In this article, let's talk about how to avoid spring avitaminosis. In addition, it will deal with serious diseases caused by a shortage of certain vitamins in the body.
Poor quality products, fast snack foods, inadequate intake of fruits and animal products do not pass unnoticed for the body. As a result of an unbalanced diet, avitaminosis may begin.
It is believed that avitaminosis is a seasonal phenomenon that appears only in early spring. In fact, avitaminosis can accompany a person all year round, in the spring there may be an exacerbation. We will understand what is avitaminosis and how to deal with it.
Avitaminosis is a disease that occurs as a result of a lack of vitamins in the body.
Symptoms of vitamin deficiency:
There are two conceptsvitamin deficiency and hypovitaminosis. They differ among themselves, and often one is issued for another.
In people, vitamin deficiency is called the lack of any vitamins in the body. But in medical terminology, the concept of beriberi means the complete absence of certain vitamins.
The lack of vitamins is hypovitaminosis .Avitaminosis is typical for people who have lived in the far north for a long time. In most cases, in our country, people manifest hypovitaminosis.
In winter, the consumption of fresh fruit is getting smaller. And the fruits that fall on our table are often devoid of enough vitamins. Most of the fruit on store shelves in winter comes from foreign countries.
Important: overseas fruits and vegetables are sent to us in an underserved form, besides they are treated with chemicals to preserve the presentation. As a result, fruits do not bring the expected benefits.
In addition to this, we are not much in the open air and practically devoid of solar heat. By spring, the supply of vitamins in the body is depleted, and it is not possible to complete the reserve in full, and therefore there is a hypovitaminosis.
Serious consequences as a result of vitamin deficiency in developed countries are extremely rare at the present time. Scientists have long been able to clarify the relationship between vitamins and their effect on the human body. However, even today, in countries with nutritional deficiencies, the following diseases develop:
People with very poor living and nutritional conditions are affected by these diseases, alcoholics.
Scintillas is a seaman's disease. In times of long ship hikes, sailors ate scanty food. Basically, it was corned beef( salted horse meat) and dried grains. For a long time sailors did without fresh fruits and vegetables.
Symptoms of scurvy:
scurvy in past centuries was considered a fatal disease.
It was later found that citrus fruits help prevent scurvy. Citrus contains a large amount of vitamin C( ascorbic acid).
Scurvy will never affect those people who regularly eat fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C:
Important: most people mistakenly believe that the highest content of vitamin C in citrus fruits. In fact, the proportion of ascorbic acid in citrus fruits is not as high as in some other sources. For comparison, 100 g of the product is: rosehip - 650 mg;red sweet pepper - 250 mg;currant - 200 mg;orange, lemon - 50 mg.
Chicken blindness is a disease that affects about half a million people a year in the world. Symptoms of night blindness are very poor visibility in low light. Sufferers of night blindness may even stop seeing in the dark. Even the ancient Egyptians found that the disease is successfully treated when introduced into the diet of the liver. The liver is rich in vitamin A.
The treatment of night blindness is the use of foods rich in vitamin A( retinol):
At present, beriberi disease or polyneuritis is extremely rare. There is another name - rice disease .Previously, it was a common disease in Asia. The reason for the appearance is a lack of vitamin B1.
Symptoms of the disease:
Interesting: Rice disease has overwhelmed the rich people, and the poor people have passed. The fact is that the rich thoroughly washed the rice before cooking, and the poor ate with the husks. Rice husk, as it turned out, is rich in vitamin B1.
Treatment is medicated:
To prevent diseaseit is necessary to eat foods with a vitamin B1 content:
With timely treatment with beriberi successfully sprvlyayutsya. If you start the disease, it flows into a chronic form.
Rickets is a disease that occurs today among children. The reason for the development of rickets is a lack of vitamin D. The peculiarity of vitamin D is that it is contained in a small number of foods and can not make up the necessary amount, entering the body with food.
But vitamin D can be obtained by taking sun baths. In places where the sun appears rarely, the most frequent cases of rickets. That is why pediatricians recommend that children under the age of three take several drops of vitamin D daily in the winter. Vitamin D can be purchased at the pharmacy.
The first signs of manifestation of rickets are:
After a while after that, flabbiness of muscles and a flat stomach is added. With further development of the disease, bone tissue affects and deforms:
Deformity of pelvic bones in girls canprevent further normal labor activity.
To prevent congenital rickets, the expectant mother should often walk outdoors, eat right. A good prevention for a newborn baby is prolonged breastfeeding, massage, swimming.
In rickets, medical treatment and the organization of the right daily regimen are indicated. With drug treatment the doctor calculates the necessary dose of vitamin D, prescribes preparations with calcium and phosphorus. Also it is necessary to do a special massage, visit the pool, organize proper nutrition.
Pellagra develops due to a lack of vitamin PP and proteins.
One of the main causes of pellagra is the lack of amino acid treptophan.
This disease manifested itself in people, the main food of which was corn. Today, pellagra is common among chronic alcoholics, as well as in African countries. Symptoms of pellagra are:
Pellagra is called a disease of the three D: dermatitis, diarrhea, dementia( acquired dementia).
Pellagra is treated under the supervision of a physician in a hospital department. On average, the course of treatment lasts a month and a half. During this time, the patient is prescribed vitamins and nicotinic acid. If the patient is exhausted, then blood transfusion is possible. Vitamins can be injected into the body in the form of injections and droppers.
Important: Complication of pellagra is the transition of the disease into acute form and subsequent death. Disease can kill a person in 4-5 years, if not start treatment.
To avoid problems associated with vitamin deficiency, you should eat a variety of foods every day:
Food should be varied and useful.
Choose seasonal vegetables and fruits. In winter it is necessary to eat sauerkraut, beetroot, seasonal apples, nuts, pumpkin, etc.
It is better to cook dishes on steam or in the oven, so more vitamins will remain. Avoid fried, spicy, salty.
If the symptoms of beriberi are too troubling, you should consult your doctor. By results of the analysis of a blood it becomes known, which vitamins do not suffice in an organism. The doctor will appoint a complex of multivitamins, which will bring the greatest benefit to your body.
Signs of vitamin deficiency in children are:
Unlike adults, vitamin D deficiency is manifested by bone deformation. In adults it is: sleep disturbance, decreased vision, frequency of fractures of bones.
Alina, 23 years old : March-April is just awful months for me. Everyone is happy with the sun and heat, and I suffer from beriberi. At me constantly during this time hair, the skin is shelled, lips burst. Salvation for me was the reception of complex vitamins. Also I try to walk more often in the winter and eat apples all the time.
Ivan, 40 years old : there will be no beriberi if you eat a lot. I have been doing sports all my life, both in summer and in winter, I eat right. Therefore, the arrival of spring, no negative changes in the body do not observe.
Oksana, 29 years old : I am the mother of a five-year-old child. To us the pediatrist has written out multivitamins. I noticed that my daughter was drowsy, irritable, weak. Of course, it worried me a lot. It turned out that this is due to a lack of vitamins. And we live in Moscow, you can not buy any natural products.
Eat vegetables and fruits, try to eat a variety of foods, more often on the air. Then the spring can be met in a good mood and with a surge of strength.
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