Cabbage is a biennial dietary plant, which is one of the main products in cooking. In cooking it is used both in fresh and processed form. Also, leaves and cabbage juice are used in medicine for the treatment of gastrointestinal diseases. It grows everywhere, and, thanks to its long shelf life, is available all year round.
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most common cold-resistant water-loving plant cabbage family high leafy stem, at the end of which is formed by an elongated or flattened head(head).The lower fleshy dark green or gray-green leaves form a basal rosette. The stem with flowers grows for the second year even without a root. The flowers are yellow, sometimes white. Fruit is a pod with dark brown seeds. It grows everywhere in a temperate climate. Vegetation period from 90 days( early varieties) to 180 days( late varieties).Contains a large number of vitamins: provitamin A, vitamins B1, B2, B6, PP, E, P, K, U, as well as calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, phosphorus. Vitamin C is preserved in late-ripening varieties until spring.
Curly, Calais, Grünkol, Braunkol or Brunkol is an annual frost-resistant( up to 15 degrees below zero) vegetable, decorative, fodder plant of the Cabbage family with original lace leaves of green, purple, red and hard stems. It has good taste, especially after freezing, but only leaves are used for food, as the stem does not form a head.to the table of contents ^
Coral or Romance - an annual variety of cauliflower with a soft creamy-nutty taste and spiraling light green inflorescences, arranged in the form of a logarithmic spiral, obtained after crossing cauliflower and broccoli. The leaves are dark green. Inflorescences are consumed after short heat treatment. It is prepared as well as broccoli. It is rich in vitamin C, K and carotenoids.to the table of contents ^
It is a kind of white-bellied, with violet-red color, more frost-resistant, with pronounced cabbage taste. Mostly middle and late cabbage varieties are grown. The leaves are firmer. It is stored red cabbage better white, contains more vitamins( vitamin C more than 4 times).Red color of leaves is given by flavonoid anthocyanin.to contents ^
An annual plant with a cylindrical stem from 25 to 65 centimeters in height. The leaves are greyish-green with long petioles, often erect with a wax coating. Fleshy shoots are used for food in the budding stage, which form in the upper part of the head a snow-white head, sometimes a greenish or yellowish hue. Flowers - small white or yellow. Fruit is a small cylindrical pod that contains small dark brown or black seeds. The best cabbage develops at a temperature of +18-20 degrees. Lowering the temperature below 10 degrees tolerates poorly. The content of nutrients significantly exceeds white.to table of contents ^
Asparagus is an annual vegetable plant, a subspecies of cauliflower. At the top of the stem a small loose head of small green buds is formed, which they eat without waiting for the buds to develop into yellow flowers. On the site of the cut, new shoots are formed. It grows well in a temperate climate.
Is a representative of the cabbage family. It is a moisture-loving two-year vegetable plant with dark green or yellow vesicular leaves. Like white cabbage it forms a head, but is more loose and shallow. Also in the second year there are yellow flowers and pods with small seeds. Savoy cabbage contains more useful vitamins and microelements than white cabbage. It can be included in the diet for diabetics and the elderly. Eat better in raw form for the prevention of cancer.to contents ^
A variety of cabbage, a moisture-resistant and frost-resistant plant, with elongated dark green leaves, the stem of which in the above-ground part becomes globular, like a turnip, which is used for food. The content of vitamin C in kohlrabi is higher than that of lemon. It is a valuable dietary product. The stalk can be eaten both raw and after heat treatment.to the table of contents ^
Frost resistant, light-loving two-year vegetable plant, up to 1 meter high with a powerful stem, on which are lyrate gray-green leaves and small solid heads. It is deduced by the Belgians, who consider it to be a national product. He does not like shading and thickening. The best temperature for vegetation is + 18-22 degrees.back to contents ^
Petsay, lettuce is a herbaceous annual shade plant of the Cabbage family, a type of turnip. Tender lightly green or almost yellow leaves with white juicy veins and wavy edges are formed into an oblong rosette or head out to half a meter long. Vegetation period is 25-35 days. When planting it is better to use shaded places because at a long light day it quickly shoots. Prepare the same as white: add to salads, borsch, garnishes, pickle and pickle. Peking cabbage does not have a characteristic cabbage taste.to contents ^
Bok-choi is an annual frost-resistant herbaceous plant, a type of turnip. Leaves are small round or ovate from gray-green to blue-green in the petioles around the central small kidney. Kochan Bok-Choi does not form. Cultivate only in the open ground. Very popular in Chinese, Korean, Japanese cuisine. Low-calorie( nutritional value per 100 grams - 13 kcal), with a large amount of vitamin A and C.to the table of contents ^
Sea kale or Laminaria belongs to the genus of brown algae, grows in the Pacific and Atlantic at a depth of 4 to 35meters. Plate brown-green thalluses up to 35 centimeters wide and up to 20 meters long form whole undergrowth under the water. Used for food and medicinal purposes. In Japan, about 300 dishes are prepared from kelp. Rich in vitamins and minerals. Yoda in kelp is 30 thousand times more than in sea water.