In our time, when problems with conception and infertility have become more common, many marital couples seek help from artificial insemination methods, including in vitro fertilization. IVF has become one of the most effective methods of reproductive assistance in cases where a woman is unable to conceive naturally for a variety of reasons. IVF is most often recommended for:
- low ovarian reserve, when it is difficult to achieve natural ovulation with an egg suitable for conception;
- pathologies of the fallopian tubes - obstruction, absence;
- infertility of unknown origin;
- genetic diseases, when diagnostics are needed before embryo implantation;
- cervical factor of infertility;
- low sperm activity in a partner;
- the impossibility of committing a standard sexual intercourse;
- endometriosis and adenomyosis and so on.
IVF is a procedure that involves the conception of a child in a laboratory, and then the introduction of a cultured embryo into the woman's uterus for pregnancy. This procedure is performed when other fertility treatments have proven ineffective or impossible for various reasons. But what if a woman is missing working eggs or has some genetic or somatic reason why she can't use her eggs? In this case, IVF with a donor egg comes to the rescue.
A donor egg is used in cases where a woman for some reason does not have healthy and suitable eggs for fertilization. These reasons may be different: age restrictions, premature menopause, surgical removal of the ovaries or hereditary genetic disorders that can be transmitted through inheritance.
One of the main factors determining the need to use a donor egg is the woman's age. After the age of 35, the number and quality of eggs in a woman begin to decline, which makes it difficult to conceive and increases the risk of various genetic abnormalities in a potential child. Therefore, many women over the age of 35 turn to a donor egg to increase the chances of successful conception and the birth of a healthy child. Especially if your ovarian reserve is almost exhausted, and even stimulation will not give the desired results.
Also, in some cases, a woman may have a pathology of the ovaries or other organs of the reproductive system, which makes her own eggs unsuitable for fertilization. For example, this may be due to hormonal imbalances, ovarian inflammation, hereditary diseases, and other problems in the reproductive system.
As a rule, for IVF with a donor egg, using oocytes of young and healthy women who have undergone preliminary medical and genetic testing. This allows you to increase the chances of a successful pregnancy and the birth of a child without genetic abnormalities. Such oocytes undergo cryofreezing and are stored in the reproductive bank of genetic material.
To use the IVF service with a donor egg, as well as any other method of helping infertility, a married couple or a woman must undergo a preliminary consultation with a reproductive specialist. During the consultation, the doctor will talk about the entire procedure, answer any questions, conduct a medical examination and prescribe appropriate studies to assess the state of the reproductive system.
It is worth noting that the use of a donor egg is not the only way to help a woman or couple in solving infertility problems. In addition to IVF with a donor egg, there are other methods, for example, surrogacy, but if a woman can and wants to bear the child on his own, breastfeed him, then IVF with a donor oocyte will be ideal option.
Summing up, we can say that IVF with an egg donor is a method of helping with infertility, which can be effective in cases where the woman does not have her own eggs or they are qualitatively unsuitable for fertilization, but she can and wants to bear a healthy one on her own child.
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