How to reduce discharge during menstruation (folk remedies)

Content

  1. Diagnosis of hypermenorrhea: what is it
  2. Types of hypermenstrual syndrome
  3. Causes of hypermenstrual syndrome
  4. Symptoms of hypermenorrhagia
  5. How much blood should be during menstruation
  6. Heavy menstruation in teenagers
  7. Bleeding due to hormonal imbalance
  8. Diagnosis of hypermenstrual syndrome
  9. Treatment of heavy periods (hypermenorrhea)
  10. Stopping uterine bleeding
  11. Hemostatic drugs for menstruation
  12. ethnoscience
  13. Physical exercise
  14. Rethink nutrition
  15. Stop menstruation: what is the danger

Excessively heavy menstruation requires examination. To reduce the discharge during menstruation, medicinal methods and traditional medicine are used, however, all actions should be coordinated with the doctor. Self-treatment can harm your health, because you do not know the true cause of heavy or long periods.

Diagnosis of hypermenorrhea: what is it

Normally, the female body during menstruation loses no more than 150 ml of blood. The main volume of discharge falls on the first three days of the monthly cycle, then the amount of blood gradually decreases. However, if a woman has to change a pad or tampon of the maximum absorbency more than once every 1-2 hours, this is a symptom of hypermenorrhea. The duration of menstruation in this condition may also have deviations from the norm: in some women suffering from heavy menstruation, the duration of the regulation is more than 7 days.

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In addition to an increase in blood volume lost and an increase in the duration of menstruation, menorrhagia has the following symptoms:

  • Profuse menses with clots. The clots are usually dark red or brown, 0.5 to 4 cm in diameter.
  • Due to the increase in blood loss, pallor of the skin, weakness, dizziness, frequent pre-fainting states, apathy and decreased performance can be observed.
  • Bruising and bruising may appear on the body.

Types of hypermenstrual syndrome

The main classification of hypermenorrhagia is by occurrence. Doctors distinguish between primary and secondary hypermenstrual syndrome. The first develops from the very beginning during the formation of the menstrual cycle. The second appears for a number of reasons with the usual normal menstrual bleeding.

Also, some experts refer to hypermenorrhagia as long periods, in which a single blood secretion remains within normal limits, but due to an increase in the duration of discharge, its total volume increases.

A serious problem is created by the so-called combined syndrome, when a large volume of blood comes out for more than 7 days. In this case, the risk of infection, loss of consciousness is high.

Causes of hypermenstrual syndrome

The disease is caused by gynecological diseases, hormonal failures, diseases of hematopoiesis and internal organs.

Age-related hypermenstrual syndrome develops in adolescence and during menopause. Its cause is a hormonal imbalance caused by the immaturity of the body or the extinction of sexual function.

In such patients, hypermenstrual syndrome may not occur every cycle, but periodically. It is possible to alternate heavy and scanty menstruation, as well as different durations of critical days. For such patients, medical supervision is sufficient. Treatment is prescribed only in case of poor health or the occurrence of anemia.

The presence of neoplasms in the uterus - myomas, fibromyomas, polyps. This is the most common cause, accounting for up to 80% of cases of hypermenstrual syndrome. As tumors grow, the intensity of critical days increases. Tumor processes are often accompanied by acyclic bleeding that occurs between menstruation.

Polycystic uterus (adenomyosis) is a disease in which the cells of the inner uterine layer - the endometrium - penetrate into the tissues of the organ. Before critical days, they swell, filling with bloody contents. This leads to the formation of cysts. A swollen uterus cannot contract normally to “expel” fragments of the endometrium, compress blood vessels and stop menstrual bleeding. As a result, critical days lengthen and intensify. Menstruation is accompanied by pain - algomenorrhea.

Bend of the uterus backwards (retroflection) - in this case, the lengthening of critical days is associated with difficulty in the outflow of blood from the uterine cavity. Due to the accumulation of bloody discharge, there are severe pains in the lower abdomen, radiating to the lower back and rectum.

The intrauterine device also causes lengthening and increased menstrual bleeding. The reason for this condition is the difficulty in contracting the uterus, inside which there is a contraceptive. When installing hormone-containing models of the Mirena type, such a complication is less common.

Hormonal disbalance. Menstrual function depends on the timely and adequate production of hormones:

  • Estrogen produced by the ovaries.
  • Progesterone, the bulk of which is secreted by the corpus luteum - a gland that forms at the site of the follicle that released the egg in the middle of ovulation. A small amount of this hormone is produced by the adrenal glands.
  • Follicle stimulating and luteinizing. These hormones are secreted by the pituitary gland - an appendage of the brain, located in the cranial recess - the Turkish saddle.

The menstrual cycle is also affected by the hormonal function of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands, which regulate the entire vital activity of the body.

With a lack or excess of hormones, the cycle goes astray and menstruation can change the frequency and abundance.

The most common variant of this dysfunction is a deficiency of progesterone against the background of an excess of estrogens. Hormonal imbalance leads to the growth of the functional layer of the endometrium - the inner layer of the uterus.

The mucosa thickens until it begins to be shed. Bleeding occurs, which, in essence, are not monthly. This is a menstrual-like reaction that is poorly regulated by the body, so it can last quite a long time and be accompanied by severe blood loss.

Reduced blood clotting is caused by hereditary von Willebrand-Dian disease. With this disease, critical days are extended to 10 or more days and are accompanied by significant blood loss.

Clotting decreases with a lack of blood cells - platelets. Their lack (thrombocytopenia) occurs with lupus erythematosus, viral diseases, oncological pathologies, lack of vitamins, and taking certain medications.

Liver diseases - cirrhosis, hepatitis. With these diseases, the content of platelets decreases, and liver cells - hepatocytes - cannot fully produce the substances necessary to stop bleeding.

Elongation and intensification of menstruation can cause heart disease, kidney disease, stress, recent abortions. Sometimes the disease is observed after the absence of critical days caused by pregnancy and lactation. Hypermenstrual syndrome is hereditary, transmitted to descendants through the female line.

Multifactorial cases are possible when several causes of strong and prolonged periods are combined at once. Such options are the most dangerous and difficult.

Hypermenstrual syndrome is a kind of indicator showing the presence of pathologies in the female body that require diagnosis and treatment.

Symptoms of hypermenorrhagia

Abundant blood loss is an independent symptom indicating a disease. If a woman changes tampons or pads every hour due to their overfilling, you need to see a doctor.

Often the problem is accompanied by other symptoms:

  • Blood clots on underwear, padding;
  • Pain in the lower abdomen, lower back;
  • severe fatigue;
  • Weakness.

If hypermenorrhagia is not treated, others are added to the already existing symptoms. Against the background of abundant blood loss, despite the restoration of its volume, anemia occurs. You can suspect deviations from the norm by the following signs:

  • Excessive pallor, cyanosis of the skin;
  • Fragility, dullness of hair, nails;
  • Dizziness, headaches;
  • trouble concentrating, drowsiness;
  • Irritability, insomnia.

How much blood should be during menstruation

As a rule, it is not more than 100 ml in total. All women have a different amount of blood, because a different thickness of the new endometrium grows during the cycle. Someone has quite a bit, but someone has a thicker layer, so there is more discharge.

I know examples when a woman during menstruation lacks thin panty liners. At the same time, others have to, for example, put in tampons and also insure with pads, the discharge is so abundant. And all these are variants of the norm. You need to be wary when heavy discharge lasts more than 2-3 days. Or you have to change tampons or pads too often, for example, once an hour, and this has never happened to you before.
Marina Anatolyevna Kuprienko, gynecologist of the Medical Center A.G. Gritsenko

Too much blood loss during menstruation can cause anemia or hidden iron deficiency. And you will have to deal with this already with the help of drugs that the doctor should prescribe after the tests. Next, consider how to reduce discharge during menstruation with the help of folk remedies.

Heavy menstruation in teenagers

Also, the cause of heavy heavy periods may be an unidentified menstrual cycle. This is typical for girls aged 13-16 years. In such a situation, you should not immediately take the medicine during menstruation, often the cycle normalizes on its own. However, in any case, with excessive blood loss, it is worth contacting a gynecologist to rule out possible diseases. Many girls try to test for menstruation, which are very numerous on the Internet, but you need to understand that each person has an individual physiology. It is very useful for young girls with an unsteady menstrual cycle to keep such an accounting system as a monthly table. This will help to clearly monitor whether there is a violation of the cycle, fix its duration. The monthly table is nothing more than a display on the calendar of the date of the beginning and end of menstruation with notes about its nature (presence or absence of pain, profusion).

Bleeding due to hormonal imbalance

With a change or violation of the hormonal system, a woman may experience uterine bleeding. Women of all ages are prone to this problem. With improper brain function, the level and production of the hormone is not controlled. An example of such a disease is the pathology of the pituitary gland.

Lethargy and chronic fatigue, malnutrition and exhaustion of the body can cause this problem. Violations of this type occur in the girl's body during the first menstrual cycle, as well as after abortion, childbirth and during pregnancy. Prolonged bleeding caused by medical abortion is gaining popularity. The use of hormonal drugs and heredity are attributed to a number of causes.

Treatment should be selected individually, it is necessary to determine the cause that caused the disease.

Diagnosis of hypermenstrual syndrome

Since this condition is caused by a variety of reasons, its diagnosis is a complex process. Patients are assigned:

  • A blood test that determines the level of hemoglobin and red blood cell counts. This makes it possible to assess the degree of anemia that has arisen.
  • Urinalysis, which reveals disorders of the kidneys and liver, which can also cause hypermenstrual manifestations. In renal pathologies, the urine is reddish or cloudy, and in hepatic pathologies it is dark. The analysis reveals impurities of blood, pus, liver pigments.
  • Biochemical blood test for the maximum number of indicators. This is necessary to find out the state of the liver, kidneys, heart, metabolic processes.
  • Blood for hormones. The concentration of hormones produced by the thyroid gland, ovaries, adrenal glands and pituitary gland is determined. With the help of such a study, it is possible to understand whether the patient has endocrine pathologies.
  • Analysis for blood clotting and duration of bleeding. Genetic mutations are also being investigated that cause a deficiency of hemostasis factors - substances due to which blood clots form.
  • Ultrasound of the pelvic organs is prescribed to detect tumors, cysts, polyps, foci of adenomyosis. With the help of ultrasound diagnostics, doctors determine the condition of the inner uterine layer, the violation of which leads to hypermenstrual syndrome.

Based on the results of diagnostic procedures, the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes treatment aimed at eliminating or correcting the causes of heavy critical days.

Treatment of heavy periods (hypermenorrhea)

Asking how to reduce monthly discharge, self-medication using traditional medicine and advice from the Internet is highly discouraged. Entrust your health to an experienced gynecologist.

Therapy should be aimed at eliminating the pathology that caused the appearance of hypermenorrhea. If the cause of heavy periods is a violation of the hormonal balance, then the woman is selected an individual scheme for taking oral contraceptives. To reduce the amount of blood lost, hemostatic drugs can be prescribed, and antianemic drugs are indicated to normalize the level of iron in the body.

An increase in the volume of blood lost during menstruation should be a reason to visit a doctor. Do not ignore this condition, as it can lead to the development of more serious problems.

Stopping uterine bleeding

Upon arrival of the ambulance, the following actions are carried out:

  • apply cold on the abdomen;
  • with heavy bleeding, the woman is transferred in a horizontal position;
  • urgent hospitalization;
  • specialist help;
  • the introduction of the desired solution, depending on the type of uterine bleeding.

If the patient has not given birth, and she does not have tumors, treatment in the hospital is carried out with the help of hormonal drugs. Treatment begins with an increased dose, gradually increasing from 6 tablets per day to 1 piece. In the absence of anemia, gestogens are used. Prescribe hemostatic drugs, such as Vikasol, Dicinon, Ascorutin.

During puberty, girls are prescribed drugs that strengthen blood vessels and stop the blood. It is recommended to take vitamins. Phytotherapy and hormonal preparations for regulating the menstrual cycle. Women of childbearing age undergo surgery for endometriosis, fibroids. Pathology of the uterus and ovaries, oncological diseases, after menopause, requires only surgical intervention, removal of the appendages and uterus.

It is very important for proper treatment to undergo an examination in time and establish the cause that caused the bleeding. Women experiencing this pathology should immediately seek medical help.

Hemostatic drugs for menstruation

Hemostatic drugs used during menstruation
In the presence of profuse blood loss during menstruation, it will be most correct to contact a specialist for a complete examination and the exclusion of possible diseases. With heavy periods, the following drugs can be prescribed:

Vikasol

This drug is a synthetic analogue of vitamin K, which is actively involved in blood clotting, namely, it affects the formation of prothrombin. Vikasol with heavy periods can only be used as prescribed by a doctor, since this drug has certain indications and contraindications. It must be understood that vikasol with heavy periods is effective only if the cause of blood loss is precisely vitamin K deficiency. Therefore, it is categorically not recommended to prescribe such a drug on your own.

Dicynon

Dicynon during menstruation is also quite often used. It is a hemostatic drug prescribed for heavy bleeding. Dicinon during menstruation is usually prescribed when the cause of bleeding is fibromyoma, as well as vascular diseases. Like any other drugs, dicynone has specific indications and contraindications, side effects, so you can take dicynone during menstruation strictly according to the doctor's prescription.

Diferelin

This drug is a synthetic analogue of gonadotropin-releasing hormone, belongs to the group of anticancer drugs. A drug such as diphereline regulates menstruation at the level of sensitivity of peripheral receptors to GHRH. The drug is used for endometriosis, uterine myoma. Only after examination by a doctor and confirmation of the appropriate diagnosis can diferilin be prescribed. Menstruation in abundant form must be the reason for contacting a specialist.

Tranexam

Tranexam is used quite often during menstruation. This hemostatic drug during menstruation can be prescribed in different situations. This is a modern hemostatic drug, the mechanism of action of which is the activation of fibrinolysin and the formation of plasmin. Tranexam during menstruation is usually prescribed in tablet form, and its intake should be under the supervision of a physician.

Askorutin

Askorutin is a drug that contains vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, and rutin. It is used during menstruation quite often. Its action is to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, as well as to reduce the fragility and permeability of capillaries. Also, this drug has antioxidant properties, which improves overall well-being.

There are many reasons for heavy periods. Many women try to solve this problem on their own by taking hemostatic drugs during menstruation. However, to achieve the desired effect, it is very important to understand what is the cause of blood loss. And only a specialist can determine this correctly.

ethnoscience

New observations in the constantly changing conditions of life are collected bit by bit. They replenish the list of folk tips and recipes for making infusions that help to cope with heavy periods. Time-tested recommendations do not go unnoticed and are applied by modern women at home.

Most folk remedies that help reduce blood flow during menstruation are infusions, teas or decoctions of medicinal plants.

  1. Nettle helps to significantly reduce blood loss. To prepare the infusion, 20 grams of dry nettle leaves are taken per glass of boiling water. Take 50 milliliters every 3 hours until the effect occurs.
  2. Mix 20-25 grams of dry yarrow herb, shepherd's purse and cinquefoil rhizomes. Add 10 grams of oak bark. Pour 0.5 liters of boiling water over everything. Putting on fire, bring to a boil. Without letting it boil, remove from heat. After 40 minutes, the decoction can be drunk 1 tablespoon half an hour before meals twice a day. Reduces menses.
  3. Bring a tablespoon of peppercorns poured with a glass of boiling water to a boil and remove from heat. Dividing the portion into 3 parts, drink 20-30 minutes before meals three times a day. Stops bleeding. The highlander snake acts similarly. The same recipe is used for corn silk.
  4. Lilac seeds (1 tsp. l.), pour a glass of boiling water, leave for 15-20 minutes. Further, on a small fire, boil the broth for no more than 10 minutes. Reduces discharge and duration of menstruation, due to increased vascular tone. Similarly, an alcohol tincture of lilac and propolis flowers is used.
  5. Insist berries and leaves of barberry on alcohol or vodka for 14 days. The tincture has a beneficial effect on blood vessels, increases hemoglobin, and reduces diarrhea.
  6. The bark and berries of viburnum normalize heavy periods. They prepare decoctions. Berries are also consumed in dried form, added to tea.
  7. Cherry sprigs in the form of a decoction reduce inflammation, tone blood vessels, supply the body with vitamins, improve hematopoiesis, due to the high content of folic acid.
  8. Reception of decoctions of wormwood, tansy, sage or hops 4-5 days before the start of critical days stabilizes the menstrual cycle, helps regular cleansing of the body, protects against spasmodic changes monthly. Sage, hops contain phytoestrogens that help regulate the course of critical days.
  9. Taking clover infusion before critical days reduces inflammation of the appendages, headaches, cleanses the blood, and normalizes menstrual flow.
  10. Decoctions of mint, raspberry leaves, willow bark are beneficial for the nervous system. Their tinctures reduce the discharge during menstruation.

Physical exercise

To help the body with heavy periods, it is necessary to rationally treat physical activity, such as yoga. It is undesirable to exclude it completely.

Some physical exercises help not only to make the flow of menstruation more comfortable, reducing pain. A moderate amount of physical activity can even reduce the amount of discharge during menstruation and the number of critical days. It is advisable to choose classical stretching classes, some yoga asanas. Heavy types of exercise increase the discharge, so they should be avoided.

Acupressure of the area above the upper lip under the nose helps to reduce pain and discharge during menstruation.

Light, gentle breast massage reflexively causes favorable changes in the female body. Performed in a circular motion 20 times counterclockwise, and then clockwise. Helps to establish the menstrual cycle with a subsequent decrease in the number of critical days.

Rethink nutrition

Not only medical recipes are important for heavy periods. During critical days, and especially before them, it is important to follow dietary rules. These include a ban on fatty and spicy foods, alcohol, stimulants and carbonated drinks. It is advisable to reduce the consumption of salt and sugar.

To improve digestion and enrich the diet with substances useful for hematopoiesis, before menstruation, you should eat more carrots, beets, low-fat cottage cheese or cheese. But it is better to reduce milk, cream and other dairy products in the diet. In the second half of critical days, it is necessary to actively replenish the body with water. Drink water before meals in very small portions. Optimally - 1 sip per minute.

They improve hormonal levels and reduce discharge during menstruation, cumin, cinnamon, cocoa and chocolate, legumes, brewer's yeast, cherries.

Citruses, especially lemons, effectively reduce the amount of discharge on critical days. They are consumed whole, leaving only inedible bones. Similar to lemons in the action of quince.

Eating bananas helps thicken the blood and helps reduce menstruation.

Stop menstruation: what is the danger

If menstruation is strong and does not end, then the woman may develop anemia. Anemia develops if the amount of blood excreted is more than 50-150 ml per day. If bleeding increases during physical exertion, then its activity should be weakened.

Intervention in the physiological processes occurring at the reproductive level is completely unacceptable, as it can provoke dangerous complications in the body. The menstrual cycle is a process of successive changes in the body caused by hormones. When one of the stages is interrupted, the chain of successive reactions is broken, which will lead to a malfunction in the functioning of organ systems. Such a failure can lead to:

  • violation of metabolic processes
  • development of autoimmune diseases
  • disruption of the endocrine system
  • complications during childbearing
  • infertility
  • pathology of the mammary glands

Sources

  • https://express-med-service.ru/diseases/ginekologiya/gipermenoreya-obilnye-mesyachnye/
  • https://radugaclinic.ru/articles/obilnye-mesyachnye/
  • https://unclinic.ru/gipermenstrualnyj-sindrom-obilnye-mesjachnye-jeto-bolezn/
  • https://gritsenko.ru/stati/ginekologiya/16-faktov-pro-mesyachnyie/
  • https://www.probirka.org/biblio/polezno/7543-obilnie-mesyachnie-prichini-vozniknoveniya-i-metodi-lecheniya
  • https://www.sinaiclinic.ru/diseases/matochnoe-krovotechenie/
  • https://miccenter.ru/obilnye/kak-umenshit
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  • May 12, 2022
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