Cervical cancer is a malignant tumor that can spread to other organs of the reproductive system and the abdominal cavity. It is one of the most common types of cancer among women. Every woman should be informed about the symptoms of this disease and methods of examination, regularly visit gynecologist, because at this stage in the development of medicine it is possible to avoid the development of this type of oncology or successfully cure an existing tumor. Cancer in this case is not a sentence.
The main cause of cervical cancer is the human papillomavirus (HPV). Additional triggers may be some genetic mutations, hormonal imbalances, smoking, low immunity, and others. However, the main cause is HPV infection, which persists for a long time in the body. The virus is extremely common in the population, but normally it is eliminated on its own with the help of immunity, without causing any harm. But it happens that the virus remains in the tissues for a long time, provoking changes. These can be growths of the mucous membrane and skin in the form of genital warts, papillomas, and sometimes the cells are reborn, and cancer occurs. This state does not occur in one day, the process lasts for months and years. At first, the virus does not manifest itself in any way, then cervical dysplasia occurs, and only then cancer. That is, even at the stage of dysplasia, it is possible to completely stop the changes and prevent the further development of the pathology.
In the early stages, cervical cancer may not show obvious symptoms. However, with the development of the disease, the following symptoms may occur: bleeding after intercourse, sometimes spotting is already after menopause, pain during intercourse, changes in urination, the appearance of pathological discharge from the genital tract and etc. If symptoms do occur, it is essential to make an appointment with a doctor.
To diagnose the disease, it is necessary to perform a set of examinations, which includes colposcopy, a cytological smear, as well as PCR diagnostics of the human papillomavirus.
Treatment for cervical cancer may include surgery to remove the tumor, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy. With early diagnosis, the chances of a complete cure are very high. To avoid the development of the disease, women are advised to regularly undergo examinations by a gynecologist and adhere to preventive measures such as HPV vaccinations, barrier methods of contraception, and the avoidance of harmful habits.
Efficient and modern treatment of reproductive woman's system is possible in the Alzoriya Med clinic, which is located in Kaliningrad. It accepts specialists of the highest qualification category who treat diseases such as colpitis, cervicitis, uterine fibroids, cervical dysplasia and others.
In the medical center, a woman can be prescribed medication, as well as physiotherapy, which will speed up the recovery process of the body. Minimally invasive surgeries are also possible.
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