What are gestures with hands and fingers and what do they mean

Gestures, like speech and facial expressions - are an integral part of our lives. There are many different gestures that are performed with the help of hands or fingers, but the meanings of some of them may differ from each other in different regions, countries, and can also rarely be used in everyday life. Therefore, you should know and learn to recognize the main frequently used gestures with your hands and fingers.

  • main group gestures
  • Reinsurance
  • Ready
  • Frustration
  • credulity
  • Authoritarianism
  • Nervousness
  • Self
  • dominance and subordination
  • Secrecy and suspicion
  • preening
  • reciprocation
  • Boredom
  • rank
  • Protection
  • Openness
  • Popular gestures
  • Thumb up and down
  • Index finger
  • Middle finger
  • Two fingers or "V" sign
  • Three fingers
  • Gesture "goat" and tongue between fingers
  • Thumb and little finger or shka gesture
  • Ok or fingers ringlet
  • Linked fingers
  • Rubbing with the thumb of the tips of the other
  • Bonded fingers
  • Closed thumb and index finger
  • Combined fingertips
  • Gesture of humility on icons
  • Rubbing finger on other parts of the body
  • Hands behind the back
  • Hands in the pockets of the pants
  • Russian alphabet in sign language

Basic sign groups

The main groups of gestures are:

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These gestures are aimed at trying to cope with their fears of some kind. These include biting the tips of fingers, knuckles or nails( uncertainty), rubbing the thumbs with each other with closed palms, rubbing the neck and tingling the skin.

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Gestures of willingness express the desire to quickly end the conversation and leave or perform the proposed action. It can be hands pressed along the body or in a sitting position, one hand rests with the palm of the hand on the knee, and the other with the elbow.

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Frustration of

The state of the body, in which desires do not correspond to the available opportunities, and as a result - the disorder of the normal mental state of the body. To the gestures of frustration can be attributed rapidity of breathing, fingers are linked and tensed( until the knuckles whiten), the palm of one hand clenches the fist of the other, the intense stroking of the neck or hair.

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Gestures of trustfulness are directed to the location of the interlocutor, you can see them more often in the relations "boss-subordinate".The use of this gesture indicates absolute confidence in their words. These gestures are characterized by the palms folded into the dome, the support by the folded palms of the chin, the fingers can be pressed tightly or connected by the tips respectively in pairs.

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Authoritarianism is the desire to subjugate an opponent. It is characterized by aggressiveness, cruelty, an overestimated level of self-esteem. To the gestures of authoritarianism can be attributed folded behind his back with a high raised chin, the desire to be "above" the interlocutor.

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Gestures that refer to the nervous show anxiety and anxiety,who shows them. To the gestures of nervousness can be attributed to the covering of the mouth with the palm of the hand and the expectation of a reaction to the said, the hands raised by the pyramid and the mouth covered by the palms in this position or the frequent change of the position of the palms and hands.

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Gestures of self-control are aimed at maintaining emotional balance and restraining the desire to hit the interlocutor or to perform some action, from which it is better to restrain oneself. These can be hands laid behind the back( one palm strongly squeezes the other) or squeezing the armrests of the chair until the knuckles of the fingers are whitened.

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Dominance and subordination of

Such gestures are aimed at expressing superiority( both physical and mental).More often dominance can be seen with a handshake( handshake with the application of effort, the opponent slightly turns his hand so it is on top).Also, the hand can be in the pocket, and the finger can remain outside, or the arms are folded on the chest with the fingers exposed.

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Stealth and suspicion

These gestures appear when your interlocutor does not have the slightest desire to continue conversations, wishes to leave as soon as possible or simply does not trust. To such gestures are the palm pressed by the mouth and the view from under the forehead or eyes are diverted to the side, rubbing the index finger of the bridge of the nose, forehead or ear.

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Pretending or grooming is aimed at the desire to interest the interlocutor of the opposite sex, showing the comfort of being in his company. It can be smoothing the hair, relaxed pose with free-lapping hands, straightening or loosening the tie, stroking the jacket or jacket.

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Different ways of grooming correspond to different human states. Ragged pacing and active gesturing with hands gives nervousness, uniform and rhythmic pacing is peculiar to a person actively moving towards his goals, shuffling gait - laziness and uncertainty, uniform rapid pacing with hands folded behind his back - expectation.

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Gestures of boredom are quite easy to find out. Blank look, lack of response to the environment, thoughtless drawing on paper, clicking with a pen is a group of gestures of boredom.

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Evaluation of

Evaluating gestures show a person pensive and dreamy. They can be divided into gesticulations:

  • of interest( cheek support, scratching of the chin and nose, index finger on the chin, the rest along the neck, arms hang freely on something leaning against the elbows);
  • disinterest( lowered head, and hands clasped around the neck).
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Protective and defensive gesticulation is used during threat and stress situations. Hands are stacked on the chest, palms are compressed into a fist - this is gesture protection.

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Openness to

If a person is open to others, then the gesture accompanying his words will indicate the location to the opponent in the conversation. Open palms, shrugging shoulders( accompanied by the opening of the palms and pulling them aside) - this can be attributed to openness.

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Popular gestures

Gesture in conversation is very common, but the meaning of some movements may not be entirely clear, or simply unnoticed. To frequently used gestures are the following:

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Thumb up and down

The most common meaning of these gestures is approval and disapproval. But there are cases when these gestures are used with another notation. For example, you can stop the transport with your thumb. A sharply raised thumb up from the English and Australians will look insulting and condemning sexual orientation. In Greece, the same gesture can be "sent", and the Arabs associate it with the male phallus. Also for Russians, British and Australians, the raised finger means the number "5", and the Italians have the number "1".

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Index finger

The name of this finger speaks for itself. The pressed finger to the lips - "silence", raised up - "attention", raised up and swaying left-right - denial, raised finger and swaying up and down - threatening or instructing. If you twist your finger at the temple, then this designation is a fool. In Iran, the palm turned up, and the index finger is pulled up - "Fuck you."

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Middle finger

The vertically extended middle finger, and the large one is protruded to the side or pressed to the palm is considered an insult in many countries, and so "Yes you have gone. ..".In the Middle Ages, the middle finger was used as the definition of a passive homosexual. This gesture is one of the oldest with the originally preserved meaning.

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Two fingers or the "V" sign

The fingers forming the letter "V" with the back facing the palm to the showing, means "Victory" in the countries of Europe and in Russia in particular. If the palm is deployed to itself when showing this combination of fingers, it means the number "2", but it should be taken into account that in some countries( Australia, Great Britain, New Zealand), this gesture is an insult of preferences of an intimate nature.

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Three fingers

A three-fingered three-fingered designates the number "3", regardless of the turn of the palm. During the Second World War, the Germans were greeted by the commander-in-chief when taking the oath. Now this raspaltsovka expresses the word "Victory".

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Gesture "goat" and the tongue between the fingers

"Goat" is used by the people to protect from the evil eye. It is better known as a "rocker goat", and the tongue between the fingers carries a more cheeky meaning of this gesture. In Russia, this gesture is used to denote the cuckold and intimidate children "goat horned."If the "goat" is shown to someone, gradually approaching, then it means that an attack will now take place.

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Thumb and little finger or gesture of "Shaka"

The most commonly used designation for this movement is "Call Me".If, with such a combination, the thumb is pressed to the lips, and the head jerks back sharply, then this offer is a drink, and for drug addicts this gesture( without tipping the head) means to smoke. In Asian countries, "Shaka" is a figure of "6", in Colombia - a wish for success, and in Hawaii, among extreme sportsmen, this is considered a greeting.

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Ok or fingers ring

The most common value is "Everything is OK"( OK).This gesture came into use from America. As well as the values ​​of the index and thumbs folded by the ringlet is the number "0", in Japanese this sign means money, and for Italians - "Inutile".If you show such a gesture to the inhabitants of the Mediterranean countries, then you insult the person by considering him a representative of a non-traditional orientation.

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The linked fingers of the hand

The linked fingers indicate a person who is very difficult to convince in anything, the interlacing of the fingers is a "barrier" between opponents. Depression, protest, hostility( depending on the strength of the compression of the fingers), self-doubt - this is also a designation for such a gesture. To convince a person of his point of view, you need to try to disengage his fingers, for example, giving him something to hand for consideration.

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Rubbing with the thumb of the tips of other

This gesture means "Money" or expectation of a monetary reward for the rendered service, showing how rubbing between the bill fingers, checking it for authenticity. Sometimes this gesture is used when trying to remember something, and in case of luck it is accompanied by a flick of your fingers. If the rubbing of the fingers occurs with effort, it means restraining the raging emotions.

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Fingered fingers

Two interlaced fingers means protection from the evil eye, or the hope to conceal the deceit, as well as at random. Basically, the fingers are intertwined on both hands and hide from the opponent in the pockets or behind the back. In Vietnam, this gesture you will insult the interlocutor.

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Closed big and index fingers

The use of closed fingers is subconsciously aimed at sharpening the attention of the interlocutor on an important aspect of the conversation. This gesture is accompanied by the movement of the brush back and forth, and the palm is directed to itself.

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Joint finger tips

United with each other fingertips mean a confident person in his words. There are two ways of connecting the fingers: the first, when the "spire" is pointing up( the speaker), the second one, when the "spire" is pointing down( the listener).When, during a conversation, the opponent connects the fingertips, it indicates that he has already made a decision on your question, and crossed at this time hands or feet - this is a likely failure. The most famous person, constantly used it, is the German Federal Chancellor Angela Dorothea Merkel.

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Gesture of humility on icons

A well-known sign, depicted on Christian icons, meaning "humility"( interpretation of "blessing").In this gesture, the fingers are folded in a specific way, in which the tip of the thumb touches the tip of the nameless, and the middle and index are slightly raised, the hand itself is folded on the chest and bent at the elbow. To reveal the true biblical meaning of this gesture, one must turn to religious literature. It is believed that this gesture is a blessing.

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Rubbing the finger of other parts of the body

Rubbing the chin, forehead or middle part of the head determines - pondering, the back of the head - at this moment the interlocutor does not know what it is about. If an opponent rubs his nose with his fingers, it means insecurity, and if he pins his ears, cheeks or buttons with his fingers, then this is a measure of stealth or attempts to deceive.

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Hands behind

If the hands of your interlocutor behind the back are locked in the lock, then he tries to calm down and pull himself together. But the most common interpretation of this gesture is that people are confident in themselves and their strengths. It is proved by scientists that if you put your hands behind your back in any stressful situation, it will become much easier, the tension will come to naught and confidence will add.

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Hands in the pockets of the pants

Hidden hands indicate that your interlocutor is trying to hide something, lie or just does not interest your conversation. The more open your hands, the purer your thoughts are. These actions should not be confused with hidden hands in pockets in the cold. If an opponent keeps his hands in his pockets in any situation, then probably it's just a habit.

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Russian alphabet in sign language

In the alphabet of the deaf mutes, there is a certain sign corresponding to the usual letters from our alphabet. In the recognition of these "letters" there is nothing complicated. Basically, letters show names, names and rare words for which there are no signs. Gestures can show both individual letters, and whole words. In total there are about 2000 "words" gestures.

  • Mar 05, 2018
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