Diarrhea is a nuisance that can happen to anyone and at the most inopportune moment. Liquid stools are often accompanied by intoxication of the body, especially when it lasts for several days. To prevent this and quickly eliminate unpleasant symptoms, it is recommended in the home medicine cabinet to always keep inexpensive and effective pills against diarrhea.
- Activated charcoal( Sorbeks, Karbopekt, Ultra-adsorption)
- Probiotics for restoring the natural intestinal microflora
- Antibiotics and antimicrobials
- Alpha Normiks( Rifaximin)
- Loperamide( Ledium, Suprilol, Diar, Stoperan, Loflatil, Enterobene, Pyramid, Imodium)
- Enterofuril( Stopdiar, nifuroxazide, Ekofuril, ersefuril)
If the diarrhea was caused by a poisoning, to neutralize the negative impact of harmful substances is possible by means of adsorbents. This is the most inexpensive and effective pill from the stomach and diarrhea, which have the property of binding and removing toxins from the body.
Activated charcoal( Sorbex, Carbopect, Ultra-Adsorbent)
Take 250-750 milligrams( up to 1 tablet per 10 kilograms of body weight) inside up to 4 times a day.
Side effects of : constipation possible, with prolonged use - hypovitaminosis.
Contraindications : bleeding from the digestive tract, ulcer.to contents ^
Probiotics for the restoration of natural intestinal microflora
Are prescribed for the treatment of intestinal dysbiosis and the prevention of diarrhea when taking antibacterial medications. A group of drugs contains microorganisms( yeast, beneficial bacteria) that can suppress the growth of pathogenic bacteria and fungi in the lumen of the intestine, normalizing their own microflora and eliminating diarrhea.to contents ^
Produced in tablets, capsules, candles, powder.
Active substance - bifidobacteria bifidum.
With dysbacteriosis take 1 tablet 2-3 times a day for 2-4 weeks. In severe cases, the dose can be increased 2 times. The medication is taken 30 minutes before meals or 1.5 hours after.
Side effects of : sometimes allergic reaction.
Contraindications : children under 3 years old, hypersensitivity to the active substance of the medication.to contents ^
The active ingredient is hydrolysing lignin.
Tablets are prescribed for oral administration, if necessary - after preliminary shredding, with water, 1 hour before meals and taking other medications. Adults and children over 12 years of age are prescribed 2-3 tablets three times a day;from 8 to 12 years - 1-2 tablets three times a day;from 3 to 7 years - 1 tablet 3 times a day;from 1 to 3 years - 0.5 tablets three times a day. The average course duration is 2-3 weeks.
Side effects of : rarely flatulence, allergic reaction.
Contraindications : gastrointestinal bleeding, intestinal obstruction, galactosemia, hypersensitivity to the drug.to contents ^
Available in capsules;active ingredient is lebenin.
The medication is prescribed orally immediately after meals: newborns and children under 2 years of age - 1 capsule three times a day;from 2 to 12 years - 1-2 capsules 3 times a day;adults and children over 12 years - 2 capsules three times a day. The duration of therapy depends on the individual characteristics of the organism and the causes of diarrhea.
Side effects of : the drug is well tolerated, but the development of an allergic reaction is not ruled out.
Contraindications : hypersensitivity to any of the components of the drug.to table of contents ^
Available in capsules, powders;the active ingredient is lyophilized bacteria.
An antidiarrhoeal drug regulating the balance of the intestinal microflora is prescribed to adults and children from the age of three 1-2 capsules twice a day for 7-10 days. To children from 1 to 3 years, the drug is prescribed 1 capsule twice a day for 5 days. It is recommended to take the medicine 1 hour before meals and drink with a small amount of liquid. In case of difficulty swallowing or small children, the capsule can be opened and dissolved in warm water.
Side effects of : sometimes manifestations of an allergic reaction.
Contraindications : hypersensitivity to the active substance, the presence of a central venous catheter.to the table of contents ^
Antibiotics and antimicrobials
Tablets of this group have antimicrobial, antidiarrheal, anti-inflammatory effect. Medications reduce the number of urges to emptying, slow down peristalsis, increase the time of passage of the contents through the intestine.to table of contents ^
Alpha Normix( Rifaximin)
Produced in tablets, granules;active ingredient is rifaximin.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic is prescribed for the treatment of gastrointestinal infections in adults and children over 12 years of age at 200 milligrams every 8 hours or 400 milligrams every 8-12 hours. The duration of therapy is no more than 7 days.
Side effects of : in some cases - nausea, vomiting, pain in the abdomen, which themselves disappear without the need for dose changes or suspension of treatment.
Contraindications : hypersensitivity to rifaximin.to contents ^
The active substance is tilbroquinol.
Antidiarrhoeal tablets for diarrhea for adults appoint 2 pieces in the morning and in the evening for 10 days.
Side effects of : skin reactions( hives, erythema pigmentation, Quincke's edema) can rarely occur; in case of prolonged use, peripheral neuropathy and transient optic nerve disorders are sometimes observed.
Contraindications : hypersensitivity to the main substance of the drug, with caution in liver failure.to contents ^
Produced in tablets, capsules, drops, solution. The active substance is chloramphenicol.
A broad-spectrum antibiotic used for infectious and inflammatory diseases of various origins.
When diarrhea is prescribed for adults - 500 milligrams to 4 times a day. A single dose for children up to three years of age is 15 milligrams per kilogram of body weight, 3-8 years - 150-200 milligrams, over 8 years - 200-400 milligrams;the frequency of reception is 3-4 times a day. Treatment should be continued no more than 7-10 days.
Side effects of : nausea, vomiting, thrombocytopenia, headache, confusion, skin rash, urticaria.
Contraindications : pregnancy, lactation, blood disease, children under 1 month, skin diseases( eczema, psoriasis), liver dysfunction.to contents ^
Loperamide( Lopeidium, Suprilol, Diar, Stoperan, Loflatil, Enterobene, Pyramid, Imodium)
Produced in tablets, capsules;the active substance is loperamide.
In acute diarrhea, adults are assigned the first dose of 4 milligrams, then 2 milligrams after each defecation in the case of a loose stool. With chronic diarrhea, the first dose is 2 milligrams, then the supporting dose is selected in such a way that the frequency of emptying is no more than 1-2 times a day. Children from 4 to 8 years - 1 milligram 3-4 times a day for 3 days;9-12 years - 2 milligrams 4 times a day for 5 days.
Side effects of : bloating, pain in the abdomen, dry mouth, drowsiness, fatigue, skin rash.
Contraindications : constipation, intestinal obstruction, acute ulcerative colitis, children under 4 years, 1 trimester of pregnancy, hypersensitivity.to contents ^
The active ingredient is sulphaguanidine.
Antibacterial drug of a broad spectrum of action, taken with diarrhea and acute intestinal infections: adults single dose is 1-2 grams, the frequency of reception: the 1st day - 6 times, the 2-3rd day - 5 times, the 4th - 4fold, 5-th - 3 times a day. The course of treatment is not more than 5-7 days. Children under three years of age - 200 milligrams per kilogram of body weight per day in 3 doses for 7 days;children older than 3 years - 400-750 milligrams( depending on the age) up to 4 times a day.
Side effects of : development of vitamin B deficiency, crystalluria.
Contraindications : Hypersensitivity to the active substance.to table of contents ^
Produced in tablets, ointments;active ingredient is tetracycline.
The drug has a bacteriostatic effect due to inhibition of the synthesis of protein pathogens.
From diarrhea, adults should take 250-500 milligrams inside every 6 hours. Children older than 8 years - 25-50 milligrams per kilogram of body weight every 6 hours.
Side effects of : headache, skin rash, abdominal pain, neutropenia, etc.
Contraindications : pregnancy, lactation, fungal infections, hepatic insufficiency, hypersensitivity to the main substance.to contents ^
The active ingredient is phthalylsulfatiazole.
Adults should take 1-2 grams every 6 hours for 5-7 days. The maximum dose for adults: single 2 grams, daily - 7 grams. Children under the age of three, 0.5 grams 3 times a day, after 3 years - 0.1-0.2 milligram( depending on the age) no more than 4 times a day.
Side effects of : sometimes allergic reaction.
Contraindications : hypersensitivity to the active substance.to contents ^
The active ingredient is nitrofurantoin.
is a broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent for adults 50-100 milligrams up to 4 times a day. The daily dose for children is 5-7 milligrams per kilogram of body weight in 3-4 divided doses. Duration of treatment - 7 days.
Side effects of : cough, chest pain, headache, drowsiness, allergic rash, etc.
Contraindications : children under 1 month, heart failure 2-3 stages, pregnancy, lactation, cirrhosis, kidney failure.to contents ^
The active ingredient is furazolidone.
To treat dysentery, paratyphoid, food toxic infections, adults are prescribed 100-150 milligrams after meals up to 4 times a day for 5-10 days( the duration of therapy depends on the severity and nature of the pathological process).In the same dosage, the drug can be taken in cycles of 3-6 days( intervals - 3-4 days).Dosage for children is 10 milligrams per kilogram of body weight per day( the daily dose should be divided into 3-4 doses).
Side effects of : may cause vomiting, nausea, decreased appetite;in some cases, an allergic reaction may occur.
Contraindications : pregnancy, lactation, chronic renal failure, children under 1 year of age, hypersensitivity to antibiotics of the group nitrofurans.to table of contents ^
Enterofuril( Stopdiar, Nifuroxazid, Ekofuril, Ersefuril)
Is available in capsules, suspensions;the active substance is nifruksazide.
When diarrhea adults and children over 7 years old take 200 milligrams not more than 4 times a day;children from 2 to 7 years - 200 milligrams 3 times a day. Children under 2 years of age are prescribed medication in suspension.
Side effects of : rarely allergic reaction.
Contraindications : premature newborns, babies under 1 month, hypersensitivity to nitrofuran derivatives.to the table of contents ^
In the treatment of diarrhea in very young children it is better to use drugs in the form of powders. If possible, the tablet for diarrhea should be grinded to a powdery state before giving the baby.
In case of dehydration in parallel with the main therapy, it is necessary to take rehydration as a drink - Regidron , Toast .
Treatment of diarrhea in children is recommended starting with the use of absorbent medications, such as activated carbon , Sorbeks .In more complex forms of diarrhea caused by intestinal infections and microbes, you can use Enterol, Nifuroxazide, Loperamide, Furazolidone .
When intestinal infections with caution appoint Nifuroxazide. In addition, the use of sorbents is recommended: Sorbex, Ultra-Adsorbent .The cheapest and safest tablets for diarrhea are activated carbon .Between receptions of sorbents and other preparations a break 1,5-2 hours is necessary. If necessary, Regidron is assigned to maintain electrolyte balance in the body.
In the late term of pregnancy, the use of Imodium, Loperamide, Enterobene is permissible. Part of the complex treatment of diarrhea in pregnant women are probiotics - Bifidumbacterin, Linex , etc.