The gallbladder plays an important role in the digestive system of the body. This body is necessary for the body to accumulate and remove bile from the liver into the duodenum. He uses bile to stimulate the activity of lipase( necessary in the digestion of the enzyme), and also to introduce his own enzymes into the digestive process: proteases and amylases. Without which this process is impossible.
- What are the diseases of the gallbladder?
- Symptoms of the disease
- What foods are prohibited for gallbladder diseases?
- What products are resolved with gallbladder disease?
- Diet in case of gallbladder disease. Menu
- Drinking Regimen for Gallbladder Disease
- Drugs for Gallbladder Disease
- Treatment for Gallbladder Disease with Folk Remedies
- Advice for the Prevention of Gallbladder Problems
- Video. What are the diseases of the gallbladder?
IMPORTANT: Bile is a liquid that is reproduced by the liver cells. An important function of bile is the removal of toxic substances and metabolic products from the body. It is necessary for the assimilation of fat-solublevitamins A , D , E , K .
Diseases of the gallbladder can greatly affect the digestive process of the body. So, in all of his work as a whole. To date, there are known such problems in the work of this body as:
• Gallstone disease ;
• Dyskinesia of the biliary tract ;
• Chronic and acute cholecystitis ;
• Tumors of the gallbladder and its ducts .
Gallstone disease is, as the name suggests, an appearance in the gallbladder, stones. They consist of salts, cholesterol and other substances. The appearance of such stones is associated with an increased level of cholesterol in the body against the background of a decrease in the production of phospholipids and bile acids. This disease is often hereditary. It can also be associated with diabetes and obesity.
Dyskinesia of the bile duct is a disorder associated with the motor function of the biliary tract. The result of this disease can be stagnation of bile or, on the contrary, an excessively intense secretion of bile. Dyskinesia of bile ducts can occur against a background of stress and excessive stress on the body.
Chronic cholecystitis is an inflammation in the gallbladder that occurs due to various infections. The causative agents of such infections can be various bacteria and microbes. Cholecystitis requires immediate treatment.
Tumors in the gallbladder can be benign( polyps) or malignant. To prevent the occurrence of problems in the gallbladder, people prone to such manifestations need to regularly undergo ultrasound of this organ.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms with of cholelithiasis are:
• acute pain that occurs in the right hypochondrium;
• increased temperature.
IMPORTANT: Remove stones from the gallbladder only if they interfere with the normal activity of the organ. If this does not happen, then the stones in the gallbladder can survive to old age.
Symptoms of dyskinesia biliary tract are:
• acute pain occurring in the right hypochondrium;
• strong heartbeat;
• bitterness in the mouth;
• violation of the menstrual cycle in women;
• biliary colic.
For effective treatment of this disease, the doctor must find the reasons that provoked it. Since one of the causes of this disease of the gallbladder are stresses, it requires psychotherapy to treat it.
Symptoms of chronic cholecystitis are:
• pain in the right hypochondrium;
• increased body temperature;
• psychoemotional disorders;
• pain in the heart.
IMPORTANT: Treatment of chronic cholecystitis is a complex of measures consisting of diet, antibacterial therapy, prescription of choleretic and antispasmodics and physical therapy.
In the formation of tumors in the described area, patients may experience pain, nausea, an increase in body size, an increase in body temperature, skin itching, black stools and a sharp decrease in weight. Oncological diseases of the gallbladder are treated with the help of surgical intervention and chemotherapy.
What products are banned for gallbladder disease?
In case of gallbladder diseases it is necessary to exclude from the diet:
• Fatty( rich) broth;
• Fried dishes and fatty foods;
• Spicy condiments;
• Smoked products;
• Alcohol( even beer);
• Baking and various confectionery products.
You also need to minimize in your diet products such as: onion, garlic, radish, horseradish and other vegetables and fruits, in its composition having substances that irritate the gastric mucosa. Ice cream and many chilled drinks also have a negative effect on the gallbladder.
IMPORTANT: For the above problems, it is first necessary to exclude from your diet products containing cholesterol in large quantities, as well as foods rich in animal fats. Such fats in the body need to be filled with products containing Omega3 and Omega6 acids.
What products are resolved with gallbladder disease?
• Vegetable soups;
• Lean meat in boiled form;
• Fresh and baked vegetables and fruits;
• Dairy products;
• Buckwheat and oat porridge;
• Cereal bread;
• Olive oil.
IMPORTANT: To clean the liver and gallbladder, you must consume more foods that contain fiber. Particularly useful in this regard are water-soluble dietary fiber - pectin. It is with their help that toxins, cholesterol and other harmful substances are eliminated from the body. Pectin is found in large quantities in plums, figs, peaches, apples, bananas and beans.
Diet in case of gallbladder disease. Menu
When making a menu for treating the gallbladder, consult a specialist.
The sample menu may look like this:
• 1st breakfast: low-fat cottage cheese with dried apricots or prunes, buckwheat porridge and tea.
• 2nd breakfast: baked apple( without sugar).
• Lunch: Vegetable soup, noodles with boiled meat, jelly with berries.
• Snack: tea with oatmeal cookies.
• Dinner: vegetable salad, mashed potatoes with fish( for a couple);
• Before going to bed: a glass of yogurt.
Drinking Regimen for Gallbladder Disease
Therapeutic diet, aimed at eliminating problems with this organ, implies abundant drinking. With the problems described, it is best to give preference to to alkaline minerals: Borjomi, Truskovetskaya, Nabeglavi, etc. From strongly carbonated mineral waters it is better to refuse or use them before releasing gas.
Drugs for gallbladder disease
IMPORTANT: Choose a drug to treat the disease of this organ with a gastroenterologist.
For the complex treatment of the gallbladder, drugs based on ursodeoxycholic acid are used( Ursosan , Holudexan , Ursofalk , etc.), antibiotics( Fortum , Cefazolin , Tebrimycin », etc.), spasmolytics( Mebeverdin , Dospatalin , etc.), hepatoprotectors( Essentiale , Heptral , etc.) and analgesics( Nalbufin "," Ketanov ", etc.).
Treatment of gallbladder disease with folk remedies
Treatment of diseases of this organ with folk methods can be very effective. But, only if the diagnosis is confirmed by specialists.
Widely used for the treatment of the described disease is the decoction of the immortelle.
The flowers of this most popular folk medicine plant are harvested two weeks after the beginning of flowering and dried. To a glass of boiling water you need 10-15 g of dried flowers immortelle.
Very well helps with diseases of the gallbladder chicory.
And for this purpose stems, roots and color of this plant can be used. They are dried and ground. The decoction of chicory is prepared as follows. Take two tablespoons of the prepared mixture and pour 500 ml of boiling water. For best effect, you can boil the broth for 5 more minutes, strain and add honey to it. This broth can be drunk instead of tea or coffee twice a day.
Also in folk medicine for the treatment of the gallbladder are used: dandelion root, milk thistle seeds, celandine, fiber and other medicinal herbs.
Recipes for infusions, decoctions and other products based on them can be found in other articles on our website.