the drug with side effects is not canceled.
This series of drugs refers to the care cosmetics of the probiotic complex. Each remedy is designed to establish that microflora, which is present on the skin of each person and thereby strengthen "skin immunity".Any remedy can cause an allergic reaction in sensitive people. Jars with soap, whey, or cream should be kept away from sunlight.
The most common and popular means of a probiotic complex. The drug is available only in the form of white capsules."Linex" - an effective tool for getting rid of any dysbiosis, poisoning and digestive disorders. Contraindications for the use of this drug is not, as well as side effects.
This preparation has many forms of release: tablets( capsules), sachets of powder, liquid concentrate( drops), ampoules and even candles."Bifidumbacterin" is intended to improve all metabolic processes, normalize the work of the intestines and relieve dysbiosis, strengthen immunity. The daily dose of the drug is adjusted by the doctor( from 15 to 60 drops per day, the number of capsules or powder).Special contraindications and side effects from taking the remedy were not revealed.
The drug is available in several convenient forms: sachets with powder for breeding, capsules or chewable tablets for children."Bifiform" helps restore intestinal function after dysbacteriosis or treatment with antibiotics. It also strengthens the immune system and fights against infectious diseases. Side effects of the drug is not, it is well tolerated and has no contraindications.
Probiotic - Florin Forte: indications, instructions for use
This preparation is available only as a powder for dilution in a liquid. It is necessary for fighting acute infectious diseases, treating poisoning and dysbiosis. The doctor adjusts the daily intake rate, depending on your problem and age. Side effects of "Florina Forte" was not revealed, as well as contraindications.
The drug "Hilak Forte" is available only in the form of liquid drops, which must be added to the drink. The product qualitatively and quickly regulates the work of the intestine, restores its microflora. Strict contraindications for the use of the drug is not, but if a person has increased sensitivity to the components, still there may be constipation or diarrhea, an allergic reaction to the skin.
Modern preparation "Primadofilus" is available in two convenient forms: capsules and powder( for dilution in liquid).The remedy helps to "tidy up" the work of the intestine after taking an antibiotic or poisoning. The dose of the drug should be strictly adjusted by the doctor, since "Primadofilus" has a predisposition to cause an allergic reaction in sensitive people.
This probiotic is available only in one convenient form - capsules. Drink a day follows 1 or 2 capsules( depends on how big the problem of your intestines work).The drug effectively and qualitatively overcomes the problems and diseases of the digestive tract. It is important to know that you can not drink the drug during pregnancy and lactation, as well as people with a high predisposition to allergic reactions.
Probiotics are live microorganisms that can be found in dairy and fermented milk products. The most useful probiotics can be found in kefir, yoghurt or leaven. The microflora of the intestine is very rich and it is she who is responsible for the strong immunity and good health of a person.
Live kefir or yogurt is filled with a lot of lacto- and bifidobacteria, which are necessary for a normal digestive process. If you drink kefir every day, this will help you to normalize the balance of "useful" bacteria in the intestines, avoid dysbiosis, stool disorder and other problems.
IMPORTANT: Live bacteria die at elevated temperatures, so drink a fermented milk product should only be cold or not above room temperature.
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