What are the tablets for cough and how do they work?

Many choose their own cough tablets without consulting a doctor. If a person is sure that he has a common cold, then it is enough to determine the type of cough and reach the nearest pharmacy. If the cough is dry, then one group of drugs will be needed, if wet - another. Incorrect treatment can harm the body, so at the earliest opportunity, you should consult your doctor.

  • Formulations cough
  • Antitussive
  • Mucolytic
  • Expectorants
  • Forms Tablets
  • The shell
  • Effervescent( soluble)
  • For resorption
  • Types cough
  • Dry
  • Wet
  • Allergic
  • preparations for children
  • Formulations for pregnant

Formulations cough

Formulationsfrom a cough are divided according to the principle of influence on the body. In some cases, it is necessary to remove the symptom, in others - to get rid of phlegm. For effective treatment it is necessary not only to choose the right medicine, but also to know how to take pills for cough. If you do not follow the doctor's instructions or instructions, then the treatment will be either ineffective or cause complications.

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Antitussives are used when it is necessary to suppress only the symptom of a cough. As a rule, these drugs affect the reflexes of the body, can suppress the work of brain nerve cells. Antitussive drugs relieve symptoms and with bad habits: tablets help smokers from coughing.

Sometimes they are released only on the prescription of a doctor, because they can have a narcotic effect. The use of antitussive drugs is allowed only in extreme cases, as it can lead to a number of harmful consequences associated with the fact that a person will not treat the very cause of the appearance of this symptom.


Tablets from cough "Rengalin" block the cough reflex in adults and children from 3 years. It is used on 1-2 tablets 3 times a day before meals, is prescribed for all types of cough. The drug has an affordable price and is available without a prescription.

Contraindications: Individual intolerance of the drug components and age of up to 3 years. If the dose is exceeded, the digestive system may be upset.


Tablets for cough with codeine "Kodelak" are prescribed for dry cough. They are taken 3 times a day 1-2 times before the onset of improvement."Codelac" should not be confused with alcohol.

Contraindications: for children under 2 years, pregnant women and women during lactation, with hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, especially codeine, with bronchial asthma, respiratory failure, impaired renal function, increased blood pressure.

Side effects: indigestion, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth, skin rash, dizziness, swelling of the Quincke. Taking the drug can affect the speed of reactions, so it is advisable to avoid driving the car.


Tablets from Omnitus cough are sold at a dosage of 20 and 50 milligrams. It is prescribed for dry cough, often during rehabilitation after various cavitary operations, when a cough can cause complications. It is forbidden to children, pregnant women and women during lactation. Apply several times a day with equal intervals.

Contraindications: hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, 1 trimester of pregnancy and lactation period, age up to 3 years.

Side effects: allergic reactions, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness, exanthema.

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Mucolytic agents are intended for the treatment of wet cough, as they dilute viscous sputum. During the illness, you can not use only this group of drugs, because it works only with symptoms, but does not affect the cause. Mucolytic drugs can not be used for dry cough.


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Tablets for coughing "Fluimucil" are prescribed when, during an airway disease, sputum is very difficult to leave. The drug is sold in the form of granules and effervescent tablets that require cooking."Fluimutsil" is contraindicated in children and adolescents, as well as people suffering from peptic ulcer disease. Effervescent tablets are taken once a day.

Contraindications: children and adolescents, as well as people suffering from peptic ulcer and individual intolerance to the components of this medication.

Side effects: in rare cases, skin rash, itching, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting and tinnitus are possible.

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Expectorants are used for wet cough, when it is necessary to remove excess phlegm from the throat. They irritate the stomach, which signals the esophagus and the respiratory tract. As a result, there is a cough reflex, and the outgoing secret must be spit out and not swallow at all.

With preparations of this group it is necessary to be treated strictly according to the instruction, because due to the specific effects on the body they can cause nausea and vomiting.


Tablets for coughing "Mukaltin" are prescribed when a person with a lower respiratory tract infection observes a wet cough. This preparation is created on the basis of a plant extract and is made in the form of firm tablets. The drug is allowed to children from 3 years, and from 12 can use the dosage for adults. Tablets are taken several times a day before meals.

Contraindications: is an individual intolerance, which can be expressed in the form of urticaria and itching.


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Tablets for coughing "Termopsol" are prescribed for difficultly separated sputum. It is a herbal remedy, which is applied several times a day in the form of tablets.

Contraindications: is prohibited during pregnancy, with breastfeeding, in the presence of bronchial asthma, stomach and duodenal ulcers, with hypertension.

Side effects: Sometimes these tablets can trigger an allergic reaction and vomiting.

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Types of tablets

The shape of the tablets determines how quickly the drug will enter the body and begin to work. In some cases it is better to use topical agents, others require the penetration of active substances into the blood.

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In the shell

Tablets from cough in the shell can be in both usual solid form and in the form of capsules. The active substances of such a preparation must first be digested by the digestive organs and enter the bloodstream, after which they will begin to act.

This takes a certain amount of time, so this form is used to treat the cause itself, and for the rapid relief of symptoms, auxiliary substances are used: aerosols for the throat and resorption tablets.


Tablets for coughing "Eufillin" are prescribed in the case when the cough is caused by a problem in the bronchi. The active substance makes the lungs work more efficiently, it provides improved ventilation and oxygen saturation of the respiratory system. The drug is indicated for various types of bronchitis.

Contraindications: Not recommended for use by nursing mothers and children under 3 years of age, with individual intolerance to the components of the drug, with epilepsy, gastritis with increased acidity, gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, severe flow hypotension, tachyarrhythmia, hemorrhagic stroke.

At reception possible dizziness, nausea, headaches, tachycardia, tremor, pressure decrease, arrhythmia and so on.


Tablets from the cough Erespal have a hard, and a film shell. They are prescribed for such diseases as laryngitis, bronchitis, bronchial asthma. Tablets are not cheap, but are an effective anti-inflammatory drug with a quick effect. Apply can be strictly from 18 years.

Contraindications: allergic reaction.

Adverse effects: sometimes, drowsiness, weakness, upset stomach, nausea, dizziness, mild tachycardia, rash may accompany the drug.

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Effervescent( soluble)

Soluble tablets are poured into water and a ready-mixed solution is drunk. This form allows you to act faster active active substances in the human blood and begin to fight the cause of the disease.

The only minus of effervescent drugs is that they are difficult to take during a trip or on the road, if a person is forced to go somewhere during the illness. But treatment with such drugs at home can be more effective than tablets in the shell.


Tablets from the cough "ACTS" are a popular means for treating wet cough. The price of such a drug is quite high, but it justifies the effectiveness of the drug. It is produced in different dosages( 100, 200 and 600 milligrams), with water dilution there is a characteristic hiss. Can be used by children from 2 years( "ACTS 100").

Contraindications: is not allowed in pregnancy and lactation periods, with allergic reaction, with fructose intolerance, pulmonary hemorrhage, exacerbation of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, with kidney failure.

Side effects: headaches, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, stomatitis, heartburn, heart palpitations.

Проспан форте

Tablets effervescent from cough "Проспан fora" are appointed at a wet cough. They have a wide range of action: they contribute to the dilution of sputum and its excretion, treat inflammatory diseases of the respiratory system. Allowed for admission by children from 4 years of age.

Contraindications: allergic reaction to drug components.

Side effects: laxative effect, dyspnea, nausea, vomiting, mucosal edema.

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For resorption of

This form of tablets makes it possible to quickly relieve unpleasant symptoms in the throat. With resorption, the active substances quickly enter the throat, eliminate pain and perspiration. This form of release can be used as an auxiliary measure in treating the underlying cause of coughing. Types of tablets for absorption are listed in the list:

  • with local anesthetic effect( used for allergic cough, and also help to quickly get rid of sore throat);
  • tablets from cough on herbs( relieve irritation in the throat, have a smaller number of contraindications than others);
  • with antibiotic( most often used in angina);
  • with antimicrobial effect( kill harmful microorganisms in the throat);
  • complex non-steroid preparations( help with sore throat and temperature).
Therapeutic properties and contraindications to the use of eucalyptus http://woman-l.ru/lechebnye-svojstva-evkalipta/

Doctor Mom

The cough tablets "Doctor Mom" ​​are vegetable lozenges used for resorption. They provide not only a calming effect on the irritated throat, but also have an expectorant property. Pastilles are produced with different tastes, but are allowed only for the treatment of adults. Are prescribed for the treatment of the upper respiratory tract.

Contraindications: of individual intolerance, during pregnancy and lactation.

Side effects: manifestation of allergic reactions.


Tablets "Sage" from cough are used for resorption. They are prescribed for dry angina, pharyngitis and other diseases of the upper respiratory tract. They help to fight harmful microorganisms, and also reduce pain in the throat.

The drug is completely herbal, allowed at the age of over 5 years.

Contraindications: for allergic intolerance, acute nephritis, pregnancy and lactation.

These cough tablets are inexpensive, but effective.

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Types of cough

To properly choose a drug, you need to decide on the type of cough. If you treat allergic cough with a remedy for dry, then all actions will be useless. And if you treat dry cough with pills for wet, then there is a big possibility to aggravate the situation even more.

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Dry is called a cough, which does not cause sputum. A person can feel dryness in the throat, severe pain, often a voice is lost. Dry cough can occur as a symptom of many diseases, so in this case, the correct diagnosis is important. In addition to common ARVI, the causes of dry cough may be:

  • inflammation in the airways( trachea, larynx, bronchi);
  • pneumonia;
  • whooping cough;
  • bronchial asthma;
  • pleurisy.

Drugs that fight with a dry cough, contribute to the development of a special secret that will better moisturize the respiratory system and alleviate this symptom.


The drug is expensive, but effective. It is an antitussive drug, which is used both to eliminate symptoms, and to treat colds and flu. It is released in the form of tablets, which must be taken several times a day.

Contraindications: for children, sensitivity to the drug, conditions with abundant bronchial secretion, condition after inhalation anesthesia, intolerance to galactose, deficiency of lactase.

Side effects: dry mouth, temporary loss of sensitivity of the oral mucosa, stomach pain, constipation, rash.


An antitussive drug that is prescribed for dry cough. It can be used for allergies, when a smoker coughs, with flu.

Contraindications: with wet cough, with bronchitis and asthma, hypersensitivity and at the age of 15 years.

Side effects: not detected.

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The so-called wet cough, occurs when a person's body starts to produce a special mucus in larger quantities than usual. This secret is called tracheobronchial, it is produced by the trachea and bronchi. It is needed to remove foreign particles coming in with air, and also to prevent the penetration of bacteria and viruses.

If a person falls ill, then this fluid begins to be produced in a much larger volume than necessary. As a result, this wet environment is a favorable place for the multiplication of pathogens. If approximately 100 milliliters of fluid are produced per day, then up to one and a half liters can be produced during the illness.

Sputum in the form of this secret fills the walls of the respiratory tract, makes breathing difficult and causes a wet cough, which should be treated with expectorants. Sometimes people start taking cough preparations themselves, but do not pay attention to instructions from the package.

If a person with a wet cough will take funds against dry, then can aggravate the course of the disease and worsen his condition. Drugs from a wet cough should dilute sputum and promote its removal from the respiratory tract, and drugs from dry only thicken it more.


Cough pill "Ambrobene" is a popular drug in the treatment of wet cough. It dilutes sputum, which makes it easier to remove from the respiratory tract. The drug is prescribed during flu and cold, with various types of bronchitis and with pneumonia with a wet cough.

Contraindications: The drug is not desirable to take during pregnancy, during breastfeeding, with exacerbation of peptic ulcer and hypersensitivity.

Side effects: skin rash, hives, vomiting, diarrhea, dermatitis, anaphylactic shock.


Tablets against cough "Lazolvan" have both mucolytic and expectorant properties. Used for wet cough of different origin. The drug is strongly contraindicated in children and adolescents, pregnant and lactating women. It is applied in the form of tablets 3 times a day before the onset of recovery.

Contraindications: is strongly contraindicated in children and adolescents, pregnant and lactating women, with lactose intolerance and hypersensitivity to ambroxol.

Side effects: nausea, urticaria, rash, anaphylactic shock.


Tablets from the cough "Ambroxol" also have a double effect: dilute sputum and promote its excretion. This is an inexpensive drug that acts as an analogue of Lazolvana and Ambrobene. The drug is allowed to children in a reduced dosage. Tablets are applied several times a day, are released in a hard shell.

Contraindications: pregnancy, lactation, renal and hepatic insufficiency, individual intolerance.

Side effects: weakness, headache, heartburn, nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, rash, swelling, itching.

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Allergic cough almost always occurs with additional symptoms: a runny nose and watery eyes. In this case, there is no increase in temperature, the general condition remains vigorous, and the cough is characterized by attacks. Particles of the allergen get into the respiratory tract, cause swelling or irritate the mucous, so the person begins to sneeze and cough.

Drugs that fight this type of cough, block the work of histamine receptors that cause allergic symptoms. In this case, we can assume that the remedy can not cure only the symptom, it fights solely with the cause.


Is a drug that blocks histamine receptors, and therefore does not affect the effect, but the cause. It is a cumulative effect, but relief does not come immediately. It is required to be used regularly during the exacerbation several times a day.

Contraindications: hypersensitivity to hifenadine.

Side effects: mild sedative effect, dry mucous, heartburn, headache and joint pain.


Is the most popular drug for eliminating allergic cough and other symptoms. It also affects the receptors themselves, so it eliminates the cause of the cough. It can be used together with drugs for the treatment of dry cough, in order to accelerate the onset of the result.

Contraindications: hypersensitivity to any component of the drug, gastric ulcer, angle-closure glaucoma, acute myocardial infarction, arrhythmia, simultaneous use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors, urinary retention, prostatic hypertrophy.

Side effects: weakness, fatigue, nervousness, dizziness, headache, intraocular pressure, tremor, tachycardia, urinary retention, photosensitivity.

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Preparations for children

Children's cough supplements have the same classification as medications for adults. Differences are only in the dosages and in what exactly the active substances are used in production.

A number of drugs can harm a child's organism, provoke complications and pathologies of development, therefore, when using the drug, the age restrictions specified in the instructions should be strictly observed. In addition, the child is often offered such means that it would be easy or pleasant to use. For example, tablets for resorption with interesting tastes.


Cough tablets "Bromhexine" can become a drug for the whole family, as children are allowed. Appointed in the disease of the lower respiratory tract, when phlegm can not go away itself. Dosage varies from the age of the child, but the drug requires a clear application on the watch several times a day.

Contraindications: The drug is contraindicated for individual intolerance, stomach ulcer, gastric bleeding and 1 trimester of pregnancy.

Side Effects: May cause dizziness and headache.


This is a medicinal plant that can be purchased as a plant product of the same name. It is allowed to children from 2 years old, helps fight sputum production, and also stimulates the work of the lower respiratory tract. Tablets from the cough "Thermopsis" have a low price and are well suited for treating colds.

Contraindications: in pregnancy, peptic ulcer and individual intolerance.

Side effects: skin itching, rashes and shortness of breath.

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Preparations for pregnant women

Sometimes pregnant women refuse medication during colds so as not to harm the fetus. In this case, regular muscle contractions during coughing can cause even greater harm. Use any drug from the pharmacy, a pregnant woman can not, because a number of drugs can affect the course of pregnancy, even if it is a natural herbal diet.

The instructions to the cough medicine must indicate whether it is allowed during pregnancy or breastfeeding. If you follow the prescriptions of the pharmacist and the doctor, choose the tested drugs, then there will be no complications.


Herbal preparation that helps to excrete phlegm, and also fights with inflammation in the airways.

It is affordable and completely harmless for pregnant women and future babies. In very rare cases, when taking Travisila, an allergic reaction is possible.


The preparation has several forms of release, including in the form of tablets( dragees).Suitable for the treatment of exceptionally dry cough, with wet can cause complications.

Contraindications Pregnant should not be afraid of active substances, but before using it is better to consult a doctor. In the period of breastfeeding it is better to exclude the use of the drug.

Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and skin rashes.

  • Jun 05, 2018
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