Glycine is a replaceable amino acid that actively participates in many biochemical processes occurring in the human body. The most important role it plays in the correction of nerve impulses, due to which the psychological state of the patient is normalized. For more information on what Glezin needs, read on in the article.
- What is the
- composition and the form
- release Indications
- How to take
- Side effects
- children during pregnancy
- With alcohol
- vinpocetine( Cavintonum, Cavintonum Forte, Brauninton)
- Ginkgo Biloba Evalar( Tanakan, Ginos, Bilobyl Forte, Ginkoumum, Vitrum Memori, Gingium)
- Doppelherz active Glycine + B-vitamins
- Noben(Idebenone, Neyromet)
- Pantogam( Calcium Gopantenat, Pantokaltsin, Gopantam)
- Pikogam( Pikamilon, Pikanoil, Amilonosar)
- Piracetam( Nootropil, Memotropil, Lutset, Eskotropil)
- piriditol( Encephabol)
- Fezam( Hook, Kombitropil, Piratsin, Omaron)
- Phenazepam( Fesipam, Phenorelaxane, Elzepam, Tranquesipam)
- Phenotropol( Corphedon)
For what is needed
According to the instructions, the drug regulates metabolism,apuskaet and normalizes protective braking process in the central nervous system exhibit antitoxic, alpha 1-adrenoceptor blocking action and antioxidant. The drug also regulates the activity of glutamate receptors.
Due to its properties, Glycine is used for:
- mood improvement;
- increasing physical and mental performance;
- reduce aggressiveness, conflict;
- improvement of the psychoemotional state;
- facilitating sleep, improving sleep;
- increasing the capacity for social adaptation;
- decrease in the manifestations of vegetative-vascular disorders;
- reduce the toxic effect of alcoholic beverages and other suppressive agents of the central nervous system;
- decrease in severity of cerebral disorders after ischemic stroke.
Composition and form of release
Dosage form Glycine - sublingual tablets for resorption under the tongue. The active substance of the preparation is glycine microencapsulated( aminoacetic acid).Its concentration in one tablet is 100 milligrams.to table of contents ^
- Sleep disorder;
- physical and mental exhaustion;
- depressions, neuroses and anxiety conditions( including those that appear because of previous neuroinfections);
- depletion of the body;
- vision impairment;
- alcoholism and hangover syndrome;
- manifestations of deviant behavior in adolescents and children;
- mental retardation in children;
- rehabilitation period after surgical interventions;
- excessive emotionality and excitability;
- ischemic stroke;
- disorders of the vegetative system;
- encephalopathy of various origins( including the effects of prolonged alcohol abuse);
- psycho-emotional overstrain as a result of long and short-term stresses, which could be caused by such factors as conflicts in a narrow society, examinations, changing social conditions, unfavorable social and psychological atmosphere in a team or family, etc.).
How to accept
The drug is intended for sublingual use. The tablet can also be crushed into powder and used translucally( placed between the upper gum and lip until completely dissolved).
Assign Glycine to adults, adolescents and children with temporary emotional difficulties( including memory loss, attention and / or mental performance), deviant behavior, nervous tension and mental retardation of 1 tablet 2-3 times a day. The course of treatment is 14-30 days, depending on the patient's condition and the therapeutic effect.
For functional and organic lesions of the nervous system, accompanied by emotional lability, sleep disturbance and increased excitability, the medication is prescribed:
- Adults and children 3 years and 1 tablet 2-3 times a day for 7-14 days. According to the indications, the course of treatment is repeated after 30 days.
- Children under 3 years of ½ tablets 2-3 times a day for 7-14 days, then 1 tablet for 7-10 days. The maximum daily dose is 100-150 milligrams.
In case of sleep disorders, the medication is taken at bedtime for 20 minutes at 0.5-1 tablets, depending on the age. With ischemic stroke, Glycine should be taken within the first 3-6 hours after the attack. The daily dosage of the drug can be up to 1000 milligrams. Give the pill to the patient must be sublingually or buccally with 1 teaspoon of water. In high doses, the drug takes no more than 1-5 days, then within 1 month - 1-2 tablets 3 times a day.
Medication is used in narcology. Assign 1 tablet 2-3 times a day for 1 month. If necessary, treatment courses are repeated 6 times a year, the allowable interval between therapy is 30 days.to table of contents ^
- Hypersensitivity to components of the preparation;
- children under 2 years;
- decreased blood pressure.
Side effects of
Glycine is well tolerated by the body and does not cause side effects, but in rare cases, an allergic reaction may occur in the form of skin rashes and redness.to table of contents ^
Cases of drug overdose have not been documented, but the following symptoms are noted when taking large doses of Glycine:
- pain in the right side;
- is depressed;
- general retardation;
- impaired coordination;
- pain in the stomach;
If any of these symptoms occur, stop taking the medication and consult a doctor.to the table of contents ^
According to the instructions, Glycin ensures the normal functioning of the nervous system of the child. The medicine supplies the cells with the necessary amount of oxygen, reducing the increased tension, and also relieves the children's organism of the organic substances, phenols, which negatively affect the nervous system.
The drug helps children:
- to memorize and assimilate information;
- to be more assiduous and concentrated;
- activates the work of thought processes.
The drug is recommended to be taken at the beginning of the school year, when the child begins to get used to the training activity and the corresponding loads, which require a lot of effort and intellectual expenses.
To adolescents, the amino acid is prescribed for:
- sudden mood changes that are accompanied by aggressiveness and nervousness;
- sleep disorders.
It is allowed to use tablets for pregnant women and during breastfeeding, but only under the supervision of the attending physician.
Glycine is often prescribed during pregnancy with:
- increased nervous excitability;
- is in a bad mood;
The drug improves the general condition of expectant mothers and prevents the lack of oxygen in the baby.to table of contents ^
Drinking alcohol during the course of therapy with Glycine is not prohibited. When the medicine enters the body, metabolism and metabolism are accelerated, so that alcohol is quickly removed from the human blood. The very process of intoxication after taking the drug is slower by reducing the negative impact of alcohol on the body.
Glycine is recommended to apply and to eliminate hangover 2 tablets 4 times a day.to table of contents ^
Substitutes of the drug with the same active substance are: Glycine, Glycine Vis, Glycine Ozone, Glycine forte Evalar, Glycine Forte, Glycine-MCPA, Glycine-Bio Pharmaplant, Glycine-Bio, Glycine-Kanon, Glycine-Extra.
To the same pharmacological subgroup also include preparations with another active substance, but similar in mechanism of action.to contents ^
Form release - tablets;active substance - meclofenoxate.
Has a psychostimulating, nootropic effect. Assigned as part of a comprehensive treatment for dyscirculatory encephalopathy, asthenia, obsessive states, depressed state, nervous disorders, the consequences of craniocerebral trauma.
Tablets are taken after meals, swallowing whole and with water. Adults are prescribed 300-500 milligrams 3 times a day( the last drug intake is up to 16 hours).Duration of the course is 1-3 months.
Side effects: stomach pain, allergic reactions, heartburn, insomnia, anxiety, increased appetite.
Form release - tablets;active substance - fabomotizol.
The drug is used in adults with anxiety and with various physical pathologies: neurasthenia, generalized anxiety disorders, bronchial asthma, ischemic heart disease, irritable bowel syndrome, arrhythmia, hypertension and so on.
Intended for oral administration after meals. A single dose for adults is 10 milligrams;daily - 30 milligrams. Duration of treatment is 2-4 weeks.
Side effects: allergic reactions, headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting. To reduce the severity of side effects will allow simultaneous administration of Glycine and Afobazol.
Form release - tablets;active substances - L-threonine and pyrodoxin.
Combined product that improves energy supply of tissues and metabolism. Appoints adults, adolescents and children with reduced physical and mental performance, concentration. Also, the drug is indicated to people who abuse alcohol and alcohol withdrawal syndrome.
The tablets are intended for resorption. To increase the mood and mental performance of adults and children is enough to take 1 tablet 2-3 times a day for 5-10 days. Alcohol addicts are prescribed 2-3 tablets 2-3 times a day - up to 7 days.
Side effects: increased sweating, dizziness, allergic reactions with increased sensitivity to vitamin B6.
Form release - capsules;active substances - vinpocetine and piracetam.
The drug has a complex cerebroprotective and nootropic effect. Has a direct relaxing effect on cerebral vessels, thereby increasing cerebral blood flow. Indications for use are: cerebrovascular insufficiency( recovery period after hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke, encephalopathy of various etiology), intoxication, migraine prevention, brain trauma and other CNS diseases, which are accompanied by a decrease in intellectual-mnestic functions.
Assign adults and children from 14 years to 1-2 capsules three times a day. After the condition is improved, the dose is reduced to 1 capsule 2 times a day. Duration of therapy from 2-3 weeks to 3-6 months.
Side effects: irritability, nausea, constipation, decreased appetite, sleep disturbance, headache, anxiety, tachycardia, dizziness.
Vinpocetine( Cavinton, Cavinton Forte, Bravinton)
Form release - tablets, concentrate, solution;active ingredient is vinpocetine.
It is prescribed for acute and chronic forms of cerebral circulatory insufficiency, diseases of the choroid and / or retina, secondary glaucoma, vegetative manifestations of menopausal syndrome, transient ischemic attack, encephalopathy of various origin, stroke and so on.
Vinpocetine is administered intravenously drip in the initial dosage of 20 milligrams, gradually increasing the dose to the maximum( 1 milligram / kilogram weight per day).The course of treatment is 10-14 days, after that the dose is reduced and switched to maintenance therapy, in the form of tablets. Prescribe 5-10 milligrams( 1-2 tablets) three times a day, for a long time.
Side effects: dizziness, a feeling of heat, redness of the skin, frequent heart rate, thrombophlebitis, nausea.
Form release - tablets;active ingredient - gidazepam.
Has anticonvulsant, anti-anxiety and nootropic effect. The drug is prescribed for neuroses and neurotic states( fear, anxiety, emotional lability, irritability, insomnia, psychopathy), migraine, alcohol withdrawal syndrome and alcoholism( in complex therapy), and so on.
Tablets should be taken orally 20-50 milligrams three times a day. According to the testimony, the doctor can increase the dosage to obtain the desired effect. The duration of therapy is from 7-10 days to 1-2 months.
Side effects: myasthenia gravis, lethargy, unsteadiness of gait, drowsiness, short-term memory impairment, decreased ability to concentrate, dyspepsia, allergic reactions, dysmenorrhea, decreased libido, potency.
Ginkgo Biloba Evalar( Tanakan, Ginos, Bilobyl Forte, Ginkoum, Vitrum Memori, Gingium)
Form release - tablets, capsules;active ingredient - extract of dry leaves of ginkgo biloba.
The drug is used in complex therapy and as a means of monotherapy in the following diseases and conditions: discirculatory encephalopathy of various etiologies, decreased ability to learn, memory impairment, uncaused fear, dizziness, diabetic retinopathy, and so on.
The medication is taken orally, tablets and capsules must be swallowed whole during meals without chewing. The duration of therapy and dose are determined by the doctor. Usually the doses are 1-2 capsules( tablets) 1-2 times a day.
Side effects: in rare cases - an allergic reaction, disorders of the gastrointestinal tract.
Form release - solution;active ingredient - deanol aceglumate.
Nootropic with psychostimulating activity is indicated for the treatment of adults and children over 10 years of age. Indications are cerebral vascular diseases, depressive disorders, impaired concentration and memory, mental retardation in children.
The solution is taken orally, the last reception should be no later than 4 hours before bedtime. Adults appoint 1 teaspoon 2-3 times a day. The maximum single dose is 2 teaspoons. Therapeutic daily dose in children 10-12 years is 0.5-1 gram( 1 / 2-1 teaspoon), over 12 years - 1-2 grams( 1-2 teaspoons).Duration of therapy is 1.5-2 months 2-3 times a year.
Side effects: headaches, weight loss, sleep disorders, constipation.
Doppelherz active Glycine + B-vitamins
Form release - capsules;active ingredients - glycine, vitamins B1 and B12.
The drug is designed to reduce psycho-emotional stress and increase mental performance. In addition, the drug reduces the degree of vegetovascular disorders, the consequences of cerebral hemorrhage, strokes, shocks, as well as the effects of alcoholic beverages and medications that adversely affect the central nervous system.
The drug is taken 1 capsule 1 time per day after or during a meal. Duration of therapy is 30 days.
Side effects: nausea, vomiting, redness of the skin.
Noben( Idebenon, Neuromet)
Form release - capsules;the active substance is idebenon.
A nootropic drug is indicated for attention or memory impairment, headaches, dizziness, asthenic conditions, depression, tinnitus, decreased productivity of mental work, reduced overall activity, emotional instability.
Assign inside 30 milligrams 2-3 times a day. Duration of therapy is 1.5-2 months. Depending on the severity of the symptoms, the courses are repeated 2-3 times a year.
Side effects: headache, mental agitation, falling asleep, dyspepsia, allergic reaction.
Pantogam( Calcium Gopantenate, Pantokaltsin, Hopantam)
Form release - tablets, syrup;active ingredient is calcium gopantenate.
The drug improves memory, mental activity, improves metabolic processes, has an anticonvulsant effect, increases the organism's resistance to hypoxia, and reduces the reaction to painful irritations.
Assign inside 15-30 minutes after eating. A single dose for adults is 0.5-1 grams, for children 0.25-0.5 grams. The daily dose for adults is 1.5-3 grams, for children 0.75-3 grams. The course of therapy lasts 1-4 months. Children are often prescribed Pantogam at the same time as Glycine, the second drug enhances the action of gopanthenic acid.
Side effects: allergic reactions in the form of skin rashes, rhinitis, conjunctivitis.
Form release - tablets;active ingredients - Valerian dry extract, lemon balm, peppermint.
Phytomedication with sedative effect is prescribed for insomnia, irritability, increased nervous excitability.
Tablets are taken orally regardless of food. Adults and adolescents with 12 years of age are prescribed 2-3 tablets 2-3 times a day. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 12 tablets.
Side effects: bronchospasm, skin rash, allergic dermatitis, peripheral edema, constipation.
Pikogam( Pikamilon, Picanoyl, Amilonosar)
Form release - tablets, solution;the active substance is nicotinoyl-gamma-aminobutyric acid.
Indications: depressive disorders, asthenia, conditions accompanied by fear, anxiety, emotional lability, increased irritability. Also, the drug is prescribed as part of complex therapy to stop acute alcohol intoxication, with chronic alcoholism - to reduce asthenic-neurotic, asthenic, postpsychotic conditions.
Tablets are taken orally, regardless of food. Depending on the severity of the disease appoint 20-50 milligrams 2-3 times a day. Parenterally administered intramuscularly and intravenously. The daily dose is 200-400 milligrams, the course is 15-30 days.
Side effects: irritability, skin rashes, dizziness, anxiety, itching, headache, agitation, irritability.
Pyracetam( Nootropil, Memotropil, Lucetam, Escotropin)
Form release - capsules, tablets, syrup, solution;the active substance is piracetam.
Psychoanaleptic is prescribed for memory impairment, decreased concentration, dizziness, brain trauma, Alzheimer's disease, cerebral circulation disorder after ischemic stroke, sickle cell anemia, learning disability in children.
The drug is used inside and intravenously. Parenterally, intravenously administered at an initial dose of 10 grams;in severe conditions by intravenous drip for 20-30 minutes - up to 12 grams / day;After the improvement, the dose is reduced and switched to oral use. Inside at the beginning of therapy prescribed for 250 milligrams 3 times a day for 6-8 weeks. The daily dose is determined from the calculation of 30-150 mg / kg of weight, the frequency of reception - 2-3 times a day.
Side effects: motor disinhibition, nervous excitation, irritability, decreased ability to concentrate, sleep disturbance, anxiety, nausea, constipation, vomiting, headache, decreased appetite, tremor, convulsions.
Form release - tablets, dragees, syrup;the active substance is pyrithinol.
Benefits the metabolic processes in the central nervous system, reducing the excessive formation of lactic acid, accelerating the penetration of glucose and improving the penetration of free fatty acids, acetic acid and amino acids into brain tissue. Also, the drug increases the resistance of brain tissue to hypoxia. Indications for the application of pyriditol are: weakness, neurotic and adynamic states of organic origin, vascular and traumatic pathologies of the brain, delayed mental development, and so on.
The medication is taken orally after meals in 15-20 minutes( the last reception no later than 17 hours).A single dose for adults is 0.1-0.3 grams;children - 0.05-0.1 grams. The daily intake for adults is 0.2-0.6 grams;children - 0.05-0.3 grams. Syrup prescribed for children 0.5 teaspoon 1-3 times a day, depending on the age. The course of therapy - 1-3 months.
Side effects: insomnia, nausea, headache, sleep disturbance, irritability.
Form release - tablets;the active substance is an aqueous-alcohol mixture of affinity purified antibodies.
Homeopathic nootropic preparation has an anti-anxiety, soothing effect. Assign a medicine for psychosomatic diseases, neurotic-like and neurotic states, stress disorders with increased nervous tension, moderately pronounced organic lesions of the central nervous system. Tenoten can be taken simultaneously with glycine.
The tablets should be kept in the mouth until completely dissolved. Assign 1-2 tablets 2-3 times a day. The course of therapy is 1-3 months, if necessary, treatment is continued up to 6 months.
Side effects: allergic reaction.
Fezam( NooCam, Combotropil, Piratsin, Omaron)
Form release - capsules;active ingredients - piracetam, cinnarizine.
A drug that improves the metabolism and circulation of the brain. It is shown with intoxication;diseases of the central nervous system with a decrease in intellectual-mnestic functions( mood, memory impairment, attention);cerebral circulatory insufficiency;asthenic syndrome of psychogenic origin;Meniere syndrome, prevention of migraine, kinetosis;Labyrinthopathy( tinnitus, dizziness, vomiting, nausea).
Side effects: drowsiness, nervousness, depression, ataxia, skin rashes, swelling, itching, abdominal pain, diarrhea, increased sexual activity, anxiety, imbalance. Contraindications: pregnancy, age 5 years, lactation, renal and / or hepatic insufficiency, Huntington's chorea, psychomotor agitation at the time of prescribing, intolerance to the drug. to contents ^
Phenazepam( Fesipam, Phenorelaxan, Elzepam, Tranquesipam)
Form release - solution, tablets;active ingredient is phenazepam.
Indications for the treatment of drugs are: reactive psychoses;neurotic, neurotic, psychopathic and other conditions, which are accompanied by tension, irritability, emotional lability;autonomic dysfunction, sleep disorders;stiff muscles;nervous tics and hyperkinesis;vegetative lability.
The average dose for adults is 0.5-1 milligram 2-3 times a day. The maximum daily dose is 10 milligrams. Depending on the severity of the disease, the dose is adjusted by the attending physician.
Side effects: dizziness, confusion, headache, muscle spasm, anxiety, lakopenia, heartburn, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea or constipation, respiratory failure, increased or decreased libido and so on.
Form release - tablets, powder for internal reception;active ingredient is aminophenylbutyric acid.
Nootropic remedy, which has a tranquilizing, antiplatelet, psycho-stimulating and antioxidant effect. Indications for use are: anxiety-neurotic and asthenic conditions, neurosis, obsessive states, anxiety, psychopathy, tics and stammering in children, insomnia, dizziness, primary open-angle glaucoma and so on.
Take internally regardless of food. Adults and adolescents from 14 years of age are prescribed 200-500 milligrams;children under 8 years old - 50-100 milligrams;8-14 years - 250 milligrams. Multiplicity of admission - 3 times a day, if necessary, increase the dose.
Side effects: increased excitation, irritability, dizziness, drowsiness, nausea, headache, allergic reaction( rash, itching).
Form release - tablets;active ingredient is phenotropil.
Nootropic medicine helps improve blood flow to the brain and cognitive functions( memory, thinking, attention, etc.).In addition, the drug has a psychostimulating effect, improving endurance with increased emotional stress, mood swings, stress and other similar conditions. Due to these properties, nootropics are used in the treatment of central nervous system diseases, such as cerebral circulatory insufficiency, asthenia, neurosis, depression, withdrawal from alcohol and drugs, and so on.
Tablets are taken orally after a meal. The average single dose is 150-200 milligrams, the average daily dose is 750 milligrams. The daily dose should be divided into 2 divided doses. The duration of therapy, depending on the disease and the severity of the course, can range from 2 weeks to 3 months.
Side effects: insomnia, skin hyperemia, psychomotor agitation, sensation of heat, increased blood pressure.
Form release - solution;the active substance is a complex of peptides derived from the pig's brain.
Nootropics are prescribed for Alzheimer's disease, ischemic stroke, chronic cerebrovascular insufficiency, mental retardation in children, spinal cord and brain injuries, hyperactivity and attention deficit in children, endogenous depression.
The drug is administered intravenously. Duration of use and dose depend on the severity and nature of the disease, and also the age of the patient. The recommended course of therapy is 10-20 days. The dose can vary from 5 to 30 milliliters per day.
Side effects: sweating, fever, dizziness, diarrhea, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, burning and itching at the injection site, skin hyperemia, neck pain, shortness of breath, and so on.
Form release - tablets;the active ingredient is cinnarizine.
The drug positively affects the peripheral, cerebral and cardiac circulation;improves microcirculation. Indications for its use are the following: dyscirculatory encephalopathy, ischemic stroke, migraine, prevention of kinetosis( motion sickness, air and seasickness) and so on.
Tablets should be taken after a meal. For adults, depending on the disease, the dose can be 25-75 milligrams 3 times a day;for children - 12-25 milligrams 3 times a day.
Side effects: fatigue, dry mouth, drowsiness, headache, indigestion, skin rashes, sweating, lowering blood pressure, allergic reactions, weight gain.
Form of release - tablets of sublingual;active substances - glycine, cystine, glutamic acid.
Combined drug showing antioxidant and antihypoxic effect, increases the contractility of the heart muscle, improves the quality of life of patients with chronic insufficiency, accelerates recovery of work capacity after intensive physical exertion in children.
The tablet should be placed under the tongue until completely dissolved. Adults and children from 12 years of age are prescribed 1 tablet three times a day. The course of treatment is 1-3 months.
Side effects: allergic reactions in the form of skin rashes, redness, itching.