The scattering of "sun kisses" on the face is not all associated with youth and vital enthusiasm. For most girls, red specks do not cause much enthusiasm. For them, this annoying cosmetic defect, which gives deep feelings in the soul of discomfort. How to get rid of freckles without harming the skin? We tell!
Where pigmented spots originate: the origins of the
problem The formation of freckles does not depend on heredity, but their number and brightness are determined by genes. Often, in people associated with blood ties, dark spots are even located the same.
Today, scientists are closely studying the areas of DNA that are responsible for the emergence of "kisses of the sun."Such a violation of pigmentation of genetics was called ephelids.
Light-skinned girls with reddish hair face a similar problem much more often than beauties with swarthy skin. Deep in the tissues they have an increased concentration of melanocyte pigment cells. Since they are distributed unevenly, the sun does not sunbathe the skin, but becomes covered with freckles.
For the first time epheliny declare themselves in the preschool age. In adolescents, their number reaches a maximum. As a rule, by the age of 40, the brightness of freckles is significantly reduced.
Stain formation factors:
- problems with the liver, bile ducts;
- hormone failure;
- disorder of the endocrine system;
- frequent peelings;
- deficiency of vitamins in the body;
- disturbance of metabolic processes;
- frequent stress;
- action of chemicals and radiation;
- problems with the tone of the autonomic nervous system.
Efelids are an aesthetic defect, not a disease. But their sudden appearance in adulthood signals the appearance of some kind of somatic ailment. In this case, it will be superfluous to be safe and consult with the therapist.
How to prevent the appearance of freckles?
It is much easier to prevent a problem, than then to look for a way to get rid of freckles on the face. Preventive measures against ephelids:
- Protection against ultraviolet radiation. Special cream will protect the skin from aggressive sunlight in summer and spring. It is worth wearing a hat with wide margins and sunglasses. It is better not to be shown on the street from 11 to 15 hours, because during this period the sun is especially active.
- Masks, facial cleansers. It helps to rub the skin with lemon juice or wash with sour milk. The procedure is carried out every day. If lemon juice causes irritation, it should be added boiled water( half the volume of juice).
- Whitening Cream. Such cosmetics are used in winter, they effectively inhibit the synthesis of melanin.
- Saturation of the body with vitamin C and nicotinic acid. If these elements are not enough, pigmentation is intensified. It is recommended to eat plenty of fruits and vegetables, buckwheat, chicken meat and liver. You can buy ascorbic acid in tablets. It will be a good supplement to the daily ration.
How to whiten freckles and age spots in salons?
Cosmetologists offer many procedures to get rid of freckles. It is important to choose the right time to visit the salon.
Removing freckles with a laser is effective because its beam destroys melanocytes. But the ephelids can appear again in another place, since not all cells die.
To completely remove pigmentation, from 1 to 5 sessions of laser therapy are needed. Everything depends on the size and color of the epheldids, the depth of their location. Large and dark education is removed especially long.
Laser grinding is a short and almost painless procedure. The patient may feel a slight tingling or tingling. Modern preparations are equipped with a cooling system that reduces the temperature of the skin before the client feels a burning sensation.
The skin is exposed to a quartz lamp( once every few days).The procedures are carried out until the epidermis begins to peel off. As a rule, this happens after several sessions.
Quartz is suitable for patients who spend a lot of time in the open air. Not only does pigmentation disappear, but the skin itself becomes less sensitive to ultraviolet light.
Ephelys are treated with chemically and biologically active substances. At the heart of the formulations are lactic, salicylic, malic acids. Tissues are not only lightened, but also regenerated.
After the procedures, the client is forbidden to stay under the bright sun. Depleted and devoid of phyto-protective properties of the skin can suffer. It is protected with special creams.
We use a plant from which a stream of microcrystals of aluminum is blown under pressure. As a result, the upper layer of tissues is removed, and with it pigmented spots.
Any of the above methods of influencing freckles does not give a hundred percent guarantee of complete solution of the problem or a lasting effect.
Skin covers are treated with liquid nitrogen. Freckles disappear, but the method rather severely traumatizes the tissue. Later they will have to be carefully looked after. Greater chance of scars and scars.
Cosmetic against freckles
On the shelves of specialized stores, you can find many remedies that promise to remove freckles at home. All of them have the ability to lighten the surface layer of the skin. Ingredients in creams that provide a similar effect:
- Hydroquinone .The substance inhibits the production of melanocytes. The result is that the new ephe- leides do not appear, but the skin itself becomes lighter in the places of their maximum accumulation.
- Arbutin. A gentle component that gently removes pigmentation from sensitive skin.
- Acids. Natural substances that make the cream more effective. They slow the formation of melanin and regenerate tissue cells. The composition of the product includes gluconic, ascorbic or kojic acid. The substances are added in the natural( together with extracts from grasses), and in a synthesized form.
- Beta-carotene. A substance that is a vitamin A provitamin. Reduces the concentration of the pigment. Extracts from cucumber, citrus or parsley. Ingredients of natural origin, which effectively resist pigmentation.
- Oils from grape seeds, jojoba. Not only carefully cleanse the epidermis, but also lighten it.
The above substances are found in the cream from freckles most often. Popular products:
- Cream "Bark".It includes an active complex of components( ascorbic acid, extracts of lemon, horse sorrel, horseradish and licorice), which brightens tissues with excessive pigmentation. Judging by the reviews on the cream "Bark" against freckles and age spots, it perfectly moisturizes the skin, makes it velvety. Manufacturers promise a visible effect after a month of regular application of the product.
- Whitening cream for freckles URIAGE Depiderm Intensive Depicting Skincare. The agent acts quickly, but it does not harm the skin. Contains copper chelate, licorice concentrate and green tea, ascorbic acid, vitamin PP, lactic and salicylic acid.
- "Up to and after".A relatively inexpensive product that will whiten the skin well with prolonged use. The effect is achieved due to the high concentration of acids in the composition of the Russian cream against freckles.
- Mask, day and night creams from VITEX.More cheap, but effective analogs of the means of URIAGE.
How to get rid of freckles folk remedies?
More than one generation of women has confirmed the effectiveness of using home masks for bleaching skin. Such products are 100% natural products that are available to everyone and do not hurt the skin. In addition, preparing a mask or tonic is much cheaper than buying a cream in a store.
There are many recipes for whitening mixtures. Choosing the "own" mask, you need to consider the type of skin. Unsuitable ingredients will make the fabric even fatter or dry, provoke the appearance of acne.
The duration of any mask application is no more than 20 minutes. To wash off the whitening mass, use cold water. The final touch is a protective or clarifying cream. Ephelids disappear at home very quickly.
How to remove freckles with home masks - video
Mask based on parsley
- Pour the parsley leaves with warm water.
- 2 tablespoons of raw materials to connect with 1 tbsp.spoon of honey and 0.5 tbsp.spoons of freshly squeezed lemon juice.
- Cucumber clear.
- Pulp with a blender or grater.
Mask from potatoes
- 1 Grate the potatoes using the finest grater.
- Add 1 tbsp.a spoonful of bran almonds, twice as much sour milk, a little olive oil.
This mixture is ideal for dry skin.
- Ripe berries carefully knead.
- The resulting mashed potatoes are applied to the face.
- If the fabrics are dry, it is recommended to add 1 tbsp.a spoonful of thick cream.
By the same principle are prepared masks from currants, kiwi, apricots, strawberries, grapes or watermelon. They are well bleached, but not suitable for girls with sensitive skin.
Mask based on dairy products
- Mix 1 tbsp.a spoonful of sour cream and as much cottage cheese. All products are homemade.
- Add 1 teaspoon of 3% hydrogen peroxide.
- Nuts of almonds drop into a steep boiling water.
- Remove after 15 minutes. This time is enough to soften them.
- Almond to grind.
- 1 tablespoon of raw material to be combined with the same amount of honey.
- Add water until a mask is obtained, which can be easily applied to the face.
The recipe is for a skin prone to irritation.
- Dilute 1 spoonful of dry yeast in warm milk. The mixture should turn out thick.
- Add 1 teaspoon freshly squeezed lemon juice.
Mask of Protein
- Beat thoroughly 1 protein.
- Do not reduce the intensity of whipping, add 1 tbsp.a spoonful of sugar and 0.5 cups of water.
Very good for wilting fabrics.
Mask from freckles from grapefruit - video
Tonic and lotion
- Based on lemon. Freshly squeezed juice is used as a lotion, added to water for washing.
- Alcoholic lotion from parsley.
- Greens( approximately 50 g) pour 0.5 liters of vodka.
- The container is tightly clogged and removed to infuse into a dark cool room.
- After 15 days the product is ready. Strain before use.
- Decoction of dandelions.
- Flowers grind.
- 2 tbsp. Spoons of raw material pour 1 liter of boiling water.
- To stand on a water bath for 30 minutes.
- After the liquid has cooled, strain.
- Wipe face morning and evening. Cucumber tonic. Pigmentation brightens the freshly squeezed juice from the flesh of the cucumber.
How to disguise freckles?
There is no single universal method for removing ephelids, which is suitable for everyone. Someone does not want to go to the salon, and some people's money does not help much.
In this case, you can disguise the defects. To do this, you have to buy a special pencil-proofreader or foundation.
Only the right tone of a cosmetic product will successfully hide the pigmentation. It should be something between the complexion and the hue of the epheldids.
- The mineral foundation is applied with a special brush, which ensures a perfectly even skin color.
- The cream foundation is suitable for those who tend to dry. It is necessary to stop the choice on the means, which on tone is brighter than pigmented spots.
- Cosmetics are applied with a cotton disc or applicator. It is recommended to apply powder over the base: it will not fall off during the whole day.
- Do not use too much cream. One layer will be enough. Otherwise, cosmetics will only attract attention to pigmentation.
Despite the huge number of methods of modern cosmetology and traditional medicine, the point in the fight against freckles has not yet been set. Thanks to the integrated approach, if you can not completely remove the efelids, at least minimize their number. The ideal option is to reconsider your attitude to freckles and get rid of complexes.