Legumes grow almost throughout the terrestrial area of the globe, as they can easily adapt to different natural conditions. Relate to the family of dicotyledons, fruit bearing seeds in the form of beans. Most legumes are rich in vitamins and minerals, they contain a lot of protein. About 18 thousand species of plants belong to beans. Next, consider the main varieties of crops.
- Japanese Sophora
- Green beans
- kidney bean
Surprisingly, but Acacia belongsto the family of legumes. Its fruits have an oblong shape with seeds of dark color.
Acacia is widely used in folk medicine as decoctions and infusions. The flowers of the plant contain essential oils.
Acacia honey has an antiseptic effect and does not cause allergies. Contains a large amount of fructose, suitable for dietary nutrition. However, do not use more than two tablespoons of honey per day.
Peanuts or groundnuts are rich in Group B and C vitamins, and also contains magnesium, potassium, calcium, iron, sodium and phosphorus. Peanut is a preventive tool for cardiovascular diseases and oncology. The fruit is very nutritious - it contains 60% fat and 30% protein. It is processed into butter and used in cooking.
However, legume products do not only benefit, but also harm. In large quantities, peanuts can cause allergies. Therefore, it is contraindicated for children under 3 years and pregnant women and people with varicose veins, as it thickens the blood. Ground nut is very high in calories, and abuse of it can lead to obesity.to the table of contents ^
Beans are considered dietary and low-calorie food. In 100 grams of the product contains no more than 66 calories, so the beans are related to the products for weight loss. They are enriched with fiber, proteins, fats, carbohydrates, they contain potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, vitamins A, B, C and other useful substances.
This product is indicated to people suffering from diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system, liver and kidneys. It lowers cholesterol in the blood. Beans contain a large amount of protein, so they are an indispensable product for vegetarians.to the table of contents ^
The product resembles peas. Used as a forage crop and for soil fertilization. It well enriches the air with nitrogen. Vika unpretentious plant, more common, as a weed. It is a melliferous plant.to contents ^
One of the most ancient legumes. Peas are rich in vitamins and minerals, fiber and microelements, which is why it is often used in cooking. The product is easily absorbed by the body, in spite of its caloric content.
A large amount of protein in pea can replace meat dishes. And the presence of iron will be a good prevention of anemia. Peas are recommended for diabetes. But excessive use of it can badly affect the work of the intestines.to contents ^
This plant is known for its aroma. Its essential oils are used in the cosmetic and perfume industries. Donnick is a medicinal product and is used to prevent immune diseases. As a rule, stems and flowers of the plant are used to make decoctions, infusions, ointments.
This plant has toning properties. It is dried and used as a preventive and medicinal product for colds and anemia. Clover contains essential oils and is actively used in cosmetology. Often clover is also used in cooking: it is seasoned with meat and vegetable dishes, makes sauces and is added to tea.
Lupine contains a lot of protein. It began to grow as a fodder crop, and today this plant is used in cosmetology. Useful properties are lupine oil. It heals burns, heals sores and wounds, helps to get rid of acne, is an antioxidant. Lupine is sometimes used for food as a seasoning.to the table of contents ^
This bean plant contains vitamins B and C, minerals and amino acids. Since ancient times, alfalfa was used as a laxative and diuretic, and its oil was used in cooking. Today, alfalfa is used as an anti-inflammatory and antiseptic agent for diabetes, anemia, hemorrhoids, and cystitis.
The cream with essential oil of alfalfa prevents aging of the skin, smoothes fine wrinkles. The leaves of the plant are added to vegetable salads and soups. Sprouted seeds are popular with vegetarians, raw foods and wanting to lose weight.to contents ^
The plant is also called turkish and mutton peas. Nut is used in cooking, cosmetology and pharmacology, and has a lot of medicinal properties. Nutritious and low-calorie chickpeas are considered the best product for weight loss.
In addition, it is indicated to people with low hemoglobin, cardiac arrhythmia, diabetes mellitus. Contains a large amount of protein and fiber, accelerates metabolism.
Chickpeas can be germinated - in its young shoots there are amino acids that increase immunity. Nut is an excellent antioxidant, removes toxins from the body. However, excessive consumption of chickpeas causes bloating, gas formation, intestinal colic, can cause allergies.
This medicinal plant is also called Shambhala, Helba and Greek hay. Fenugreek is used as an expectorant, anti-inflammatory and hormonal agent. It is recommended to women during the menopause and men to enhance potency.
Fenugreek is used as a seasoning, in the form of tea, insist, add to meat and vegetable dishes. The high content of vegetable protein makes the dish based on fenugreek very nutritious.to contents ^
This white-colored tree is known for its medicinal properties and has a wide range of applications in medicine. Essential oil of sophora is used in cosmetology. The use of honey of Japanese Sophora tones and restores strength, but with an overdose it can inflict tremendous harm to the body.to contents ^
The cultivated plant is characterized by a high content of vegetable protein, vitamins of group B, E, folic acid, biotin. Soy is considered a vegetarian food and a product for weight loss. It produces Tofu cheese, soy sauce, soy milk and other products. But frequent uncontrolled use of the product can damage your health.to the table of contents ^
The product is very nutritious and easy to prepare. It can be used both in raw, and boiled and frozen form as an independent dish, and in combination with other products.
Asparagus beans contain vitamins A, B, C, and P, and has medicinal properties. With regular use, there is a surge of strength and vigor.to contents ^
The product is rich in proteins, iron, vitamins of group B, C, contains phosphorus, zinc, calcium, silicon. Very nutritious, quickly absorbed by the body, suitable for dietary nutrition. In 100 grams of beans contains only 23 kcal.
Beans can not be eaten raw, but in cooking there are a huge number of dishes based on it. As medicines fruits, leaves and pods of a plant are used. There are no contraindications to the use of kidney beans.to contents ^
Flat beans contain a large amount of vegetable protein and iron. Lentil seeds are a low-calorie product, its frequent use does not harm the figure. From lentils soups, sauces and main courses are prepared, and also eaten raw. This product has healing properties and is recommended for diabetes mellitus.to contents ^
This perennial plant is used as a forage crop. Espartzet contains a large amount of vitamin C and refers to medicines. Tinctures and decoctions of plants are used to enhance immunity and as an anti-cold remedy.
Healer is also considered a honey sainfoin. Its use has a positive effect on general well-being.