Previously, to look respectable, it was enough just to have a full set of teeth. Now, to maintain the social status of the teeth it is desirable to have not only healthy, but also beautiful.
Aesthetic dentistry has reached such heights that almost every person with a certain financial freedom can find a beautiful smile. How and how to effectively and harmlessly whiten your teeth at home, saving time and money?
How can you whiten your teeth quickly and without harm to the enamel
The International Association of Dentists unequivocally points out that even simple home bleaching by popular methods should not be carried out without the advice of a dentist. The structure of dentin and enamel, their structure and defects, tolerability of various substances are individual for each.
However, this does not mean that you can not safely deal with home procedures. Just talk to your doctor. Maybe you have the same case when teeth can not be whitened without losing the quality of life, and you will have to resort to a different method - vinification or nanocoating.
Still better to live fully with darkish healthy teeth than with white, but hypersensitive and unfit for contact with cold, hot, sour, spicy food and drink.
To whom it is undesirable to bleach teeth at home
- To people suffering from special sensitivity of gums and teeth.
- Wearing crowns, veneers and seals on the front teeth. Artificial dental tissue does not bleach in parallel with the living tissue. In this case, the dentist preserves the fillings and crowns, whitens the living tooth tissue, and then - the artificial parts of the tooth. Or simply replaces them with new fillings or crowns - under a new shade of teeth.
- To people with gray or black teeth. Yellow teeth lighten quickly enough. But grayish-black or brown tones mean the defeat of the deep layer of teeth - dentin. Perhaps because of the antibiotics of tetracycline or because of fluorosis.
- People with teeth blackened by trauma or after removal of nerves and canal filling.
- People with periodontal disease, periodontitis or dental caries. First you need to be cured.
If you do not belong to any of these groups or decide to take risks when consulting with a dentist, there are many opportunities for you to whiten your teeth. Let's talk about them.
Whitening strips for all types of tooth enamel
Strips can be of several types: classic, intense, especially sensitive enamel. The concentration of the active substance in them is different, so strips are applied at different times - from 5 to 30 minutes.
But it is important to follow the recommendations strictly, because an intense gel, imposed for a long time, can cause inflammation, itching and even pain in the mouth and teeth.
How to use strips?
- Clean teeth in the usual way.
- Remove product, remove protective film.
- Stand at the mirror, apply the gel strip to the teeth, smooth, press to the teeth, repeating their shape. For better distribution of the gel, the extra edges of the strip can be folded.
- After the proper time, remove the strip.
- Rinse or gently clean the teeth.
- Strips apply twice daily.
- Do not eat or drink while you are stripping, do not smoke, do not talk, so that saliva does not stand out - this will spoil the effect.
Perhaps the most common brand that produces tooth stripes is Crest. The active substance is hydrogen peroxide, which bleaches only the living, natural enamel of the teeth. Clarifies teeth to 2-5 tones on the Vita scale.
Tooth whitening with stripes - recall:
Plus from using stripes - in their comparative cheapness. The kit, which is enough for a month, costs 25-40 dollars, and the result is 2-4 months. Then the course is repeated, it is possible with a more gentle, supporting gel.
Minus strips often cause discomfort to those with sensitive teeth and gums.
In general, they are safe for the teeth and do not change the structure of the enamel.
Gel for stronger teeth whitening
Two other forms of gel whitening - pencil sticks for bleaching and kapa( optional writing - kappa) with dental gel. Most of the drugs in this group are based on hydrogen peroxide with softening, compensating additives and taste improvers.
Inside the mold, a 10-35% whitening gel is lubricated. A strong, 35% gel with hydrogen peroxide is used for half-whitening.10-16% is laid in the kaps at night( from 6 to 8 hours).Gel for cap is sold in syringes.
Method of application:
With a brush or syringe applicator, the gel is applied to the inner surfaces of the kapa and
subsequently, when properly seated, falls on the enamel of your teeth.
This method is good because for a month it allows you to bleach the enamel by 6-11 tones on the Vita scale. Another advantage is that the kaps are individual, fit tightly to the enamel of the teeth, so the whitening turns out to be uniform and strong.
Yellow teeth become white after a week of application, and the visible effect can be achieved in 1 evening. A stable result appears in the first week. The course of bleaching usually lasts 2-4 weeks and lasts up to 4-5 years.
The stability of the effect depends on the lifestyle. Those who love tobacco, coffee, black tea, red wines, dark carbonated beverages, juices, beets and spinach change their teeth color faster. There is one tricky trick: coloring drinks can be drunk through a straw - this will significantly reduce the intensity of staining.
Causes - uniformity and intensity of bleaching and the ability to sleep in drops( without spending active time on bleaching).This creates a strong psychological effect: it went to bed, and in the morning - yellow as it was, the teeth are beautiful, the smile is bright.
This method is particularly suitable for smokers, as it removes nicotine yellowing and penetrates deep enamel layers.
Toothpaste for whitening, video
With them it's simple: pastes give a relatively modest whitening effect for 1-2 tones. These pastes can be used regularly, but not more often than twice a week, because they have abrasive particles, and with frequent use, the integrity of the enamel suffers.
Expertise of whitening paste in the program "Control Purchase":
Safe national tooth whitening prescriptions
These improvised folk remedies are suitable for everyone, even children in the period of enamel formation at 10, 12, 14 years and elderly people who have thin and vulnerable enamel. The application is so simple that it will suit even the laziest teenager or man. With their help, teeth can be whitened for 1-3 tones on the Vita scale.
Blackberries, strawberries and strawberries
They have various oxidation-bleaching agents in their composition.
A simple recipe: crush berries in a gruel and brush your teeth like a paste.
A long rinse of the mouth with the juice of these berries. Brush your teeth with berries up to three times a week. Cleaning strawberries is especially pleasant for children.
It is used as a conditioner not more than once in 7-10 days to spare enamel.
Sometimes it is mixed with soda to a thick paste of ordinary paste and cover the teeth for 5-10 minutes, then vigorously rinse with warm water. After the procedure, brush your teeth with the usual paste.
Dark blue or purple eggplant
You should choose an eggplant darker, burn it on an open fire, and then get ash to brush your teeth. This method not only whitens, but also strengthens enamel.
Tea Tree Oil
The success of the recipe depends on the quality of the oil. Examine the composition, this should be 100% tea tree oil. Otherwise, you can buy a product diluted with palm oil. For bleaching, only good oil will suit, let it be less( many and not needed, it is better to buy fresh).
How to use:
After the usual brushing and flossing of my toothbrush and dripping on it
a few drops of tea tree oil. Two or three minutes of minutes we brush our teeth with oil, rinse our mouth with warm water.
This method is good because in the tea tree oil there are no abrasive particles that can damage the enamel of the teeth. And user testimonials indicate that the oil is cleansing: teeth are made smooth and creak with cleanliness.
Orange peel with bay leaf
- A fresh orange peel( its inner side) is rubbed with enamel of teeth.
- Then the laurel leaves are ground in dust and powder is applied to the teeth. Leave for 5 minutes.
- Rinse with warm water or a tooth rinse aid.
Frequency - 1 time in seven days. This method destroys the bacteria that stain the enamel, and brightens the darkening that they left.
How to safely whiten teeth with soda
Bleaching with soda is the simplest and most popular method. It is cheap, effective, brightens for 1-3 tones and fast enough: the color change is noticeable at the first cleaning.
Soda is used as a tooth powder or mixed into a habitual toothpaste.
But nevertheless in it there are enough large abrasive particles which can damage a mouth or enamel. Therefore, clean the enamel soda should not be more than once a week.
How to whiten tooth enamel with hydrogen peroxide
Hydrogen peroxide as a tooth whitener has been used since 1880 and ranks second in popularity. Many combine bleaching with hydrogen peroxide and soda, applying each of the methods once a week. And in general, peroxide is the main ingredient of most chemical brighteners.
It is safest to whiten the incisors, which, as a rule, are somewhat darker than the rest of the teeth. With a cotton swab or a tampon, apply peroxide for five minutes on the entire surface of the teeth, trying not to touch the gums. Then rinse. It is applied peroxide and in a mixture with salt, soda and toothpaste.
It is better not to use hydrogen peroxide for people with problematic gums, sensitive teeth, diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. Of course, no one is going to ingest peroxide, but with its application, some part will get into the esophagus.
At home, it is better to use a low peroxide peroxide. No matter how you use it - separately or in combination with soda, diligently rinse your mouth after the procedure.
A good way to get this kind of whitening is to pour hydrogen peroxide into a teaspoon of soda, bringing it to a pasty consistency. Then this emulsion is used as a toothpaste.
How to whiten teeth with charcoal at home
Activated charcoal does not injure the gums and does not thin the tooth enamel. It is harmless when swallowing and even beneficial to the stomach.
Method of cleaning: dissolve the crushed tablet in a few drops of water until the toothpaste is thick. Dip the brush and clean for about three minutes, then rinse.
This procedure is pleasant in that it completely removes the plaque, the teeth look clean, shiny, healthy and well-groomed. It's good that cleaning with carbon tablets will not devastate the purse.
How to whiten the teeth with lemon
The surface of the teeth is wiped with the underside of the lemon peel( not the yellow side, namely white).Lemon is suitable only for people with strong enamel, as it destroys it, and also causes irritation of the gums. That is why it is not recommended cleaning teeth with undiluted citric acid: too strong a tool will turn into a Pyrrhic victory.
How to whiten your teeth with a banana
More precisely, its skin. By the way, this little-known method is good because it whitens both natural and artificial enamel - fillings, extended teeth, crowns. Often removes a noticeable boundary between natural and artificial enamel. Therefore, older people actively use the method when they want to hide the artificial origin of a part of the teeth.
Darkening of artificial enamel is as natural as the change in the color of the natural enamel of the teeth, but these two processes pass unevenly, which makes the teeth look like piano keys. Whitening pastes and brushes do not solve the problem: the border is still noticeable, as well as heterogeneously colored gaps between the teeth. Here's to the rescue and comes the rind
- You need to take the peel of the banana and rub it inside with your teeth for 2-3 minutes.
- Then for another 3 minutes leave a banana coating on your teeth.
- Then start the usual cleaning of teeth.
This procedure can be done daily before each cleaning. Do not be afraid if in two minutes the banana turns black on your teeth - this is his property.
Choose empirically the most effective banana - there are huge "feed" bananas on the market, and little green ones. After a month of applying this method, your teeth will acquire a uniform, good color.
As you know, the banana is cleaned into four strips. One strip of banana peel leaves for one procedure. This is a highly eco-friendly and cheap method.
How to whiten teeth to children
Teeth are not finished in children 0-10 years old and adolescents 12-16 years old, so whitening is not recommended. It is necessary to wait for the enamel ripening, which occurs by the age of 16.Often children and adolescents are caries( up to 90% of the population) and gingivitis( inflammation of the gums) as a result of non-compliance with oral hygiene and hormonal imbalance.
Therefore, our advice: teeth whitening in a child is possible only by sparing plant methods or after consulting a dentist. In the overwhelming majority of cases, it is enough to clean the equipment twice a year, so that your child's teeth are beautiful and healthy. And, of course, it is necessary to timely cure gingivitis and caries.
A child can whiten his teeth without harm with herbal remedies: banana, orange, tea tree oil. Of course, do not give children harmful, sweet and coloring products, which, unfortunately, they so adore.
How to whiten teeth in braces
The danger of teeth whitening in braces is that they can form "shadows" from braces. It is best to do homemade whitening with a gel cap.
Also people who wear braces are recommended to combine home whitening procedures with professional ones. It is better that this is a quick procedure, for example, Zoom, when the gel-bleach is activated by means of an ultraviolet lamp.
How to whiten tetracycline teeth at home
Tetracycline teeth are less suited to whitening. The fact is that the spots lie not on the enamel itself, but in the deep layers of the tooth. This is what makes darkening persistent and deep.
The cause of darkening is the use of tetracycline antibiotics. And the destruction affects even the rudiments of the fetal teeth in the womb of the mother, who takes the antibiotic. Tetracycline is not excreted from the body, it is collected in bone and dental tissues.
Tetracycline darkening is manifested in three degrees:
- Local staining in the form of spots and streaks. This color is amenable to whitening both at the dentist and at home.
- Staining has an average degree: brown, yellow or gray teeth without streaks and stains. Whitening is possible at the dentist, and at home.
- Deep degree of staining. Intense color, large layers of dyeing, covering the teeth with stripes. Whitening does not give a satisfactory effect, it may be necessary to have vinification, crown replacement or nanocoating.
Tetracycline teeth are well suited to photobleaching using lamps that activate the gel applied to tooth enamel. This photobleaching clarifies the painted teeth by 9-12 tones on the Vita scale.
Sometimes used internal bleaching. It is, of course, impossible to do it yourself at home. In this case, the whitening substance is injected into the inside of the tooth, into its channels, and covered with a temporary filling.
It is impossible to effectively whiten teeth affected by tetracycline in one hour, so it is necessary to take the procedures in advance. Often answers to mail.ru inspire people with false optimism that one can get rid of deep yellowing in one evening. This is not true.
And so that it went right, you need to consult a dentist. It's hard to whiten such teeth without harming the enamel.
Important: when bleaching tetracycline teeth, remove the stone with pre-cleaning. Cleaning - gentle non-invasive operation, takes no more than half an hour. Ultrasonic waves are directed to the surface of the teeth, after which they are rinsed.
The main reasons that prevent your teeth from remaining white
- The use of refined, processed foods with dyes, colored drinks and sweets, coffee, black teas, red wine, dyeing vegetables and fruits.
- Irregular, abnormal or insufficient brushing of teeth. How to properly brush your teeth, the dentist will teach, there is nothing shameful about it. By the way, most adults do not properly brush their teeth. You can see and training video on the Internet.
- Do not use rinse or dental floss.
- Uncleaned language. Yes, the language, too, must be cleared in the morning from a raid.
- No hardware cleaning( 2 times a year).
- Poor environmental conditions, aggressive substances in the environment, including iodine, lead, mercury, bromine.
- Pathology of internal organs. After unsuccessful bleaching, it makes sense to undergo examination - pathological processes inside the body that stain the tongue and teeth are possible.
Before deciding to whiten your teeth at home with folk remedies or using the newfangled methods, it is important to realize that after this procedure the enamel of the teeth will be particularly vulnerable for some time.
It is necessary to abandon bad habits and coloring food, and then the teeth, with a good selection of hygiene products, will always be healthy and white.