What is hirudotherapy, indications and contraindications

Hirudotherapy( treatment with leeches) has a long enough history. Bleeding has long been considered the most effective way of treating many diseases, among which the main place was occupied by diseases of the cardiovascular system. However, in addition to many testimonies, hirudotherapy also has contraindications, which you should familiarize with before starting treatment.

  • procedure
  • Use treatment leeches
  • Indications
  • When varices
  • When osteochondrosis
  • In
  • Gynecology In
  • Urology When
  • hemorrhoids When infertility
  • In
  • dentistry When
  • allergy in
  • Neurology In
  • cosmetology Slimming
  • Contraindications
  • Complications
  • Calcohol
  • When pregnancy
  • For children


Before the hirudotherapy, the patient is recommended a special diet that excludes fats, acute pripravens, sweets and fried dishes. In addition, a medical leech is a sensitive enough organism and will never begin to treat a drunk or dirty person. It does not stick to it and if the patient smells of cigarettes or perfume.

The patient is seated on a couch, a place where a leech will suck in, handle with alcohol, then clean with a cotton swab soaked in a special syrup or water. Then the leech is transferred to a test tube, and from there to the marked points.

The leech has 3 jaws with which it bites the human skin to a depth of 1.5 millimeters. One leech can suck from 5 to 15 milliliters of blood. After the procedure, almost as much blood will be released from the wound within a few hours.

The leech first slowly introduces the secret of the salivary glands into the human blood, and then begins to suck it off. In the field of action on the diseased organ, up to 80% of all biologically active substances are found. On average, the procedure hirudotherapy lasts about an hour. Leeches themselves decide when the treatment needs to be completed and fall away from the site of the bite. The doctor selects the duration of the treatment course individually for each patient. In most cases it is necessary to pass 7-10 sessions of 1-3 per week.

The place for setting up a "small doctor" and the number of sessions the doctor sets determines the location of the disease and the complexity of its course.

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The benefits of leech treatment

The secret to the use of medical leeches is in the special saliva formulation. It contains a large number of biologically active enzymes and substances that have a beneficial effect on the human body. Important among them are orelase, hirudin and destabilase, and in total there are about 100 useful substances.

Enzymes contained in the saliva of leeches help to increase the defenses of the body, cleanse the blood, relieve the bloodstream, activate the work of internal organs, improve blood circulation. Also active substances help to fight cholesterol plaques and formation of thrombi.

There is an opinion that hirudotherapy can replace hormonal, antibacterial and other drugs. Specialists say that only with the help of leeches can one cure a disease is impossible, but they can speed up the healing process or enhance the desired curative effect in diseases such as:

  • Bronchial asthma.
  • IHD, atherosclerosis.
  • Hypertension( high blood pressure).
  • Thrombophlebitis.
  • Skin lesions( psoriasis, herpes).
  • Infertility.
  • Arthritis, gout, arthrosis, etc.
  • Diabetes mellitus.
  • Stroke, etc.

Hirudotherapy is useful in diseases of the liver, lungs, kidneys. Patients notice that they have reduced pain syndrome, eliminated hyperthermia and improves overall health. Also leeches are used for eye diseases( glaucoma, inflammation).In addition, leeches contribute to an increase in tone, relieve nervous tension, improve appetite and sleep, and rejuvenate the body.

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With varicose

Treatment stimulates blood circulation and helps strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Hirudin, excreted by a leech with saliva, is a natural biologically active enzyme that improves metabolism and prevents the formation of blood clots. At the initial stage of the disease, a complete cure or stopping of its development is possible.

Read also about the features of the use of Aspirin for blood thinning http://woman-l.ru/kak-prinimat-aspirin-dlya-razzhizheniya-krovi/
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In case of osteochondrosis

Non-inflammatory lesions of cartilage tissues and joints resulting frommetabolic or circulatory disorders, misdiagnosed or heavy loads, injuries, are successfully treated with hirudotherapy. Treatment is aimed at reducing pain, stopping the progression and increasing the motor work of the joints. In the saliva that leeches give off when bitten, there is a natural anesthetic enzyme that helps improve the condition of the patient.

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In gynecology

Leeches have a complex effect on the body of a woman and normalize the work of the entire reproductive system. Hirudotherapy in gynecology helps to avoid surgical intervention in the presence of the patient's individual gynecological diseases and cure infertility, if it is associated with the presence of adhesive processes in the fallopian tubes.

Also the use of leeches has a positive effect in the treatment of the following female diseases:

  • Adnexitis.
  • Myoma of the uterus.
  • Vulvovaginitis.
  • Endometritis.
  • Endometriosis.
  • Mastitis.
  • Ovarian cyst.
  • Parameter.
  • Ovarian dysfunction.
  • Bartholinitis.
  • Premenstrual and climacteric syndromes.
  • Anorgasmia( absence of orgasm).
  • Chronic inflammatory pathologies of female genital organs.

Leeches for the treatment of gynecological diseases can be established in the inguinal, losilar, sacral and( or) perianal area. With an intravaginal installation, the leech is placed on the cervix.

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In urology

Hirudotherapy in this area can be used as an independent method of treatment, and as an additional therapy. Given the features of the course and complication of urological diseases, it is considered that such treatment is an effective technique.

The components of saliva leech quickly eliminate the causes and pathogens of diseases improve local blood circulation and lymphatic drainage.
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Hirudotherapy in urology is indicated in the following diseases:

  • Prostate adenoma and chronic prostatitis.
  • Chronic renal failure, paranephritis, pyelonephritis, diabetic kidney damage, consequences and complications of kidney trauma, glomerulonephritis.
  • Elephoid scrotum, paraphimosis, priapism in men.
  • Cystalgia in women.
  • Cystitis, urethritis, paracystitis and other inflammatory diseases of the genitourinary system.

In the treatment of prostatitis using leeches helps to improve the blood supply of tissues, eliminating the very cause of the appearance of the disease - stagnation. At an early stage, you can completely get rid of the disease, not allowing the need for surgical intervention in the future. At the advanced stage is an excellent addition to the methods of traditional medicine. They put leeches in the liver, under the solar plexus, in the lonely zone, on the coccyx.

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With hemorrhoids

In the early stages of the disease with the help of hirudotherapy, in many cases it is possible to achieve complete disappearance of enlarged hemorrhoids.

The use of leeches with hemorrhoids contributes to:

  • Swelling of the edema.
  • Reduced blood stagnation in the veins.
  • Elimination of hemorrhoids.
  • Disappearing pain syndrome.

Thanks to the active substances that leeches inject into the blood along with saliva, immunity is stimulated and the resistance of the body increases. The pronounced anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial effect of their saliva helps to reduce the painful sensations in the disease. Using leeches with hemorrhoids improves blood circulation and eliminates blood stagnation in the veins.

Hirudotherapy is used exclusively for external forms of the disease. Leeches are placed on biologically active points in the coccyx and sacrum, sometimes on external hemorrhoids.
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With infertility

In the treatment of female infertility hirudotherapy is effective if it is caused by solderings in the fallopian tubes. Due to better circulation, adhesions can dissolve, and the thickness of the endometrium can increase. In addition, hirudin has a beneficial effect on the formation of female sex hormones, which is also necessary for successful conception.

With such problems, leeches are attached to the area near the navel, in the lower abdomen also in the vaginal area and on the sacrum.

In male infertility hirudotherapy also gives a positive effect due to an improvement in metabolism in the tissues of the prostate. In addition, after treatment with leeches markedly improves the spermogram of a man. Install leeches on the area of ​​the coccyx and sacrum, in the perineum and around the anus.

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In dentistry

The procedure is applied for the treatment of the following dental diseases:

  • Periodit.
  • Alveolitis.
  • Chronic periodontitis.
  • Red flat lichen.
  • Neuralgia of the trigeminal nerve.
  • Aphthous stomatitis.
  • Gingivitis.
  • Leukoplakia.
  • Periodontal disease.
  • Melkersson-Rosenthal Syndrome, etc.

Before installing a leech, the patient is treated with antiseptic treatment of the oral cavity and massage in the area of ​​application. After this, the leech is fixed with a syringe to the attachment site. After 10-15 minutes, if the leech has not disappeared on its own, it is removed by lifting a tampon with a 3% alcohol solution of iodine to it. After the procedure, the patient is treated with an antiseptic bite site and a sterile swab is applied.

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With the allergy of

Leeches are excellent at treating such allergy symptoms:

  • Runny nose.
  • Hives.
  • Neurodermatitis.
  • Asthma, etc.

The following zones are selected for posing leeches, which depend on the cause and nature of the allergy:

  • Lumbar region.
  • Neck.
  • Right hypochondrium.
  • The sternum( in the region of the 5th rib).
  • Epigastric area.
  • Sacrum.
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In neurology

There is an opinion that the enzymes released by worms into the human body contribute to the restoration of nerve endings and the increased growth of nerve cells. It has already been proved that the nerves are restored, but very slowly. Speeding up the process is possible due to bloodletting by leeches. This is very effective especially during the rehabilitation period after a stroke, with Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, in the treatment of hearing and visual impairment.

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In cosmetology

Hirudotherapy for cosmetic purposes is used to combat wrinkles, flabbiness of the face, acne, swelling, acne, post-pitting scars, stagnant spots. Also the method is used for various forms of hair loss.

Hirudotherapy can be included in comprehensive treatment programs or used alone. A positive result is visible after the first sessions. Experts recommend to spend from 3 to 10 sessions every 2-3 days. For one procedure, up to 10 medical leeches are used.

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For weight loss

A separate direction of hirudotherapy is the fight against excess weight and obesity. This method gives a stable positive result. Enzymes saliva leeches perfectly dissolve fat and promote better blood circulation in the tissues, which helps to effectively lose weight and get rid of cellulite. It takes from 12 to 15 procedures, 2-3 leeches per day.

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However, before starting treatment with hirudotherapy, you should know not only about the benefits, but also about existing contraindications:

  • Low blood pressure or hypotension. Bleeding can lower pressure, which is extremely undesirable for hypotonic patients. End hirudotherapy for them dizziness, loss of consciousness.
  • Hemophilia. For patients with poor blood coagulation, each mechanical damage to the integrity of blood vessels causes a large loss of blood.
  • Anemia. This therapy is not recommended for people with serious forms of anemia, as leeches affect the level of red blood cells and platelets in the blood.
  • With cachexia and a decline in strength, doctors prohibit the use of hirudotherapy. This is due to the fact that the loss of blood in this case can cause deterioration of well-being and the development of chronic fatigue syndrome. Especially dangerous leeches with exhaustion, which is the consequence of anemia.
  • The presence of malignant formations and during the period of active metastasis precludes the application of the procedure for treatment because of the possibility of open bleeding.
  • During the period of a month, it is recommended to interrupt treatment with hirudotherapy due to natural loss of blood.
  • With individual intolerance to enzymes, which can occur due to substances that make up the saliva of leech. Determine this contraindication is possible only after the first session.

Leeches and people who have a pacemaker are contraindicated. Also it is impossible to conduct hirudotherapy with hepatitis, cirrhosis, stomach ulcer, cold and viral infections.

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Complications of

The setting of leeches should be performed correctly. Some believe that there should be many, but this is not true and the result of such actions may be a violation of the outflow of blood along the vascular bed, which causes:

  • Sharp weakness.
  • Headaches.
  • Blood pressure jumps, down to syncope.

Also incorrectly chosen leech sucking points and carrying out the procedure for the first time can cause an allergic reaction in the form of rash, itchy skin.

It is dangerous to put a leech on a large vein. In her saliva contains substances that dilute the blood, when it enters the vein or large capillary bleeding is difficult to stop.
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With alcohol

Before the procedure, you should not drink alcohol and smoke, because the smell of alcohol and tobacco can disorient the leech, and it can not suck.

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In pregnancy

Hirudotherapy for women in the second and third trimester of pregnancy is contraindicated. This is due to the fact that pregnant women by 15-16 weeks, there is a significant dilution of blood, and if you use more leeches, the blood and does cease to collapse. The consequences of this may be miscarriage or premature birth. The procedure is contraindicated within 4 months after cesarean section.

Opposite situation in the first 3 months of pregnancy. At this time, hirudotherapy sessions can help prevent miscarriage, as one of the reasons for premature termination of pregnancy is the propensity of the expectant mother to blood clots. To dilute the blood it will be enough to perform 2-3 procedures.

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For children

Leeches treatment in most cases is used in pediatric neurology for circulatory disorders of the peripheral nerves and brain. Basically, this is a violation of the outflow of blood, as a result of which insufficient oxygen enters the tissues, which can lead to various dysfunctions of the nervous system. The method can be administered to children from 10 months.

The indications of hirudotherapy are:

  • Frequent headaches.
  • Sleep disturbances.
  • Delay in mental or physical development.
  • Decreased muscle tone.
  • Irritability, aggressiveness, hyperactivity.
  • cerebral palsy.
  • Increased intracranial pressure.
  • Jun 07, 2018
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