What pills to take from bloating and gas formation

Gas formation is a natural physiological process inherent in every person. However, in some cases, an increased amount of gases is produced in the intestine, which leads to their accumulation, bloating, flatulence and associated psychological discomfort. Quickly get rid of the problem and normalize the condition with special pills.


Contents:
  • antigas preparations
  • Dimethicone( Tseolat)
  • Pepsan P
  • simethicone( Espumizan, Antiflat Lannaher)
  • Enterosorbents
  • Activated carbon( Karbopekt, Sorbeks)
  • White coal
  • Laktofiltrum
  • Filtrum( Polyphepan, Entegnin)
  • prokinetic
  • Ganaton( Itomed, Primer)
  • Motilium( Domperidone, Motilak, Passage)
  • Trimedate( Neobutin)
  • Probiotics and prebiotics
  • Lactovit Forte
  • Lineks
  • ProbiFore
  • Enzyme preparations
  • Mezim( Creon, Micraim, Pancreatin, Penzital, Hermitage)
  • Festal( Enzyme Forte)
  • Spasmolytics
  • Drotaverin( No-Shpa, Spasmonet)
  • Duspatalin( Dutan, Niaspam, Sparex)
  • Meteospazmel
  • Papaverin
  • Spazmalgon( Braal, Bralangin, Geomag, Maxigan, Spasmblock, Spazgan)
  • During pregnancy

Bloating can be caused by a variety of factors. Depending on the causes of discomfort, prescribe drugs that have different ways of affecting the body.

Carbon preparations

Reduce the intensity of gas generation, and also destroy bubbles that contain gas, accelerating its release or absorption through the intestine.

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Dimethicone( Zeolate)

The active substance is dimethicone. Form release - capsules, tablets for chewing, suspension, emulsion, gel for oral administration.

Has defoaming activity, improves gastrointestinal motility. Getting into the intestine, the drug envelops its walls with a protective film, reduces the surface tension of gas bubbles, promotes their early evacuation.


Adults take 80-160 milligrams before each meal and at bedtime. The dose for children is adjusted according to age.

Side effects: allergic manifestations( skin rash, itching).

Contraindications: obstructive diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, individual intolerance.
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Pepsan-R

Active substances - dimethicone, guaiazulene. Form release - capsules, gel for oral administration.

It is used for digestive disorders, manifested by heartburn, eructation, nausea, increased gas production, constipation or diarrhea, as well as with increased gastric acidity, gastralgia.

Take 1 capsule 2-3 times daily before meals.

Side effects: allergic reactions, pain or bloating.

Contraindications: fructose intolerance, glucose-galactose malabsorption, age to 14 years, hypersensitivity to the drug components.
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Simethicone( Espumizan, Antiflat Lannacher)

The active ingredient is simethicone. Form release - capsules of 40 milligrams, chewable tablets, suspensions, emulsions, drops for oral administration.

The action of the drug is aimed at reducing gas and foam formation in the stomach and intestines, eliminating the pain syndrome in the epigastric region caused by the accumulation of gases.

Take 3 times a day during or after a meal, if necessary also before bedtime. A single dose for adults is 1-2 capsules, for children of school age - 0.5-1 capsule. Newborns and preschool children are prescribed liquid forms of the drug.


Side effects: allergic reactions.

Contraindications: obstruction of the intestine, obstructive diseases of the digestive system, hypersensitivity to the drug.
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Enterosorbents

Absorbents( enterosorbents) - absorb excess gas. However, they do not possess selective ability, and, in addition to toxins and harmful substances, useful microelements are also excreted from the body.

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Activated charcoal( Carbopect, Sorbex)

Active substance - activated carbon. Form release - tablets and capsules of 250 or 500 milligrams, powder.

Is antidiarrhoeal, intestinal anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial drug, due to adsorption( absorbing) properties, effectively combats intoxications.

With increased gas generation, the daily dose is 500 milligrams for every 10 kilograms of weight and is broken down into 2-4 receptions. For a more rapid effect, the tablets should be ground and dissolved in water.

Side effects: constipation, diarrhea, with prolonged use - hypovitaminosis, impaired absorption of nutrients.

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Contraindications: Ulcers or bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, age under 3 years, hypersensitivity. Weaken the effect of other drugs.
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White coal

Active substances - microcrystalline cellulose, silicon dioxide. The form of release - tablets.

It has a higher absorbency than black activated charcoal, it does not cause constipation, it stimulates the intestinal peristalsis. It is used for diseases of the digestive system, poisoning, dysbiosis, helminthiosis, allergies.

Take 2-4 tablets 3 times a day for 1 hour before meals, wash down with water.

Side effects: allergic reactions. Contraindications: ulcers or bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal obstruction, age to 14 years, pregnancy, lactation, individual intolerance.
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Lactofiltrum

Active ingredients - lignin hydrolyzed, lactulose. Form release - tablets, chewing lozenges, powder.

In addition to the ability to clean food from toxins, due to the content of lactulose, the drug accelerates the growth of beneficial bacteria in the intestine and positively affects local immunity. Take the same scheme as the drug Filtrum.

Side effects: allergic reactions, constipation, diarrhea.

Contraindications: peptic ulcer, bleeding from the gastrointestinal tract, intestinal obstruction, galactosemia, individual intolerance.
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Filter( Polyphepan, Entegnin)


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The active ingredient is lignin, hydrolyzed. The form of release - tablets of 400 milligrams, chewing lozenges, powder.

Due to the pronounced sorbing activity, the drug binds, neutralizes and removes toxic substances of various origin from the body.

Take 3-4 times a day for 1 hour before meals, wash down with water or dissolve in water. A single dose for adults is 2-3 tablets, for children from 7 years - 1-2 tablets, for children under 7 years - 0.5-1 tablet.

Side effects: allergic reactions, constipation, diarrhea, with prolonged use - a violation of absorption of calcium and vitamins.

Contraindications: peptic ulcer or bleeding from the stomach or intestines, intestinal obstruction, hypersensitivity.
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Prokinetics

Are used when slowing the movement of food through the gastrointestinal tract. The drugs intensify the activity of the walls of the intestine, including eliminating the feeling of overflow and bloating, increased gas formation.

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Ganaton( Itomed, Primer)

The active ingredient is tacopride hydrochloride. The form of release - a tablet of 50 milligrams.

The drug eliminates such symptoms as bloating, a sense of rapid satiety, pain or discomfort in the epigastric region, anorexia, heartburn, nausea, vomiting.

Take 1 tablet 3 times daily before meals.

Side effects: dizziness, headache, tremor, increased salivation, nausea, abdominal pain, constipation, diarrhea, allergic reactions.

Contraindications: gastrointestinal bleeding, mechanical obstruction or perforation of the gastrointestinal tract, pregnancy, lactation, age under 16, hypersensitivity to the drug.
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Motilium( Domperidone, Motilac, Passage)

The active substance is domperidone. The form of release - a tablet of 10 milligrams, a suspension, tablets for resorption.

Used for violations of the gastrointestinal tract: early saturation, a feeling of overflow and bloating, nausea, vomiting, belching, flatulence.

Adults and adolescents over 12 years of age are prescribed 1-2 tablets( 10-20 milligrams) 3-4 times a day, but not more than 80 milligrams per day. Children older than 5 years with a body weight of at least 20 kilograms take 1 tablet 3 times a day.

Side effects: dry mouth, thirst, spasms of the stomach or intestines, increased excitability, headache, allergic skin rashes.

Contraindications: gastrointestinal bleeding, intestinal obstruction, pregnancy, lactation, age under 5 years, body weight up to 20 kg, hypersensitivity. Use with caution for violations of the liver or kidneys.
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Trimedate( Neobutin)

The active ingredient is trimebutin maleate. The form of release - a tablet of 100 milligrams.

The drug regulates the motor function of the gastrointestinal tract.

Adults and children from 12 years old take 100-200 milligrams 3 times a day, children 3-12 years old - 25-50 milligrams 3 times a day.

Side effects: skin reactions.

Contraindications: age under 3 years, individual intolerance.
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Probiotics and prebiotics

Bacteria and nutrients useful for the organism that promote their growth. Applied if excessive gas formation is caused by a violation of the balance of the intestinal microflora.

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Lactovit Forte

The active ingredients are lactobacilli, vitamins B6 and B12.Form release - capsules.

The drug is used in colitis of various etiologies, dysbacteriosis, intestinal disorders after infection or medication. Also effective as a supporting drug for allergic manifestations on the skin.

Take 40 minutes before meals 2 times a day. The daily dose for adults is 2-4 capsules, for children 2-14 years - 2 capsules, for children from 6 months to 2 years - 1 capsule.

No adverse effects have been identified.

Contraindications: children under 6 months of age, individual intolerance.
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Lineks

The active substance is libenin( lactic acid bacteria).Form release - capsules.

It is used for the prevention and treatment of manifestations of dysbiosis: diarrhea, dyspepsia, constipation, flatulence, vomiting, belching.

Take 3 times daily after meals, with a small amount of liquid. A single dose for adults is 2 capsules, for children 2-12 years - 1-2 capsules, for newborns and children under 2 years - 1 capsule.

No adverse effects have been identified.

Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug or dairy products.
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ProbiFore

The active ingredient is bifidobacteria. Form release - capsules, powder for oral administration.

It is used in the treatment of acute intestinal infections, chronic digestive disorders, dysbacteriosis, skin rashes, is part of the complex therapy of viral diseases.

Adults and children from 7 years to take 2-3 capsules 2 times a day, children 5-7 years - 1 capsule 3 times a day. Children up to 5 years are recommended to use the powder form of the drug.

No adverse effects have been identified.

Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the drug.
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Enzyme preparations

Used in the case of insufficient production of the body's own enzymes. Because of such disturbances, the degradation of food deteriorates, undigested its particles are decomposed by bacteria, which is accompanied by the release of a large volume of gases.

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Mezim( Creon, Mikrazim, Pancreatin, Penzital, Hermital)

The active ingredient is pancreatin( pancreatic enzymes of lipase, amylase, protease).The form of release - tablets, capsules.

The drug is used to eliminate discomfort after eating( flatulence, nausea, a feeling of fullness of the stomach, diarrhea), when eating poorly digested food, as well as chronic pancreatitis, cystic fibrosis, intestinal infections.

Take before, during, or immediately after a meal, with water. Adults take 1-4 tablets( corresponding to 3,500-14,000 international units of lipase) 3-4 times a day. Dosage for children is prescribed by a doctor in accordance with age and body weight.

Side effects: allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea, constipation.

Contraindications: acute pancreatitis or exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, intestinal obstruction, age up to 2 years, individual intolerance. Use with caution in pregnancy and lactation.
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Festal( Enzyme Forte)

Active ingredients - pancreatin, hemicellulase, bile components. The form of release - dragees.

In addition to the indications corresponding to the Mezim preparation and its analogs, it is also used in the loss or disturbance of the circulation of bile acids.

Adults take 1-2 tablets 3 times a day. The dose for children is calculated individually, according to the state of the organism, age and body weight.

Contraindications: acute pancreatitis or exacerbation of chronic pancreatitis, severe liver function disorders, intestinal obstruction, cholelithiasis, age up to 3 years. Use with caution in pregnancy, lactation, cystic fibrosis.
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Spasmolytics

Relieve pain and spasms that occur when the walls of the intestine are gassed.

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Drotaverin( No-Shpa, Spasmonet)

The active ingredient is drotaverine. Form release - a tablet of 40 milligrams, a solution for injection.

Used for spasms of smooth muscles of the gastrointestinal tract and urinary tract. Adults take 1-2 tablets 1-3 times a day. The dose for children 3-12 years is 0.25-0.5 tablets 1-2 times a day.

Side effects: palpitation, a feeling of heat, increased sweating, dizziness.

Contraindications: severe hepatic, renal or heart failure, pregnancy, breast-feeding, hypersensitivity.
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Duspatalin( Dutan, Niaspam, Sparex)

The active ingredient is mebeverine hydrochloride. Form release - capsules, tablets.

It is used for symptomatic treatment of pains, spasms, discomfort in intestinal or biliary colic, irritable bowel syndrome. The daily dose is 400 milligrams, broken down into 2-4 admission.

Side effects: dizziness, headache, nausea, diarrhea, constipation, allergic rashes.

Contraindications: age under 12 years, pregnancy, individual intolerance. Use with caution during lactation.
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Meteospazmil

Active ingredients - alverina citrate, simethicone. Form release - capsules.

Combined drug used for functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, manifested by pain, gas, eructation, constipation, diarrhea.

Take 1 capsule 2-3 times daily before meals.

Side effects: allergic reactions.

Contraindications: pregnancy, lactation, age under 14 years, hypersensitivity to the components of the drug.
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Papaverin

The active ingredient is papaverine. Produced in tablets of 10 and 40 milligrams, rectal suppositories( candles), ampoules for injections.

Used for spasms of smooth muscles of the abdominal cavity, as well as kidneys, bronchi, vessels.

Adults take 40-60 milligrams 3-5 times a day, children 1-12 years - 5-20 milligrams 2-4 times a day.

Side effects: drowsiness, nausea, constipation, sweating, lowering blood pressure.

Contraindications: severe hepatic insufficiency, low blood pressure, glaucoma, lactation, age up to 6 months. Take with caution during pregnancy and in old age.
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Spazmalgon( Braal, Bralangin, Geomag, Maxigan, Spasmoblock, Spazgan)

Active substances - metamizole sodium, pitofenone, fenpiverinia bromide. Form release - tablets and solution for injection.

Combined drug, shows analgesic and spasmolytic activity in renal and hepatic colic, spasmodic pain along the bowel;reduces the fever with colds.

Adults take 1-2 tablets 2-3 times a day, children 6-15 years - 0.5-1 tablet 2-4 times a day.

Side effects: headache, decreased pressure, dry mouth, sweating, allergic manifestations.

Contraindications: impairment of the kidneys, liver or heart, intestinal obstruction, pregnancy, lactation, age under 6 years, hypersensitivity. Use with caution in bronchial asthma, low blood pressure.
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When pregnancy

The main actions aimed at eliminating increased gas formation are diet and exercise( gymnastics or yoga for pregnant women, walking, swimming).If these funds do not help, you should consult your doctor for prescription of medications - safeties based on simethicone are the safest for the mother and fetus.

  • Jun 04, 2018
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