Allergy is a very common disease that affects negatively the habitual way of life. To stop the symptoms and prevent a relapse of the disease, special treatment methods are developed, the basis of this therapy is the pill for allergy. A list of cheap and effective antihistamines is presented below in the article.
- Antihistamines of I generation
- Ketotifen( Zaditen)
- Clemastine( Tavegil)
- Promethazine( Pipolphenum)
- Suprastin( Chloropyramine)
- Antihistamines II generation
- acrivastine( Sempreks)
- Loratadine(Agistam, Clargotil, Claritin, Clarisens, Clarotadine, Loradine, Loragexal, Erolin, Loridin, Lomilan, Tyrror)
- Montelukast( Almond, Montelar)
- Fenistil 24
- Antigstamina ІІІ( new) generation
- Allegra( Fexadine, Fexophast, Dinox, Baxist-Sanovel, Telfast, Gifast)
- Desal( Ezlor, Erius, Eliseus, Desloratadine, Edem, Trexile, Lordestin)
- Kestin( Ebastin)
- Levocetirizine, Zenaro, Glencet, Suprastinex, Zilola, Elzet)
- Sephifenadine( Histafen, Bikarfen)
- Cetrin( Cetirizine Hexal, Cetirizine Teva, Tsetril, Zirtek, Zodak, Parlazin, Letizen)
- Dexamethasone( Dexazon, Megadecan)
- Luffel N
- RiniIn pregnancy al
- For children
- Tablets and alcohol
Antihistamines eliminate discomfort and inhibit the stimulus that causes an allergic reaction. Preparations of three generations are accepted to be united in one group, in connection with their general pharmacological action and similar compositions. The main difference is the probability of side effects and the duration of the effect on the body.
Antihistamines of the first generation are second only to drugs of the second and third. They are characterized by the presence of more contraindications. Means of the third generation are the most powerful drugs in the fight against allergies and almost do not cause side effects.
Antihistamines I generationsto contents ^
Produced in tablets and coated tablets;active substance - mebhydroline.
The drug is used to prevent and treat manifestations of seasonal and allergic rhinitis. The tablets are prescribed for patients with urticaria, hay fever, allergy medicament and food. They are also taken with dermatoses, accompanied by itching and the presence of reactions on the skin due to the bites of various insects.
Take internally after meals. The daily dose for adults and children over 12 years is 100-300 milligrams;5-10 years - 100-200 milligrams;2-5 years - 50-150 milligrams;up to 2 years - 50-100 milligrams.
Adverse events: heartburn, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, drowsiness, dry mouth, impaired vision.
The active ingredient is diphenhydramine hydrochloride.
A strong remedy for allergic reactions( urticaria, hay fever, angioedema), vasomotor rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, hemorrhagic vasculitis, itching dermatoses, serum sickness, sleep disturbance, air and seasickness, Meniere's syndrome.
Adults take - 30-50 milligrams 1-3 times a day. Duration of treatment is no more than 10-15 days. When administered orally, single doses for children aged 6 to 12 years - 15-30 milligrams;from 2 to 5 years - 5-15 milligrams;up to 1 year - 2-5 milligrams.
Side effects: numbness of the oral mucosa, general weakness, drowsiness, decreased speed of psychomotor reaction, irritability, development of insomnia, dry mouth, dizziness, impaired coordination of movements, headache, tremor.
Produced in tablets, syrup;the active substance is ketotifenum.
The main indications are various allergic conditions, among them rhinitis and conjunctivitis of the allergic type.
Take inside during meals, adults - 1 milligram 2 times a day in the morning and in the evening. The maximum daily dose is 4 milligrams. For children from 3 to 12 years, the daily dose is 2 milligrams. Duration of treatment - 3 months. Cancellation of treatment should be done gradually over 2-4 weeks.
Side effects: cystitis, dysuria, dizziness, drowsiness, sleep disturbance, anxiety, constipation, nausea, increased appetite, weight gain.
The active substance is clemastine.
It is indicated for use in various allergic reactions.
Dosage for adults and children over 12 years is - 1 milligram 2 times a day. According to the indications, the daily dose can be brought up to 6 milligrams. Children aged 6-12 years - 0.5-1 milligram 2 times a day.
Side effects: drowsiness, dizziness, fatigue, anorexia, vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, decreased blood pressure, rarely dysuria, skin rash, anaphylactic shock.
Produced in tablets, coated tablets, solution;active ingredient - promethazine hydrochloride.
The drug is prescribed for allergic rhinitis, allergies of the skin, a cold with severe symptoms, anaphylaxis and also for the prevention of vomiting and nausea after surgery, to eliminate motion sickness.
Allergy tablets are given to adults at a dose of 25 milligrams 3 times per day;Children aged 6 to 14 years - 25 milligrams 1 time per day.
Side effects: drowsiness, cold symptoms, nightmares, hyperactivity, itching, nervousness, vomiting, nausea, pain, frequent mood swings, confusion, apathy, breathing problems, stiffness and muscle pain, weakness, bruises, bleeding, epilepticseizures.
Produced in tablets, solution;the active ingredient is chloropyramine hydrochloride.
Tablets are used to treat allergies( caused by bites or alimentary), hives, hay fever, allergic rhinopathy, serum sickness, conjunctivitis. Also as an additional remedy for systemic reactions of hypersensitivity of anaphylactic type and angioedema.
Tablets should be taken orally while eating, without chewing and washing with water. Adults are prescribed 25 milligrams( 1 tablet) 3-4 times a day;children 1-12 months - ¼ tablets 2-3 times a day;1-6 years - ¼ tablets 3 times a day;6-14 years - ½ tablets 2-3 times a day.
Side effects: tachycardia, tremor, convulsions, arrhythmia, diarrhea, vomiting, encephalopathy, drowsiness, glaucoma, myopathy.
Produced in tablets, solution, powder;the active ingredient is hifenadine hydrochloride.
Indications: acute and chronic urticaria, pollinosis, allergic rhinitis, dermatoses, skin itching, neurodermatitis.
Take inside after eating adults 50 milligrams 1-4 times a day( the maximum dosage is 200 milligrams per day);children 3-7 years - 10 milligrams 2 times a day;7-12 years - 10-15 milligrams 2-3 times a day;over 12 years - 25 milligrams 2-3 times a day. Duration of treatment is 10-15 days.
Side effects: drowsiness, nausea, headache, dryness of the oral mucosa.
Produced in tablets, powder;active ingredient - chlorphenamine maleate.
The medicine is prescribed for the treatment of vasomotor, allergic rhinitis, and hay fever.
Take internally after meals. For adults, appoint 4 mg 3-4 times a day;children under 1 year - 1 milligram 2 times a day;1-5 years - 1-2 milligrams 2 times a day;6-12 years - 2 milligrams 2 times a day.
Side effects: drowsiness, impaired coordination of movements, weakness, dry mouth, nausea, vomiting, difficulty urinating, double vision.
Antihistamines of the 2nd generationto the table of contents ^
Produced in capsules;active ingredient is acrivastine.
Effective drug is intended for the treatment of pollinosis, allergic rhinitis, hives, itchy eczema.
Adults and children over 12 years of age are prescribed by mouth 8 milligrams three times a day, regardless of food.
Side effects: rarely - drowsiness, rash.
Produced in tablets, syrup;active substance - desloratadine.
A non-active antihistamine long-acting agent prevents the development of allergic reactions and facilitates their flow, reduces the permeability of capillaries, prevents the development of spasm of smooth muscles, edema of tissues.
Take in adults and children over 12 years of age 1 tablet 1 time per day, regardless of food intake.
Side effects: hallucinations, tachycardia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain.
The active ingredient is astemizole.
Reduces capillary permeability and histamine-induced edema of tissues, prevents the appearance and facilitates the course of allergies. The drug has no pronounced sedative effect.
Adults and children are prescribed 10 milligrams 1 time per day;children 6-12 years - 5 milligrams 1 time per day;2-6 years - 200 micromilligrams 1 time per day.
Side effects: dizziness, nausea, possible ventricular arrhythmias, increased appetite.
Loratadin( Agistam, Clargotil, Claritin, Claricens, Clarotadine, Loradine, Loragexal, Erolin, Loridin, Lomilan, Tyrlor)
Produced in tablets, syrup;active ingredient is loratadine.
Inexpensive tablets are prescribed for the treatment of seasonal and year-round allergic rhinitis, acute urticaria, conjunctivitis, allergic reactions to the skin due to insect bites.
Take in adults and children over 12 years old and with a body weight of more than 30 kilograms - 10 milligrams 1 time per day;children 2-12 years - 5 milligrams 1 time per day.
Side effects: dry mouth, gastritis, headache, tachycardia, headache, increased fatigue, excitability in children.
Montelukast( Almond, Montelar)
The active substance is sodium montelukast.
The drug is prescribed for the treatment of a common cold that appears due to persistent or seasonal allergies, and as a prophylactic for bronchial asthma.
Adults and children over 15 years of age should take 10 milligrams 1 time per day;children 6-14 years - 5 milligrams 1 time per day;2-5 years - 4 milligrams 1 time per day.
Side effects: cramps, drowsiness, diarrhea, nausea, myalgia, itching, rash, cough, runny nose.
The active substance is bilastin.
It is used for the treatment of allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis and urticaria in adults and children over 12 years of age to 20 milligrams 1 time per day. Tablets from allergies should be taken 1 hour before or 2 hours after eating.
Side effects: sometimes oral herpes, insomnia, headache, anxiety, etc.
The active ingredient is rupatadine.
For the treatment of allergic rhinitis and urticaria, take adults and children over 12 years of age to 10 milligrams 1 time per day.
Side effects: headache, drowsiness, dry mouth, diarrhea, abdominal pain, indigestion, cough, rhinitis, rash, myalgia, fever.
Available in capsules, gel, emulsion;the active substance is dimethindene maleate.
It is indicated for the symptomatic treatment of allergic skin reactions, seasonal and year-round allergic rhinitis, itching, food and drug allergy.
Adults and children over 12 years of age are prescribed 1 capsule 1 time per day. It is recommended to take the capsule in the evening, swallow the whole without chewing.
Side effects: headache, fatigue, rarely - gastrointestinal disorders, dry mouth.
Antihistamines of the third generationto the table of contents ^
Allegra( Fexadine, Fexofast, Dinox, Baxist-Sanovel, Telfast, Gifast)
The active ingredient is fexofenadine hydrochloride.
For seasonal allergic rhinitis and chronic urticaria, take adults and children over 12 years of age to 120 milligrams 1 time per day before meals.
Side effects: dizziness, nervousness, tachycardia, sleep disturbance, diarrhea, Quincke's edema, dyspnea, hyperemia of the skin.
Desal( Ezlor, Erius, Elisei, Desloratadine, Eden, Trexil, Lordestin)
Produced in tablets, solution;active substance - desloratadine.
Adults and adolescents from 12 years of age should be taken to alleviate and eliminate symptoms of allergic rhinitis by 5 milligrams 1 time per day.
Side effects: hallucinations, insomnia, dizziness, tachycardia, nausea, vomiting, pruritus, rash, myalgia.
Produced in tablets, syrup;active substance - ebastine.
A cheap drug without a hypnotic effect, used to treat allergic rhinitis of various origins( for sweet, pollen, dust, grass, etc.).
Apply 20 milligrams 1 time per day.
The duration of treatment depends on the patient's condition.
Side effects: rarely - rhinitis, sinusitis, headache, allergic reaction.
Levocetirizine( Alerone Xizal, Zenaro, Glencet, Suprastinex, Zilola, Eltset)
The active ingredient is levocetirizine dihydrochloride.
The drug prevents development and weakens the course of allergic manifestations.
Adults and children over 6 years of age take 5 milligrams 1 time per day. The average duration of treatment is 1-6 weeks, depending on the patient's condition.
Side effects: asthenia, drowsiness, fatigue, nausea, migraine, irritability, tachycardia, headache, abdominal pain.
Sephifenadine( Histafen, Bicarfen)
The active ingredient is seyfenadine.
The drug is effective for various allergic diseases: rhinitis, pollen, food allergies, reactions to ragweed, wormwood, etc.
It is administered orally after meals 0.05-0.1 grams 2-3 times a day. If necessary, the daily dose can be increased to 0.4 grams per day. The maintenance dose is 0.05 grams twice a day.
Side effects: pain in epigastrium, increased appetite, headache, leukopenia, drowsiness, frequent urination.
Cetrin( Cetirizin Hexal, Cetirizine Teva, Tsetril, Zirtek, Zodak, Parlazin, Letizen)
Produced in tablets, syrup;the active ingredient is cetirizine dihydrochloride.
The drug is used in adults and children from 6 years to alleviate and eliminate symptoms in chronic and seasonal rhinitis of allergic nature, itching of various origins, hives, allergic conjunctivitis, Quinck's edema.
The daily dose for adult treatment is 10 milligrams 1 time per day, children - 5 milligrams to 2 times a day.
Side effects: dry mouth, skin rash, gastrointestinal disorders.
Drugs from a hormone-based allergy belong to the third generation. They contain special compounds that in a short time eliminate allergy symptoms, but doctors recommend that they be used only in extreme cases, when there is no effect of other medical devices.to table of contents ^
Dexamethasone( Dexazone, Megadexan)
Produced in tablets, solution, drops;active ingredient is dexamethasone.
A strong synthetic drug is prescribed to regulate metabolic processes. It also effectively counteracts immunodepressant conditions, inflammatory processes, allergies of various origins.
The daily dose, depending on the patient's condition, is 0.5-9 milligrams per day.
Side effects: nausea, increased appetite, weight gain, erythema, osteoporosis, skin rash, bronchospasm.
The safest allergy tablets, which have virtually no contraindications and side effects. Homeopathy begins to act through time on a cumulative basis. Sometimes this may take several months of regular use of the medication.to table of contents ^
Available in capsules;active substances - extracts of herbs and vitamins.
The drug protects the body from the effects of allergens, helps to alleviate the symptoms, cleanses the liver of residual toxins.
Take 1 capsule with food for 20 days. We recommend repeated receptions with a 10-day break.
Side effects: an allergic reaction is possible.
Active ingredients are herbal extracts.
Homeopathic remedy with anti-allergic action, used for allergic rhinitis.
In case of exacerbations, 1 tablet is given every 15 minutes for 2 hours, then take 1 tablet three times a day. The tablet should be slowly resorbed in the mouth until it dissolves completely. The average course of therapy is 4 weeks. If necessary, the course can be extended.
Side effects: an allergic reaction.
Active ingredients - Luffa operculata, Galphimia glauca and Cardiospermum.
The drug effectively eliminates manifestations of allergic rhinitis, has anti-edematous, anti-inflammatory and antipruritic effect, reduces swelling of the mucous membrane of the paranasal sinuses and sinuses, nasal congestion, reduces the severity of lacrimation and rhinorrhea. Rhinital reduces nasal congestion, sneezing and eliminates burning and itching in the pharynx.
Take 1 tablet every 2 hours until the condition improves( no more than 8 tablets per day) after which you need to switch to taking 1 tablet three times a day.
Side effects: in rare cases, rashes.
Allergy during pregnancy is necessary only under the supervision of a doctor, since many drugs have a negative effect on the fetus. By life indications and with caution, Diazolin, Suprastin, Cetrin and its analogs, Rinalital, can be prescribed.
Allergic manifestations in childhood can be treated only after the exposure of the stimulusand a complete medical examination.
Allergic children are allowed:
- after 1 year - Claricens, Clarotadine, Loratadin, Claritin;
- is older than 2 years - Suprastin, Zirtek, Tsetrin, Parlazin only in the form of syrups.
Tablets and alcohol
It is not recommended to drink alcohol during an allergy, as they can worsen a patient's condition.