A stone with an unusual name Labrador is a fairly rare mineral from the group of plagioclases( aluminosilicates), the feature of which is a special iridescent effect, coloring the stone in all colors of the rainbow. Due to its iridescent color and its magical properties, the labrador is considered one of the most mysterious stones.
- Description of the mineral
- The history of the stone
- The chemical composition and physical properties of the stone
- The varieties of the labrador
- The deposits of the labrador
- The healing properties of the mineral
- The magical properties of the labrador
- The labrador and the zodiac signs
- The use of the gem
- Interesting facts about the stone
- How to distinguish the natural labrador from a counterfeit
- Pictures of jewelry from a stone labrador
Description of a mineral
In appearance, a labrador is an opaque stone quiteunpretentious colors: from gray to blue-black. But thanks to the iris( colored iridescent iridescent surfacing on its surface), also called "labradorization", this stone looks amazingly elegant and beautiful. Labradorization occasionally is continuous, located on the entire surface of the mineral, but more often it is located locally in the form of spots and various patterns. By its color, the Labrador's irisation can be of all colors of the rainbow: blue, blue, green, yellow, red, and sometimes combine not one but two, three and more colors.
The name of this mineral with unusual rainbow overflows was due to the name of the place where it was first discovered - it is the Labrador Peninsula, located in the east of Canada.
Another name for the stone appeared due to its unusual iridescent multicolored coloring, reminiscent of a bright peacock's tail - "peacock stone".This is the name for the mineral in India.
And, finally, another ancient name of the Labrador - "tavusit" or "tausinny stone."This obsolete name comes from the Persian word "tavusi", literally denoting "peacock".to contents ^
History of the stone
European missionaries first saw the Labrador, visiting the camps of the Eskimos of North America, where various crafts and ornaments were made from this stone.
It was brought to Europe in the late 18th century, or rather, in 1770.Labrador immediately fell in love with the main European women of fashion - Englishwomen and Frenchwomen, who gladly wore earrings, brooches, pendants and rings with "peacock stone".
In Kievan Rus this rainbow stone was used for interior decorations when erecting temples, cathedrals and tombs of princes, as evidenced by preserved mosaics and fragments of decoration.
A special surge in fashion for the Labrador in Russia has been observed since 1781, after the discovery of huge blocks with the presence of mineral eyes in the vicinity of St. Petersburg. Petersburg nobility appreciated the beauty of the stone. From it began to order various objects of an interior: figurines, bright snuffboxes, table-tops which decorated even imperial residences. There was a fashion and on "peacock coloring" in clothes. Ball gowns from a motley, shimmering cloth, reminiscent of the color of the Labrador, as well as jewelry from the stone itself, were at the peak of popularity.
In Ukraine, the richest Labradorite deposit was discovered in the middle of the 19th century.
In the XX century, the Labrador was a popular finishing stone. In the Soviet Union, he was deconstructed by metro stations, monuments and sculptures. You can see the Labrador in the decoration of the entrance to the mausoleum of the "leader of the world proletariat" Vladimir Lenin.
Chemical composition and physical properties of the stone
Labrador belongs to the group of feldspars. It is found in nature in the form of inclusions into rocks or in the form of continuous crystalline masses. If the breed is 60% or more of a Labradorite, it is called Labradorite.
In its chemical composition, this stone is calcium aluminosilicate. Its chemical formula:( Ca, Na) [(Al, Si) 2Si2O8].
The main composition of the stone labrador includes:
- sodium oxide( Na2O) - 3.96%;
- calcium oxide( CaO) - 10.93%;
- aluminum oxide( Al2O3) - 26.83%;
- acid oxide( SiO2) - 55.49%.
The main impurities that are present in the Labrador composition:
- iron oxide( Fe2O3) - about 1.6%;
- potassium oxide( K2O) - about 0.36%;
- hydrogen oxide( H2O) - 0.51%;
- magnesium oxide( MgO) - 0.15%.
The chemical composition is determined by the color of the stone. Usually it is gray, dark gray, greenish gray, almost black. But the main decoration of the stone - labradorization - is associated with the peculiarities of the crystal structure of the stone and the interference( redistribution of intensity) of light in its thin plates. Partly, the labradorization is caused by inclusions in the mineral of ilmenite.
The stone labrador has a matte, glassy sheen, it breaks easily on impact, crumbles when squeezed, melts and dissolves in acids.
Its hardness on the Mohs Scale ranges from 6.0-6.5, and the density is 2.7 g / cm3.to table of contents ^
Depending on the color of the irradiation( labradorization), these varieties of labradorite are distinguished:
- Spectrolite is the most valuable type of Labrador, featuring all colors of the color spectrum.
- Solar stone is a variety of labrador with golden iris.
- Bull eye is a variety of labrador in purple-brown color with bright red overflows.
- Black Moonstone is a variation of a dark labrador with iris in blue and blue tones.
- Lynx eye - a variety of labrador with green iris.
- Aventurine labrador is a variety of labrador with inclusions of copper, ilmenite or magnetite, creating a kind of "adventurine" effect - a shimmering shine with a sparkling golden tint.
- Tavusit is a kind of Labrador with shimmering, similar to ebb and flow of a peacock feather.
The main deposits of Labrador are in Ukraine and in Canada. A small amount of mined mineral in Germany, Greenland, India, in Tibet and Australia. Australian Labradors are often of high quality.
The most valuable specimens of Labradors - spectrolites - are mined exclusively in Finland. The first deposits of these unique bright specimens of stone were discovered here in 1940.
In Burma, you can find exotic specimens of black moonstone, and in the United States, in Oregon, an unusually beautiful labrador with gold iris, the so-called "golden stone", is mined.
Medical properties of mineral
Lithotherapists say that wearing a labradorite stone contributes to the overall strengthening of the body.
In particular, this mineral is advised to be worn with:
- spine diseases;
- infertility and impotence;
- joint disease;
- diseases of the genitourinary system;
- prostate disease.
In addition, pendants and rings with inserts from the Labrador, according to folk healers, are able to:
- improve mood;
- to ease the consequences of stressful situations;
- improve sleep;
- is cured of neuroses;
- get rid of dependencies, including drugs.
Magic properties of Labrador
Among the magical properties Labrador is credited with the ability to develop extrasensory abilities, enhance the gift of foresight and the ability to a special, mystical awareness of the world. Not for nothing Labrador has long been considered the favorite talisman of sorcerers and healers and was an indispensable element in conducting various magical rituals.
A stone is also useful for ordinary people. So, it can:
- reveal the inherent talents;
- to give creative inspiration;
- help to show maximum effort to achieve a dream;
- protect from troubles;
- protect from negative attitudes;
- bring in the house calmness and well-being.
Labrador and the zodiac signs
According to astrologers, the Labrador is most suitable as an amulet for Lions, Aries, Scorpions and Virgins.
But Aquarians, Cancers and Capricorns to wear it is not recommended.to the table of contents ^
Application of the gem
Labrador refers to jewelry and ornamental stones.
Made from it are inserts in jewelry - necklaces, cufflinks, earrings, rings, bracelets. They make small objects of the decor from the Labrador.
In the 19th century it was used as a facing material on the territory of the Soviet Union, but today such luxury is available only to the richest people in the world. Currently, the price of jewelry Labrador items reaches 100 US dollars per carat.to the table of contents ^
Interesting facts about the stone
- According to ancient Greek myths, the stone labrador belonged to the inhabitants of Hyperborea - a fabulous northern country. And it was the Hyperboreans who made people a gift in the form of a stone with an unusual iridescent pattern. This stone according to tradition brought happiness to people open and pious, but the bad and the wicked could bring to death.
- According to lithotherapists, the labrador feeds on moonlight and shines particularly brightly in the new moon, displaying extraordinary magical power. Therefore, it is recommended during this period of the lunar phase to be placed on the windowsill for "recharging".
- Mosaic of the altar of the Church of the Tithes, built in Kiev in 991-996, is decorated with fragments of a labrador.
- For a record high price - 250 thousand francs, a small Labrador retriever was found, found in Russia in 1799.The reason for such a high price of this specimen is in a clear image on its profile cut of King Louis XIV of France, drawn by nature itself.
How to distinguish natural labrador from forgery
The stone labrador, thanks to its exceptional feature - labradorization - is difficult to confuse with other stones, as well as to forge.
To recognize the imitation, it is enough to twist the stone in your hands: unlike the fake, the natural Labrador will shimmer with a variety of colors, and you will see a spectacle reminiscent of the effect of the Northern Lights.to the table of contents ^
Pictures of jewelry from a stone labrador