Pet owners, whose pets live in urban apartments, often make a decision about castration of an animal. After removing the testes, your fluffy friend will no longer run the shuttle around the rooms, meow during the offensive of the "wedding" season, mark the territory daily in places difficult to clean for cleaning, and also be interested in animals of the opposite sex. It is important for the owners of cats to remember that the operation performed changes not only the animal's way of life, but also its physiology. This fact must be taken into account when caring for a pet.
Physiological features of the animal after castration
After removal of the sex glands, the hormone changes in the cat. Imbalance of hormones can cause a pet to develop obesity. With malnutrition, the weight of the cat after castration can reach 12 kg. It should be remembered that the normal weight of the cat's body should not be more than 4 kg.
In castrated cats, the condition of the teeth and gums also worsens. If you use quality feed for your pet's feeding, you should not worry, since most feeds help prevent various dental diseases. The cat can also be purchased additionally in branded grocery stores that promote gum massage and strengthen teeth.
After castration, the cat also falls into the risk group for the disease of urolithiasis. The ureters of the animal have a complex S-shaped form, and after castration the urethra narrows. Violations of metabolic reactions in the cat's body, irrational nutrition, water hardness and other factors contribute to the formation of urinary stones.
Maximum reduction in the threat of functional disorders in the pet can be done with the right diet and a balanced menu.to table of contents ^
Rules and rules for feeding a castrated cat
Veterinarians recommend that owners of cats take advantage of their ready-made fodders designed for castrated animals to feed their pets. It is important to observe the following rules of nutrition:
- Do not overfeed the cat. Vets recommend feeding your pet twice a day at a certain time. If the cat increases body weight, then use low-calorie feed for nutrition.
- Provide an abundant drink to your pet. The cat should drink three times more liquid( by volume) than it eats ready-made food. If the fluffy pet reluctantly drinks water, it is necessary to soak the liquid with dry food.
- Keep track of the amount of minerals in the stern. Some natural products and prepared foods are saturated with magnesium and phosphorus. These minerals lead to the formation of hazardous triphosphate stones for animals.
- Do not allow the pet to drink water with a high stiffness.
- Do not buy industrial feed of poor quality for pet feeding.
- Do not mix dry and canned feeds made by different manufacturers in the animal's diet.
Veterinarians are also advised to organize for the cat once a week unloading or hungry day.to the table of contents ^
Natural products for castrated pets
If you use natural products for feeding a castrated cat, you need to know which ones are safe to include in the menu of a furry pet. Recommended products for the cat:
- raw beef;
- boiled chicken and turkey meat;
- byproducts: boiled liver, heart of veal, heart beef, chicken stomachs;
- milk porridge from buckwheat, millet and oatmeal;
- vegetables: cabbage, beets and carrots;
- sour-milk products: cottage cheese and kefir with fat content no more than 5%.
The following products can not be included in the castrated cats menu:
- fried and smoked products;
- pork heart;
- fish and seafood;
- raw game.
To change the diet of feeding a cat is rational most only three weeks before the planned operation. This will help the pet to avoid feed stress immediately after the operation. If you do not have time to transfer the cat to a new diet, then it is best to do this on the fifth day after castration. At the same time, the old feed must be replaced gradually in three to four days.
Ready-made food for castrated cats
In quality industrial feeds are all the vitamins, nutrients and minerals necessary for the animal. Most often, veterinarians recommend for castrated cats ready-made premium or premium premium foods from the following manufacturers:
It is necessary to transfer a pet to a special feed two weeks before the planned operation or seven days after the planned operation. To introduce new food into the diet of the animal should be gradually.