Preparations for the restoration of intestinal microflora

Long-term antibacterial treatment, poor-quality food, poor ecology, the effect of chemo- and radiotherapy, frequent stress, hormonal changes in the body, poisoning and other external and internal factors often lead to a violation of the balance of the intestinal microflora. As a result, active reproduction in the intestine of opportunistic microorganisms and the development of dysbacteriosis are observed. To cope with this common disease, special drugs are used that help restore intestinal microflora.


Contents:
  • The main drugs
  • After antibiotics
  • For children
  • During pregnancy

The main drugs

To restore the intestinal microflora, probiotics( eubiotics) are used - preparations containing bifido- or lactobacilli in their composition. These microorganisms are found in preparations in a live, dried or specially treated condition.

When ingested in the intestine with a pathogenic microflora, they come to life and begin to multiply, destroying harmful micro-organisms and restoring biological balance.

All preparations of this group are natural.


They are monocomponent:

  • Bifidumbacterin,
  • Lactobacterin,
  • Colibacterin,
  • Vitaflor,
  • ProbiFore,
  • Bactisubtil,
  • Normoflorin-L,
  • Normoflorin-B.

Polycomponents:

  • Lineks,
  • Bifiform,
  • Acylact,
  • Bifikol,
  • Flora Dophylus,
  • Normoflorin-D,
  • Polybacterin
  • Narine,
  • Acipol.
Prebiotics are preparations containing in their composition a nutrient medium for the propagation of microorganisms useful for the intestine.

These include:

  • Hilak-forte,
  • Fervital,
  • Dufalac,
  • Lactusan,
  • Calcium pantothenate.

Synbiotics are complex preparations of a new generation, which are inherently a symbiosis of probiotics and prebiotics.

The most popular among these preparations are:

  • Biovestin-lacto,
  • Maltidophilus,
  • Bifidobac,
  • Bifystim 1,2,3,
  • Bifidumbacterin-mult 1,2,3,
  • Laminolact.
Antibacterial drugs that promote the suppression of the pathogenic flora in the small intestine.

The most commonly used for this purpose are:

  • tetracycline,
  • penicillin,
  • cephalosporin,
  • metronidazole.

Phytopreparations, suppressing pathogenic microflora. These include herbal teas containing:

  • St. John's Wort,
  • cranberries,
  • calendula,
  • yarrow,
  • eucalyptus,
  • cauliflower,
  • sage,
  • oregano,
  • plantain.
The choice of a preparation for the restoration of microflora depends on the degree of dysbacteriosis, the causes that caused the disease and the composition of the intestinal flora.
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After antibiotics

Restoration of microflora after antibiotics goes in several stages, and at the first stage, paradoxically, physicians prescribe antibacterial drugs. They are necessary for the destruction of pathogenic bacteria that multiply in the intestine as a result of taking antibiotics.

The choice of these drugs depends on the composition of the pathogenic flora and the sensitivity of harmful microorganisms:

1. When multiplying in the intestine of staphylococci and enterococci,


  • preparations from the group of semisynthetic penicillins( eg, amoxicillin);
  • tetracycline,
  • cephalosporin,
  • metronidazole,
  • preparations from the macrolide group( eg, oleandomycin).

2. With the active propagation of Escherichia coli, the most effective are:

  • nitrofurans( antiseptics);
  • derivatives of nalidixic acid;
  • sulfonamides( phthalazole).

3. When propagating in the intestine of Pseudomonas aeruginosa,

  • aminoglycosides( kanamycin),
  • are usually prescribed. Polymyxin.

4. Candidomycosis( fungal bowel injury) is most effective:

  • Lamisil,
  • Amphotericin,
  • Itraconazole,
  • Amphotericin B,
  • Mikogeptin
  • Levorin,
  • Nystatin,
  • Ketoconazole,
  • Fluconazole.

5. For antibiotic-induced dysbacteriosis, bacteriophages are also used - special preparations containing viruses that act against only one type of bacteria. Bacteriophages are prescribed together with antibiotics, and as an alternative to antibacterial treatment.

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The modern pharmaceutical market offers the following bacteriophages:

  • staphylococcal,
  • coliprotein,
  • Pseudomonasum,
  • Protein.
The next stage in the recovery of microflora after antimicrobial therapy is colonization of the intestine with a useful flora.

At this stage of treatment the above described drugs are used: probiotics, prebiotics and synbiotics.

And, finally, the last stage of recovery of the body after antibiotics is the use of immunomodulators, which increase immunity and promote a faster recovery of intestinal microflora. Usually, vegetable preparations are used for this purpose, including:

  • tincture of echinacea;Preparations with propolis.
  • phytogens with the contents: nettle, psyllium, lemon balm, tricolor violets, coltsfoot, raspberries, turns, cowberry, currant, mountain ash, rosehip.
Pay attention to the list http://woman-l.ru/spisok-skrytyx-infekcij-u-zhenshhin/ hidden infections in women
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For children

The normal composition and functioning of the intestinal microflora in childhood is especially important, soas with prolonged dysbiosis in children, there are deviations in the development of bone, muscle and even brain tissue.
For children who are on artificial feeding, to restore the intestinal microflora will help adapted mixtures enriched with bifidobacteria and other useful microflora, such as:

  • Biolact adapted,
  • Baby,
  • Bifidok,
  • Bifilin,
  • Bifilife.

In case of serious abnormalities in the functioning of the intestine, and the need to restore the baby's microflora with medical treatment, the pediatrician can prescribe probiotics that saturate the child's body with lactobacilli, in particular:

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  • Bifiform Baby,
  • Lactobacterin,
  • Primadofilus,
  • Lineks,
  • Lactovit Forte,
  • Acylact,
  • Biobakton.
Enterosorbents, neutralizing the products of vital activity of pathogenic microbes, in particular, Polysorb - an effective enterosorbent of a new generation.

Enzyme preparations, helping to restore the enzyme activity of the body. For example, Abomin is a preparation made from dried mucous membrane of calves.

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In pregnancy,

In pregnancy, to restore mycosis of the intestine, probiotics are prescribed - preparations containing bifidobacteria:

  • Bifidumbacterin,
  • Lineks,
  • Lactobacterin,
  • Acipol.

Prebiotics include preparations containing lactulose:

  • Dufalac,
  • Normase,
  • Portalac,
  • Lactusan.
Their action also helps to get rid of problems with constipation, which often affects women during pregnancy. Of course, the choice of drugs for the recovery of microflora during pregnancy should be performed only by a specialist after a special study of stool, however, the woman herself should remember that for the safety of the baby's health, she should be treated exclusively with natural preparations.
  • Jun 02, 2018
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