Lure is a new food in the baby's diet, which he receives to switch to adult nutrition. Introduction of complementary foods is a serious step in the life of the baby, which must be done with observance of the basic rules, so as not to harm the health of the child. It is best to introduce complementary feeding for breastfeeding according to the schemes developed by pediatricians.
- When to start
- Basic rules
- Baby feeding scheme
- By Komarovsky
When to start
Most pediatricians agree with this, but advise not to rush and take into account the individual factors of infant development.
It is believed that the baby is ready to introduce new food into the diet if:
- Gains weight well and by the time of introduction of complementary food weighs twice as much as the weight at birth.
- He had his first tooth.
- His physical activity has increased dramatically.
- He holds his head well.
- He sits on his own.
- He revives at the sight of food and shows an interest in the products, trying to try them.
- The child does not consume only breast milk.
Basic rules of
- The complementary feeding only supplements breastfeeding, but does not replace it, so you should not rush to abolish breastfeeding.
- You need to introduce new products when the baby is healthy, and his stool is in perfect order.
- The first lure should be given to the baby before the second morning feeding.
- The lure is offered to the child only with a spoon.
- The first lure of the baby is recommended semi-liquid consistency, the density of which should be increased gradually.
- To introduce complementary foods you need minimum portions( no more than 5-10 milliliters), gradually, within a week, increasing the dose to 50-100 milliliters.
- For one reception it is possible to introduce the child into the diet only one new product. It must be one-component. The next new product is introduced only a week later.
- Behavior of the child after the introduction of new products and his reaction to complementary feeding is the main indicator for the mother. If the baby refuses the new food, and his digestive system does not cope - it is better to wait with the lure.
Toddler feeding scheme
|Vegetable puree, mg||10-50||60-100||150||170||180||200|
|Vegetable oil, ml||1-3||3||3||5||5||6|
|Fruit puree, mg||5-30||30-50||60-70||70-80||90-100|
|Fruit juices, ml||5-50||60-70||70-80||90-100|
|Milk porridge, mg||50-70||100-120||130-160||200|
|Meat puree, mg||5-30||30-50||50||60-70|
|Crackers and biscuits, mg||1-3||3-5||7||10-15|
|Sour-milk products, ml||100-200||200||400-600|
|Wheat bread, mg||5||10|
According to Komarovsky
The well-known doctor Komarovsky also advises to introduce lure to babies during breastfeeding not earlier than six months.
The motivation for this choice is simple: the
- product is more similar in composition to breast milk;
- does not cause allergies;
- increases the immunity of the child.
According to the Komarovsky system, the introduction of complementary foods should be carried out according to the following scheme:
- The first day is 10-15 milliliters of low-fat kefir.
- The second day - we increase the dose of kefir to 20-30 milliliters.
- The third day is 40-60 milliliters.
- The fourth day - 80-120 milliliters. In kefir is also added one teaspoon of cottage cheese and carefully rubbed.
- The fifth day - increases the dose of cottage cheese to two teaspoons, and the amount of kefir - up to 150 milliliters.
- After a week, the portion of fermented milk production should be:
- kefir - 150 milliliters,
- curd - 30 grams.