Laryngitis has another name - a false croup. But its essence is one - inflammation of the mucous larynx. It often occurs in the winter and spring time. Its pathogens are bacteria and viruses. Most often they suffer from children, but adults, too, does not ignore their attention. Doctors for the treatment of laryngitis prescribe antibiotics, which successfully eliminate infections and prevent complications.

Content

  • 1 Antibiotics laryngitis in adults
    • 1.1 Fluoroquinolones
      • 1.1.1 Moxifloxacin
      • 1.1.2 Levoflaksatsin
    • 1.2 penicillins
      • 1.2.1 Ampicillin
      • 1.2.2 Bioparox
    • 1.3 Cephalosporins
      • 1.3.1 Ceftriaxone
    • 1.4 Macrolides
      • 1.4.1 Clarithromycin
  • 2 Preparations for children
    • 2.1 Amoxicillin
      • 2.1.1 Application
    • 2.2 Oxacillin
      • 2.2.1 Application
    • 2.3 Cefixim
      • 2.3.1 When

Antibiotics for laryngitis in adults

This disease occurs along with colds and infectious diseases, rarely occurs on its own. The causes of its occurrence include: bad habits, hypothermia, the state of ecology and laryngeal stress( during singing, screaming or loud conversation).Correctly selected antibiotics can accelerate recovery, remove inflammation and restore the throat. The link describes the signs of laryngitis in adults.

antibiotics with laryngitis

For adults, four groups of antibiotics are prescribed: fluoroquinolones, penicillins, cephalosporins and macrolides.

Fluoroquinolones

These antimicrobials, penetrating the body, inhibit the vital activity of the enzymes of microbial cells, of which the infection consists and this leads to a gradual elimination of the infection itself.

Moxifloxacin

Moxifloxacin is a systemic drug of a wide spectrum of action. Has a pronounced antibacterial effect on the body. It blocks at once two enzymes that affect the properties of DNA and lead to the death of the pathogen. This antibiotic successfully eliminates anaerobes, staphylococci, acid-fast and atypical bacteria. In pharmacies, his package of five tablets can be purchased for 860 rubles. Each contains 400 mg of moxifloxacin hydrochloride.

On the photo-antibiotic used for laryngitis Moxifloxacin:

Moxifloxacin

Application. The drug is taken orally daily for one tablet. Its use is not related to eating. The drug does not chew, but is washed down with a lot of water. The course of treatment is prescribed by a doctor. Usually it lasts not less than a week.

It can not be used by children under the age of 18 years.

Levoflaxacin

Levoflaxacin is an antibiotic that blocks the work of enzymes necessary for the synthesis of bacterial DNA.This leads to consequences incompatible for the life of microbes. They not only lose the opportunity to reproduce, but die completely. Levofloxacin

It is produced in tablets. One package contains 10 pieces at a price of 615 rubles.

Application. Levoflaxacin is prescribed for oral administration one or two times a day before meals. Sometimes it is allowed to drink in between. The tablet should be swallowed completely without chewing and drinking with a glass of clean water. If necessary, they can assign a half tablet, then it can be broken along the dividing strip. The duration of the course depends on the severity of the ongoing disease, but not less than 10 days.

Penicillins

They consist of a synthetically produced product of the fungus mold, which adversely affects many harmful bacteria. These drugs suppress the chemical reactions that are needed for the life of bacterial cells.

On photo-antibiotics penicillin with laryngitis in adults:

Penicillins

Ampicillin

Ampicillin is a semisynthetic antibiotic. It has a bactericidal action. It blocks transpeptidase enzymes in bacterial cell membranes. Effectively eliminates gram-positive and gram-negative harmful microorganisms and their anaerobic counterparts.

In the photo - antibiotic used with pharyngitis and laryngitis:

Ampicillin

Has a more than modest price.20 pieces of 250 mg tablets can be bought for 28 rubles.

Application of .This medicine is well absorbed when taken orally. Complete decomposition and subsequent exposure to the body occurs an hour after ingestion. The duration of treatment is set by the doctor for each patient individually, based on the severity of the disease, the localization of the infection and the nature of the pathogen.

Adults should take the drug four times a day for 250 to 500 mg at a time. For children, a single dose is 12.5 - 25 mg per kilogram of body weight. They take the drug every six hours.

Bioparox

Bioparox is a broad-spectrum antibiotic. Has a bacteriostatic effect on various harmful microorganisms, fungi, gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria, staphylococci and streptococci. It is able to be embedded in the membrane of microorganisms and to disrupt their synthesis by introducing liquid into the cells, thereby suppressing their work, reproduction and migration. Bioparox

It is used in the form of inhalations. A bottle with this drug can be bought for 485 rubles.

Application. Adults and children who reached the 12th age are prescribed four injections into the oral cavity. If it is used for the nose, then sprinkle twice in each nasal passage.

Children from 2.5 to 11 years old - two injections in the mouth and one in the nose, but also four times a day. For the mouth and nose, the kit contains the appropriate attachments.

Cephalosporins

These include bactericidal antibiotics that are capable of eliminating particularly resistant staphylococci, enterobacteria. They are well tolerated and do not cause allergic reactions.

Ceftriaxone

Ceftriaxone is an effective drug for streptococcus groups B, C, G, staphylococci, meningococcus, Klebsiella, proteus, intestinal and hemophilic rod and various infectious diseases. The drug acts on the cellular level, not allowing the membrane of the causative agent of the disease to be synthesized. When injected, it is quickly absorbed by the body, and then it is excreted through the kidneys or intestines after two days, you can tell that there is a rapid treatment. Cephalosporins

In pharmacies it can be purchased in the form of a powder for a solution. It is packaged in 1 gram in glass vials, the cost of one on average is 45 rubles.

Application. The drug is administered intramuscularly or intravenously. In the first case, half the vial is dissolved in 2 ml of water for injection. If you want to use the contents of the whole bubble, then take 3.5 ml of liquid.

For intravenous use, 0.5 ml of the powder is dissolved in 5 ml of specially water for injection. To dissolve one gram of it take 10 ml. It is necessary to inject the solution very slowly. There are cases when the drug should be used in a dropper, then 2 grams of powder is diluted in 40 ml of a solvent consisting of levulose, sodium chloride solution and glucose. A dropper is put on for half an hour.

The treatment regimen and dosage of the drug is prescribed by a doctor.

Macrolides

These antibiotics relate to compounds of natural origin and are characterized by safety and the lowest toxicity among analogues.

Clarithromycin

Clarithromycin - inhibits the synthesis of proteins in cells, acts bacteriostatically. Blister with 10 tablets of 250 mg can be purchased for 220 rubles. Clarithromycin is a series of laryngitis cure antibiotics

Application. Dosage is set for each individually. For adults and children after 12 years, a one-time intake is 0.25 - 1 gram. It is taken twice a day, regardless of food intake.

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Preparations for children

What antibiotics are suitable for children? The structure of the children's larynx differs from the adult. They have a large number of blood vessels, so the inflammation of this organ is so dangerous. It can cause swelling of the throat, and block air access. Therefore, laryngitis in children should be quickly treated to prevent its transition to a more acute form of the disease. Antibiotics are prescribed with extreme caution in order to avoid complications. Consider the most commonly used drugs.

Amoxicillin

Amoxicillin - is an antibiotic destroying bacteria that can eliminate gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria from the body, as well as some sticks( intestinal, salmonella, shigella).It can be resistant to microorganisms that destroy penicillin. Amoxicillin antibiotic for children

16 capsules of the drug at 500 mg can be purchased for 35 rubles.

Use of

It is consumed inside regardless of the meal. The dose and duration of the course is prescribed by the doctor. Usually adults take 500 mg three times a day. In acute forms of the disease, the dose is increased.

Dosage for children:

  • for up to 2 years in the calculation of 20 mg per 1 kg of the child's weight;
  • from 2 to 5 years for 125 mg;
  • from 5 to 10 years - 250 mg 3 times.

The course of taking the drug is from 5 to 12 days.

Oxacillin

This is a semi-synthetic penicillin. By its bactericidal action, it inhibits the synthesis of bacteria, especially those that produce the enzyme penicillinase. Eliminates most viruses, fungi, gram-negative bacteria. Oxacillin antibiotic for children

It is produced in powder and in tablets of 0, 25 g. The drug is packed in glass bottles, which contain 20 tablets and blisters of 10 pieces. The cost of the funds is 460 and 320 rubles, respectively. Powder for the preparation of the solution is sold in glass vials of 10 or 20 ml. The price of one small bottle is 10 rubles.

Use of

The tablet is ingested one hour before meals or two hours after it has been taken. The daily dose of a medicine for children from six years - 1 gram, and for adults - 3 grams.

Injections with this solution are made intramuscularly or intravenously. For children over 6 years of age and adults is assigned from 2 to 4 grams of the drug. Toddlers the daily dose is calculated by body weight:

  • to newborns - is determined from the account of 20-40 mg per 1 kg of weight;
  • for up to three months - 60 - 80 mg;
  • up to two years - 1 gram;
  • from 2 to 6 years - 2 g per kg of weight.

The solution is administered every 4 to 6 hours during the week. The solvent for the powder is a 0.9% solution of sodium chloride or water for injection.

Cefixime

This antimicrobial agent eliminates many harmful bacteria. In the pharmacy meets in the form of tablets and suspensions. The first type of medicine is presented in blisters. In each of them there are 10 oval pills. Their cost is 680 rubles. Powder in bottles of 25 grams can be bought for 640 rubles. Cefixime antibiotic for children

Use of

  • Tablets. Daily dose for children over 12 years of age and adults should not exceed 400 mg. The duration of the course is a week, sometimes it can reach 10 days. For children less than 12 years, the dose is determined based on the number of drug administration. If once, then 8 mg per kilogram of weight, and if every 12 hours, then 4 mg.
  • Suspension. For its preparation, the medicine in a vial is bred in boiled water. And it should be added gradually to the mark indicated on it. Before each use, the vial should be shaken. It is used before and after eating.

For children from 6 months to 12 years, the daily dose is 4 mg per 1 kg of body weight. Usually the course of treatment lasts from three to 14 days. Taking antibiotics with laryngitis is necessary to eliminate the cause of the disease. Dosage and treatment should be agreed with the doctor. In parallel, he must take drugs that will restore the intestinal microflora after using antibiotics. In addition to laryngitis, children may suffer from other diseases of the throat. Here the symptoms of tonsillitis in a child are described. Here you can read what antibiotic treatment of pharyngitis is possible.